The developments in civil aviation in Turkey accelerate year
over year. New investitions, projects and also expansion of trade
volume provide the increase of number of airports, passengers and
means of air transportation. According to the acitivity report of
Directorate General of Civil Avation ("DGCA") of 2012,
the rate of increase in air transportation of last ten years is
In addition to this, the number of licensed heliports in Turkey
have been increasing since 2011. This number was in 2011 44, and 54
in 2012.2 The continuation of this increase is
estimated. Especially skyscraper and residence projects target to
include an heliport. Within the Project of One Heliport for Each
Skyscraper" of DGCA3 in 2008 the numbers of such
Legal aspect: What is an heliport and what are the conditions
of a licence?
Heliport is defined by article 4-k) of Regulation on
Construction and Operation of Heliports No. SHY-14B
("RCOH") as areas used for secured departure and landing
of helicopters. It is compulsory to obtain a construction and an
operation license from DGCA. (Article 5, RCOH). The
application process for these licenses is regulated by articles
20,21,22,23 and 24 of RCOH. The DGCA decides for issuance of
construction license through holding the opinion of related
municipalities, military institutions and last approximately 30
days after the application. The operation license is issued
according to similar process with construction license.
Air Taxis: A factor in increase of heliport numbers in
Helicopters or air taxis are preferred especially by business
people in big cities as an alternative transportation. In addition
to this function, air taxis are also used in healthcare industry as
air ambulances, for touristic group visits and tours. The increase
of helicopter numbers in Turkey increase the demand to heliports.
According to the data of DGCA, there are 54 air taxi operators and
208 aircrafts in Turkey as of 7.1.2013.4 Moreover, the
DGCA has began with the Project of Ambulance Helicopters in
How to operate an air taxi company?
There is a specific regulation concerning air transportation
operators named Regulation on Commercial Air Transportation
Operators no. SHY6A ("RCAO"). This regulation provides
the conditions and general terms for aircraft operation in Turkey.
Companies which intend to operate an aircraft company shall fulfill
the conditions stated in this regulation. These companies shall
submit their articles of association to the DGCA, and registrate
their trademarks. (Article 5, RCAO).
According to the Articles 6 and 7 of this regulation, the type
of such companies operating aircrafts with a capacity of at least
20 passengers shall be joint stock companies. In addition to this,
the field of activity of these companies is limited to aviation or
it should be related to aviation.
The Article 16 of this regulation concerns the air taxi
operations. According to this, the operators intending to do
operation with air taxis with a capacity of at most 19 passengers
shall be authorized by DGCA. At least one aircraft shall be
registered in Turkish Civil Aircraft Registry. Air taxi operators
with aircraft with a capacity of at least 20 at most 99 passengers
shall be authorized by the Ministry of Transport and at least two
aircrafts shall be registered in Turkish Civil Aircraft
The operation license process is regulated by Articles 26 and
following articles of RCAO. The license application shall be made
to the DGCA.
The stages of this application process are stated below:
Prior authorization by DGCA, valid for 6 months.
Inspection for document compliance by DGCA.
License is issued by DGCA and the issuance decision is
confirmed by the Ministry for Transport. (Article 35,
Operation license is issued for one year and it may be extended
for three years.
Due to different projects, the progress of aviation industry and
investitions are encouraged. Developments in air transportation
such as air ambulances, heliports and air taxis will play an
essential role in dynamising of healthcare industry and tourism,
and this will also be a very preferred way of transportation by
business people and investors in Turkey because of its advantages
such as security and fastness.
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