Italy: Guide To Dual Citizenship In Italy

Last Updated: 6 July 2017
Article by Calogero Boccadutri

Dual citizenship in Italy

The status of "dual citizenship" is advised for those who, whilst they have transferred their interests abroad, do not intend to cut off the umbilical cord with their Mother Land, even in view of a potential return.

Dual citizenship is a possibility that those who wish to move abroad ought to take into consideration. In Italy, they have decided to encourage the integration of foreigners, and, in turn to agree to the integration of Italians abroad, without necessarily renouncing their judicial obligations in the country of origin.

Italian citizenship has been regulated by law 91 of the 5th of February 1992, which allows Italian citizens to gain the citizenship of their foreign country of residence without losing their Italian one and agrees to foreign citizens keeping their own nationality whilst acquiring their Italian one, in cases in which it is encouraged in their countries as well.

It has also been underlined how, those who gain citizenship of a European Union member state automatically become citizens of the EU.

The Strasbourg Convention

In Europe, in 1963, the Strasbourg Convention was ratified. It opposed plural citizenships and determined military service obligations for citizens with more than one nationality.
Italy had signed it in 1966, to then officially repudiate it in 2009, while remaining a signatory, thereby recognising the need for guaranteeing obligations on military service in countries that mandate it.
The same convention was modified on two occasions, in 1977 and 1993, when the right to hold dual citizenship was established. Beyond just Italy, all of Germany, Sweden, France, Luxembourg and Belgium officially rejected the convention. From 1963 until today, it has passed from a refusal of multiple citizenships to a general acceptance in the name of coherence given that times change.

Yet different states, not just those outside of Europe, are continuing to veto the possibility of holding citizenship from a country of origin while citizenship has been requested in the country in which the citizen resides.

It is one or the other.

The States that allow double citizenship

In the list of states in which, as of today, it is not possible to have reciprocity with Italy regarding citizenship, there are relatively unexpected names, such as Spain, Ireland, Iceland and Norway.
You may also be shocked to meet cases such as Belorussia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan and Ukraine. The others, more or less understandably, are: Andorra, Bolivia, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, The People's Republic of China, The Democratic Republic of the Congo, French Congo, South Korea, the Ivory Coast, Cuba, The United Arab Emirates, Ethiopia, The Philippines, Gabon, Ghana, Japan, Djibouti, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kenya, Kuwait, Liberia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, Sri Lanka, South Africa, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, Venezuela and Zambia.

In some countries, reform is underway and they are not known to be leaving the list.

States such as Brazil, Ecuador, the Netherlands and the Czech Republic, do not exclude the possibility of dual passports but these are exceptional cases.

For Cubans it is possible to have dual citizenship, but while they may be in the second country, the second citizenship has no legal worth.

In the absence of agreements with these countries, the citizens who gain Italian citizenship lose their own and Italian citizens stop being Italian in the same way.

An opportunity for Britons to stay in Europe after Brexit

Gaining dual British/Italian citizenship would allow citizens resident in Italy to face up to Great Britain's definitive exit from the European Union in the least traumatic way possible, not yet having a full knowledge of the evolution of the situation in their country of origin.

After Brexit, many British people, resident abroad, have chosen to request dual citizenship to avoid getting caught up in the problems of marriages between one country and the other.

Both Great Britain and Italy allow their citizens to hold dual citizenship. Gaining it is not completely straightforward, but it is not impossible, either.

It having been verified, therefore, that there is no obstacle to British citizens acquiring dual citizenship, it being agreed to by both countries, other fundamental requirements need to be borne in mind.

Those who can obtain Italian citizenship

Italian citizenship is a status that privileges the principle of "Jus sanguinis", the right of blood, according to which the child of at least one Italian parent must be an Italian citizen.
This excludes those born in Italy to foreign parents, even if the principle of "Jus soli" could be accepted as a condition for obtaining citizenship if the proposal being discussed in parliament is converted into law.
One of the most common ways to gain Italian citizenship is to be resident in Italy for at least ten years. Alternatively, you can also gain it by getting married to an Italian citizen or being adopted by Italian citizens.

