Italy: 2019年三月的中意 "一带一路" 倡议谅解备忘录:具体背景和关键协定

Last Updated: 16 April 2019
Article by Arnone & Sicomo
Most Read Contributor in Italy, May 2019

 2019年中意"一带一路"倡议谅解备忘录:相关背景 

上个月中国国家主席习近平对意大利进行访问,并以中意"一带一路" 倡议谅解备忘录的签署而告终。在此之前大家都非常瞩目该备忘录,尤其是意大利和中国政府关于新丝绸之路的协议可能涉及200亿欧元的总价值。

中意"一带一路" 倡议谅解备忘录的签署使意大利成为加入新丝绸之路的第一个G7国家。

该协议由意大利副总理Luigi Di Maio迪马约和中国国家发展和改革委员会主席何立峰在Villa Madama签署。

2019年中意"一带一路"倡议谅解备忘录:十项"一带一路"战略合作内容 

中意签署协议中涵盖的战略合作方向包括了:

- 意大利储蓄和信贷国家基金Cassa depositi e prestiti与中国银行之间的战略合作。

- 意大利埃尼集团Eni与中国银行之间的战略合作。

- Ansaldo Energia与中国联合燃气轮机技术公司之间的技术合作。

- Ansaldo Energia为与本溪钢铁集团和上海电气轮机公司联合参与的本钢项目供应AE94.2K燃气轮机的合同。

- 意大利储蓄和信贷国家基金Cassa depositi e prestiti,意大利天然气公司Snam和丝路基金之间的谅解备忘录。Cassa Depositi e Prestiti将以人民币发行约6亿欧元的熊猫债券,直接或间接地为在中国的意大利公司的分支机构或子公司提供资金,从而支持其增长。所筹集的流动资金将通过中国的银行和在中国的意大利银行流向企业。

- Agenzia Ice与苏宁集团之间的的战略合作协议,通过创建一个综合平台,在中国宣传意大利生活方式。

- 开发意大利热那亚和的里雅斯特两个港口的合作协议,与中国政府建设巨头中国交通建设集团(CCCC)共同推进基础设施建设和与发展合作项目。

- 热那亚重建特别专员,西利古里亚海港口系统管理局与中国交通建设集团之间的合作协议。

- 圣保罗银行Intesa Sanpaolo与青岛市人民政府之间的谅解备忘录。

- 达涅利机械集团Danieli&C. Officine Meccaniche与中工国际在阿塞拜疆合建综合钢铁厂的协议。

2019年中意"一带一路"倡议谅解备忘录:十九项经贸合作协议 

除了上面提到的战略合作协议,谅解备忘录中还包括了19项经贸商业协议:

1. 丝绸之路的经济和海运发展;

2. 创新创业 – 促进意大利和中国的创新和技术企业创业。

该协议还包括促进科技园区、产业集群和风险资本投资的活动,让创新型初创企业具备国际发展的前景。

3. 电子商务– 促进在意大利和中国运营的电子商务企业之间的合作,促进中小企业与大型电子商务平台之间的合作。

4. 税收 – 同意取消所得税的双重征税并防止偷税和漏税。

5. 柑橘 – 关于从意大利向中国出口新鲜柑橘类水果的植物检疫要求和发展农业食品的议定书,其中有两项协议是向北京出口榛子和苜蓿,并立即对柑橘类水果开绿灯。

以航空运输代替海运,将加快作为意大利优质农产品代表的西西里红橙的出口,并将注定征服中国市场。

6. 文化遗传 – 关于防止盗窃,非法挖掘,进口,出口,贩运和非法运输文化遗产的备忘录。

7. 考古发现– 归还796件属于中国文化遗产的考古发现。

8. 卫生检疫 – 意大利卫生部与中国国家卫生委员会之间的协定书,允许意大利冷冻猪肉进入中国市场,以及出口检验、检疫和卫生要求的新协议。

9. 牛精子– 意大利卫生部与中国海关总署关于从意大利向中国出口牛精子的健康要求的议定书。

10. 政治咨

11. 联合国教科文组织遗址– 关于在联合国教科文组织世界遗产名录中登记的意大利和中国遗址的结对联合宣传、保护、了解、增值和利用的谅解备忘录。

12. 科学合作

13. 维罗纳-杭州姐妹城市– 维罗纳市和杭州市之间达成姐妹城市协议,以促进对各自的联合国教科文组织世界遗产名录中登记遗址的宣传、增值和利用。

14. 葡萄酒-水稻 结对 – 意大利皮耶特蒙省Langhe-Roero和Monferrato葡萄酒区景观遗产协会和云南红河哈尼水稻梯田文化景观遗产委员会之间达成结对,以促进宣传、增值和利用相关的意大利和中国教科文组织世界遗产。

受到众人支持创建的第一个在线指南"中国菜遇见意大利葡萄酒",以中文和英文双语制作,就是完全致力于这种特殊的食物配对:一边是中式的传统菜或现代菜,另边是我们亚平宁半岛的葡萄酒。

15. 意大利空间机构与中国国家空间管理局之间关于"中国地震 - 电磁卫星02"(Cses-02)任务的合作。

16. 电台和电视 – 意大利国家广播和电视台与中国传媒集团之间的谅解备忘录。

17. 传媒 – 意大利国家联合新闻社Ansa与新华社之间的合作。

18. 研究– ToChina Hub、中国全球慈善研究所与中国发展研究基金会之间的合作协议。

还应该指出的是,卫生研究院与上海医院发展中心签署了一份科学合作备忘录,旨在建立公共卫生和研究部门的全球科学卓越联盟。

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