In August 2014, the RF Ministry of Economic Development held an
expert consultation on the Federal Customs Service (FCS) of Russia
Decree № 317 on Approval of the List of Customs Authorities
Performing Customs Operations and Customs Control with Respect to
Goods in Accordance with the FCS Russia Decree № 845 of April
22, 2011 of February 18, 2010 ("remote release"). The
meeting resulted in a decision to put together argumentation for
either the cancellation or amendment of the corresponding
"Remote release" involves the placement of goods in
the temporary warehouse of an "external" customs
authority at the place the customs border is crossed, while the
documents are filed and the goods processed at an
"internal" customs authority (for instance, at the place
of registration of the importer). The internal customs authority
conducts the document verification procedure, while other customs
control measures (such as customs inspections) are performed by the
external customs authority. Electronic communications between the
customs authorities involved in the customs processing are used to
reach a joint decision on the release of the goods. In this way,
the company makes the customs declaration for the goods through the
internal customs authority while the goods are physically at the
external customs authority.
Despite the obvious benefits of this procedure, there are a
number of nuances that impede or prevent use of the remote release
procedure. One such nuance is the approval by the FCS Russia of
"ties" between internal and external customs authorities.
For example, an importer may file documents for customs processing
at Obninsky Customs Post, Kaluga Customs (the internal customs
authority), and import goods only through Aleksandrovsky Customs
Post, Bryansk Customs (the external customs authority). The
business community considers the introduction of these ties to be
an attempt to force participants in foreign economic activities
into supply chains and logistical structures, as well as to
restrict the right of companies to choose customs authorities on
the basis of their business interests. This was the reason for the
meeting held by the RF Ministry of Economic Development, which is
an example of the authorities listening to the business
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