How to request dual citizenship

The request is carried out online by producing a series of self-certified documents (state of family origin, date of initial entrance into Italy...), plus those proving your identity at birth (or the eventual change of second name after marriage) and the residence permit.
One important factor is demonstrating, through a particular certificate, that you do not have a criminal record.
All the documents, not presented with self-certification, will be translated and approved by the Italian diplomatic-consular in the UK.

If Italian citizenship were requested for "Jus sanguinis" the citizenship of the parent or direct descendent (up to once removed), would need to be proven. If it were requested by invoking, as a reason, service to the Italian state, even if abroad, documentation showing this would have to be presented, since being adopted by Italians would need to be proven if this were the supporting motive for the request for dual citizenship.

The Prefecture, after a debate with the Police Headquarters, presented the documents to the Ministry of the Interior, in turn supported by the opinion of the State Council.
When the practice is accepted, the Ministry of the Interior issues the measure certifying the concession of Italian citizenship and makes it known to the Prefecture.
From the Prefecture, communication comes to the residence commune of the person who made the request. The decree of concession for Italian citizenship must be notified to the person in question within ninety days of the reception of the request on the part of the Prefecture.
Once the new Italian citizen has received the admission decree, they must present themselves, within six months of the notification date, to the Residency Commune in order to be able to make the oath of fidelity to the Italian Republic.

If the person in question does not respect the peremptory term of six months, the decree of concession for citizenship loses its effect.

Boccadutri International Law Firm evaluates solutions adapted to all types of necessity, whether it is to do with second citizenship or residency permits. Our law firm's identity allows us to support you in your mother tongue. Do not hesitate to contact us for a consultation in Immigration Law.

Contact our lawyers by filling in the online application form here.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Similar Articles
Relevancy Powered by MondaqAI
Giambrone & Partners
Boccadutri International Law Firm
Some comments from our readers…
“The articles are extremely timely and highly applicable”
“I often find critical information not available elsewhere”
“As in-house counsel, Mondaq’s service is of great value”

Related Topics
Similar Articles
Relevancy Powered by MondaqAI
Giambrone & Partners
Boccadutri International Law Firm
Related Articles
Related Video
Up-coming Events Search
Font Size:
Mondaq on Twitter
Mondaq Free Registration
Gain access to Mondaq global archive of over 375,000 articles covering 200 countries with a personalised News Alert and automatic login on this device.
Mondaq News Alert (some suggested topics and region)
Select Topics
Registration (please scroll down to set your data preferences)

Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including your content preferences, for three primary purposes (full details of Mondaq’s use of your personal data can be found in our Privacy and Cookies Notice):

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting to show content ("Content") relevant to your interests.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, news alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our content providers ("Contributors") who contribute Content for free for your use.

Mondaq hopes that our registered users will support us in maintaining our free to view business model by consenting to our use of your personal data as described below.

Mondaq has a "free to view" business model. Our services are paid for by Contributors in exchange for Mondaq providing them with access to information about who accesses their content. Once personal data is transferred to our Contributors they become a data controller of this personal data. They use it to measure the response that their articles are receiving, as a form of market research. They may also use it to provide Mondaq users with information about their products and services.

Details of each Contributor to which your personal data will be transferred is clearly stated within the Content that you access. For full details of how this Contributor will use your personal data, you should review the Contributor’s own Privacy Notice.

Please indicate your preference below:

Yes, I am happy to support Mondaq in maintaining its free to view business model by agreeing to allow Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors whose Content I access
No, I do not want Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors

Also please let us know whether you are happy to receive communications promoting products and services offered by Mondaq:

Yes, I am happy to received promotional communications from Mondaq
No, please do not send me promotional communications from Mondaq
Terms & Conditions (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd (Mondaq). Mondaq grants you a non-exclusive, revocable licence to access the Website and associated services, such as the Mondaq News Alerts (Services), subject to and in consideration of your compliance with the following terms and conditions of use (Terms). Your use of the Website and/or Services constitutes your agreement to the Terms. Mondaq may terminate your use of the Website and Services if you are in breach of these Terms or if Mondaq decides to terminate the licence granted hereunder for any reason whatsoever.

Use of

To Use you must be: eighteen (18) years old or over; legally capable of entering into binding contracts; and not in any way prohibited by the applicable law to enter into these Terms in the jurisdiction which you are currently located.

