In early July, the lower chamber of the Russian Parliament
adopted a set of amendments (source document in
Russian) to the Federal Law "On Information, Information
Technologies and Protection of Information" ("Information
Law") and to the Federal Law "On Personal Data"
("Personal Data Law"). The draft legislation requires
further approvals as well as a signature by the Russian President.
The legislative changes could be in effect in September 2016. The
amendments to the Information Law provide that
"databases which are used for gathering, recording,
systemizing, accumulation, storage, updating and uploading of
personal data of the Russian citizens" must be located in
Russia. Furthermore, the Personal Data Law is amended to provide
that "an operator gathering personal data, including by
Internet, must ensure recording, systemizing, accumulation,
storage, updating and uploading of personal data of the Russian
citizens with the databases located on the territory of the Russian
Federation." No specific liability is introduced for failure
to comply with such requirements, hence the moderate administrative
fines that already exist in Russian law may be applied by the
Russian regulator against noncompliant data operators. The
Amendments were signed into law by President Putin on July 22,
2014. A more detailed summary of the Amendments is available in a
Jones Day Alert, "Russia Adopts Restrictive Changes to its Data
Privacy Law," July 2014.
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