Turkey: An Important Development İn Aviation Industry İn Turkey: Heliports And Air Taxis With Legal Aspects

The developments in civil aviation in Turkey accelerate year over year. New investitions, projects and also expansion of trade volume provide the increase of number of airports, passengers and means of air transportation. According to the acitivity report of Directorate General of Civil Avation ("DGCA") of 2012, the rate of increase in air transportation of last ten years is 20%.1

In addition to this, the number of licensed heliports in Turkey have been increasing since 2011. This number was in 2011 44, and 54 in 2012.2 The continuation of this increase is estimated. Especially skyscraper and residence projects target to include an heliport. Within the Project of One Heliport for Each Skyscraper" of DGCA3 in 2008 the numbers of such skyscrapers increase.

Legal aspect: What is an heliport and what are the conditions of a licence?

Heliport is defined by article 4-k) of Regulation on Construction and Operation of Heliports No. SHY-14B ("RCOH") as areas used for secured departure and landing of helicopters. It is compulsory to obtain a construction and an operation license from DGCA. (Article 5, RCOH). The application process for these licenses is regulated by articles 20,21,22,23 and 24 of RCOH. The DGCA decides for issuance of construction license through holding the opinion of related municipalities, military institutions and last approximately 30 days after the application. The operation license is issued according to similar process with construction license.

Air Taxis: A factor in increase of heliport numbers in Turkey

Helicopters or air taxis are preferred especially by business people in big cities as an alternative transportation. In addition to this function, air taxis are also used in healthcare industry as air ambulances, for touristic group visits and tours. The increase of helicopter numbers in Turkey increase the demand to heliports. According to the data of DGCA, there are 54 air taxi operators and 208 aircrafts in Turkey as of 7.1.2013.4 Moreover, the DGCA has began with the Project of Ambulance Helicopters in 2009.5

How to operate an air taxi company?

There is a specific regulation concerning air transportation operators named Regulation on Commercial Air Transportation Operators no. SHY6A ("RCAO"). This regulation provides the conditions and general terms for aircraft operation in Turkey. Companies which intend to operate an aircraft company shall fulfill the conditions stated in this regulation. These companies shall submit their articles of association to the DGCA, and registrate their trademarks. (Article 5, RCAO).

According to the Articles 6 and 7 of this regulation, the type of such companies operating aircrafts with a capacity of at least 20 passengers shall be joint stock companies. In addition to this, the field of activity of these companies is limited to aviation or it should be related to aviation.

The Article 16 of this regulation concerns the air taxi operations. According to this, the operators intending to do operation with air taxis with a capacity of at most 19 passengers shall be authorized by DGCA. At least one aircraft shall be registered in Turkish Civil Aircraft Registry. Air taxi operators with aircraft with a capacity of at least 20 at most 99 passengers shall be authorized by the Ministry of Transport and at least two aircrafts shall be registered in Turkish Civil Aircraft Registry.

The operation license process is regulated by Articles 26 and following articles of RCAO. The license application shall be made to the DGCA.

The stages of this application process are stated below:

  • Prior authorization by DGCA, valid for 6 months.
  • Inspection for document compliance by DGCA.
  • License is issued by DGCA and the issuance decision is confirmed by the Ministry for Transport. (Article 35, RCAO)

Operation license is issued for one year and it may be extended for three years.


Due to different projects, the progress of aviation industry and investitions are encouraged. Developments in air transportation such as air ambulances, heliports and air taxis will play an essential role in dynamising of healthcare industry and tourism, and this will also be a very preferred way of transportation by business people and investors in Turkey because of its advantages such as security and fastness.


1. Activity report of DGCA of 2012, page 26; http://web.shgm.gov.tr/doc5/2012fr.pdf, last visited on 12.9.2013.

2. Activity report of DGCA of 2012, page 27; http://web.shgm.gov.tr/doc5/2012fr.pdf, last visited on 12.9.2013.

3. http://web.shgm.gov.tr/dgca.php?page=projects&id=3, last visited on 12.9.2013; see also http://web.shgm.gov.tr/dgca.php?page=projects.

4. www.shgm.gov.tr/doc2/hava_taksi.xls‎, last visited on 12.9.2013

5. http://web.shgm.gov.tr/dgca.php?page=projects&id=5, last visited on 12.9.2013.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on Mondaq.com.

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Some comments from our readers…
“The articles are extremely timely and highly applicable”
“I often find critical information not available elsewhere”
“As in-house counsel, Mondaq’s service is of great value”

Related Topics
Related Articles
Up-coming Events Search
Font Size:
Mondaq on Twitter
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).
Email Address
Company Name
Confirm Password
Mondaq Topics -- Select your Interests
 Law Performance
 Law Practice
 Media & IT
 Real Estate
 Wealth Mgt
Asia Pacific
European Union
Latin America
Middle East
United States
Worldwide Updates
Registration (you must scroll down to set your data preferences)

Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including your content preferences, for three primary purposes (full details of Mondaq’s use of your personal data can be found in our Privacy and Cookies Notice):

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting to show content ("Content") relevant to your interests.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, news alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our content providers ("Contributors") who contribute Content for free for your use.

Mondaq hopes that our registered users will support us in maintaining our free to view business model by consenting to our use of your personal data as described below.

Mondaq has a "free to view" business model. Our services are paid for by Contributors in exchange for Mondaq providing them with access to information about who accesses their content. Once personal data is transferred to our Contributors they become a data controller of this personal data. They use it to measure the response that their articles are receiving, as a form of market research. They may also use it to provide Mondaq users with information about their products and services.