You may use the Website as an unregistered user, however, you are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the Content or to receive the Services.

You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these Terms or with the prior written consent of Mondaq. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information from the Content. Nor shall you extract information about users or Contributors in order to offer them any services or products.

In your use of the Website and/or Services you shall: comply with all applicable laws, regulations, directives and legislations which apply to your Use of the Website and/or Services in whatever country you are physically located including without limitation any and all consumer law, export control laws and regulations; provide to us true, correct and accurate information and promptly inform us in the event that any information that you have provided to us changes or becomes inaccurate; notify Mondaq immediately of any circumstances where you have reason to believe that any Intellectual Property Rights or any other rights of any third party may have been infringed; co-operate with reasonable security or other checks or requests for information made by Mondaq from time to time; and at all times be fully liable for the breach of any of these Terms by a third party using your login details to access the Website and/or Services

however, you shall not: do anything likely to impair, interfere with or damage or cause harm or distress to any persons, or the network; do anything that will infringe any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights of Mondaq or any third party; or use the Website, Services and/or Content otherwise than in accordance with these Terms; use any trade marks or service marks of Mondaq or the Contributors, or do anything which may be seen to take unfair advantage of the reputation and goodwill of Mondaq or the Contributors, or the Website, Services and/or Content.

Mondaq reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to take any action that it deems necessary and appropriate in the event it considers that there is a breach or threatened breach of the Terms.

Mondaq’s Rights and Obligations

Unless otherwise expressly set out to the contrary, nothing in these Terms shall serve to transfer from Mondaq to you, any Intellectual Property Rights owned by and/or licensed to Mondaq and all rights, title and interest in and to such Intellectual Property Rights will remain exclusively with Mondaq and/or its licensors.

Mondaq shall use its reasonable endeavours to make the Website and Services available to you at all times, but we cannot guarantee an uninterrupted and fault free service.

Mondaq reserves the right to make changes to the services and/or the Website or part thereof, from time to time, and we may add, remove, modify and/or vary any elements of features and functionalities of the Website or the services.

Mondaq also reserves the right from time to time to monitor your Use of the Website and/or services.


The Content is general information only. It is not intended to constitute legal advice or seek to be the complete and comprehensive statement of the law, nor is it intended to address your specific requirements or provide advice on which reliance should be placed. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the Content for any purpose. All Content provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers hereby exclude and disclaim all representations, warranties or guarantees with regard to the Content, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. To the maximum extent permitted by law, Mondaq expressly excludes all representations, warranties, obligations, and liabilities arising out of or in connection with all Content. In no event shall Mondaq and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use of the Content or performance of Mondaq’s Services.


Mondaq may alter or amend these Terms by amending them on the Website. By continuing to Use the Services and/or the Website after such amendment, you will be deemed to have accepted any amendment to these Terms.

These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of England and Wales and you irrevocably submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of England and Wales to settle any dispute which may arise out of or in connection with these Terms. If you live outside the United Kingdom, English law shall apply only to the extent that English law shall not deprive you of any legal protection accorded in accordance with the law of the place where you are habitually resident ("Local Law"). In the event English law deprives you of any legal protection which is accorded to you under Local Law, then these terms shall be governed by Local Law and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these Terms shall be subject to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the courts where you are habitually resident.

You may print and keep a copy of these Terms, which form the entire agreement between you and Mondaq and supersede any other communications or advertising in respect of the Service and/or the Website.

No delay in exercising or non-exercise by you and/or Mondaq of any of its rights under or in connection with these Terms shall operate as a waiver or release of each of your or Mondaq’s right. Rather, any such waiver or release must be specifically granted in writing signed by the party granting it.

If any part of these Terms is held unenforceable, that part shall be enforced to the maximum extent permissible so as to give effect to the intent of the parties, and the Terms shall continue in full force and effect.

Mondaq shall not incur any liability to you on account of any loss or damage resulting from any delay or failure to perform all or any part of these Terms if such delay or failure is caused, in whole or in part, by events, occurrences, or causes beyond the control of Mondaq. Such events, occurrences or causes will include, without limitation, acts of God, strikes, lockouts, server and network failure, riots, acts of war, earthquakes, fire and explosions.

By clicking Register you state you have read and agree to our Terms and Conditions