New laws have been introduced to combat corruption.
Corruption either involves the giving or taking of bribes or it
involves actions by officials abusing their position or power which
both damage the lawful interests of society or the state and are
aimed at obtaining profits (including valuables, property, property
services or property rights). It can be committed by companies
where the corrupt activities take place on their behalf or in their
Under the new laws, independent organisations are responsible
for ensuring that legal instruments and drafts do not contain any
State officials now face dismissal if they fail to report their
income, property and liabilities (and that of their spouse and
under-age children) or if they fail to report an attempt to corrupt
them. Conflicts of interest have also been banned and a mechanism
to resolve them introduced.
State officials also need to receive a good reference when
applying for new positions, and to disclose to new employers any
previous positions held in the public service within the previous
Separate legislation has also imposed a ban on state officials
receiving gifts in cash or in kind, except those up to RUR 3000 (c.
US$90) received at protocol events, official events or on official
business trips. All other gifts automatically become state
property. State officials may also buy back presents received on
The rules for state officials apply to anyone holding a
professional post in a federal state service or a regional state
civil service who is paid out of the federal or regional budget.
There is no public register of the names and positions of state
officials, although there is a publicly-available list of job
titles for state officials as well as confidential lists of civil
servants' names and other personal details kept by each state
From 1 July 2009, courts will also be required to be more
transparent about their activities. This includes posting on the
internet general information about the court, its structure and
powers as well as details of court rules, laws regulating its
activities and any instructions for keeping records of court
proceedings. Case information must also be published,
the title, subject and status of each matter
hearing dates and appeal procedures
transcripts of court orders immediately after being adopted
(except those relating to state security, adoption, sexual
offences, limiting legal capacity, compulsory psychiatric
hospitalisation, divorce and facts of legal significance such as
declaring a missing person deceased)
information on judicial vacancies, candidate requirements and
terms and conditions of application
information on court procurement
Law: Federal Law 273-FZ On Countermeasures against Corruption;
Federal Law 280-FZ On Access to Information on Court
Activities in the Russian Federation; Federal Law 79-FZ On the
State Civil Service
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