Details of each Contributor to which your personal data will be transferred is clearly stated within the Content that you access. For full details of how this Contributor will use your personal data, you should review the Contributor’s own Privacy Notice.

Please indicate your preference below:

Yes, I am happy to support Mondaq in maintaining its free to view business model by agreeing to allow Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors whose Content I access
No, I do not want Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors

Also please let us know whether you are happy to receive communications promoting products and services offered by Mondaq:

Yes, I am happy to received promotional communications from Mondaq
No, please do not send me promotional communications from Mondaq
Terms & Conditions

Mondaq.com (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd (Mondaq). Mondaq grants you a non-exclusive, revocable licence to access the Website and associated services, such as the Mondaq News Alerts (Services), subject to and in consideration of your compliance with the following terms and conditions of use (Terms). Your use of the Website and/or Services constitutes your agreement to the Terms. Mondaq may terminate your use of the Website and Services if you are in breach of these Terms or if Mondaq decides to terminate the licence granted hereunder for any reason whatsoever.

Use of www.mondaq.com

To Use Mondaq.com you must be: eighteen (18) years old or over; legally capable of entering into binding contracts; and not in any way prohibited by the applicable law to enter into these Terms in the jurisdiction which you are currently located.

You may use the Website as an unregistered user, however, you are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the Content or to receive the Services.

You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these Terms or with the prior written consent of Mondaq. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information from the Content. Nor shall you extract information about users or Contributors in order to offer them any services or products.

In your use of the Website and/or Services you shall: comply with all applicable laws, regulations, directives and legislations which apply to your Use of the Website and/or Services in whatever country you are physically located including without limitation any and all consumer law, export control laws and regulations; provide to us true, correct and accurate information and promptly inform us in the event that any information that you have provided to us changes or becomes inaccurate; notify Mondaq immediately of any circumstances where you have reason to believe that any Intellectual Property Rights or any other rights of any third party may have been infringed; co-operate with reasonable security or other checks or requests for information made by Mondaq from time to time; and at all times be fully liable for the breach of any of these Terms by a third party using your login details to access the Website and/or Services

however, you shall not: do anything likely to impair, interfere with or damage or cause harm or distress to any persons, or the network; do anything that will infringe any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights of Mondaq or any third party; or use the Website, Services and/or Content otherwise than in accordance with these Terms; use any trade marks or service marks of Mondaq or the Contributors, or do anything which may be seen to take unfair advantage of the reputation and goodwill of Mondaq or the Contributors, or the Website, Services and/or Content.

Mondaq reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to take any action that it deems necessary and appropriate in the event it considers that there is a breach or threatened breach of the Terms.

Mondaq’s Rights and Obligations

Unless otherwise expressly set out to the contrary, nothing in these Terms shall serve to transfer from Mondaq to you, any Intellectual Property Rights owned by and/or licensed to Mondaq and all rights, title and interest in and to such Intellectual Property Rights will remain exclusively with Mondaq and/or its licensors.

Mondaq shall use its reasonable endeavours to make the Website and Services available to you at all times, but we cannot guarantee an uninterrupted and fault free service.

Mondaq reserves the right to make changes to the services and/or the Website or part thereof, from time to time, and we may add, remove, modify and/or vary any elements of features and functionalities of the Website or the services.

Mondaq also reserves the right from time to time to monitor your Use of the Website and/or services.


The Content is general information only. It is not intended to constitute legal advice or seek to be the complete and comprehensive statement of the law, nor is it intended to address your specific requirements or provide advice on which reliance should be placed. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the Content for any purpose. All Content provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers hereby exclude and disclaim all representations, warranties or guarantees with regard to the Content, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. To the maximum extent permitted by law, Mondaq expressly excludes all representations, warranties, obligations, and liabilities arising out of or in connection with all Content. In no event shall Mondaq and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use of the Content or performance of Mondaq’s Services.


Mondaq may alter or amend these Terms by amending them on the Website. By continuing to Use the Services and/or the Website after such amendment, you will be deemed to have accepted any amendment to these Terms.

These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of England and Wales and you irrevocably submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of England and Wales to settle any dispute which may arise out of or in connection with these Terms. If you live outside the United Kingdom, English law shall apply only to the extent that English law shall not deprive you of any legal protection accorded in accordance with the law of the place where you are habitually resident ("Local Law"). In the event English law deprives you of any legal protection which is accorded to you under Local Law, then these terms shall be governed by Local Law and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these Terms shall be subject to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the courts where you are habitually resident.

You may print and keep a copy of these Terms, which form the entire agreement between you and Mondaq and supersede any other communications or advertising in respect of the Service and/or the Website.

No delay in exercising or non-exercise by you and/or Mondaq of any of its rights under or in connection with these Terms shall operate as a waiver or release of each of your or Mondaq’s right. Rather, any such waiver or release must be specifically granted in writing signed by the party granting it.

If any part of these Terms is held unenforceable, that part shall be enforced to the maximum extent permissible so as to give effect to the intent of the parties, and the Terms shall continue in full force and effect.

Mondaq shall not incur any liability to you on account of any loss or damage resulting from any delay or failure to perform all or any part of these Terms if such delay or failure is caused, in whole or in part, by events, occurrences, or causes beyond the control of Mondaq. Such events, occurrences or causes will include, without limitation, acts of God, strikes, lockouts, server and network failure, riots, acts of war, earthquakes, fire and explosions.

By clicking Register you state you have read and agree to our Terms and Conditions