On June 13, 2016, the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir was
granted the Geographical Indication Certificate for its famous
Kashmiri Hand Knotted Carpet. The present GI certificate was given
by Geographical Indication Registry, Chennai. Kashmiri Hand Knotted
Carpets as quite famous around the globe, and are prepared through
a special way of weaving known as 'Taleem'. The application
for GI certificate on Kashmiri Carpet was filled by Meeras Carpet
Weavers' Industrial Cooperative Ltd., the society created by
Kashmir Chamber of Commerce & Industry (hereinafter referred as
As per the GI application, the history of Kashmiri carpet dates
back to the period of the famous Sufi Saint and scholar, Hazrat Mir
Syed Ali Hamdani (1341‐ 1385 AD) of Persia. When he came to
Kashmir, he brought a few skilled artists with him and laid the
base for the cottage industries in the Kashmir valley. During the
period of Zain‐ul‐ Abadin (1420‐ 1470 A.D), a
Sultan of Kashmir carpets from Kashmir started winning fame in far
regions and it has been recorded as a great period in the history
of carpets in Kashmir.
There is yet no historical evidence which can confirm the
addition of Taleem to carpets. But, Taleem was used earlier in
waving of Kani Shawls, and some people believe that when the demand
for carpets increased and Kani Shawl was on the decline, shawl
weavers took taleem to carpets.
Kashmiri carpets are very similar to Iranian carpets, and thus
it was quite difficult to obtain GI certificate on Kashmiri carpet
but, the said GI certificate was obtained on the basis of the fact
that, in no other place than Kashmir, weavers use a written set of
codes and symbols for design patterns and colors.
Taleem, a coded color chart, is the manner followed by the
weaver of Kashmir, indicating the number of knots to be woven in
their respective colors. The colors and numbers of knots to be
woven are indicated by signs. Weaving by Taleem technique is
considered to be more accurate and fault free as compared to
weaving through the graphic method.
Indian Institute of Carpet Technology was also a stakeholder in
developing the value of Kashmiri carpets. Mr. Zubair Ahmad Mir,
director, Indian Institute of Carpet Technology, said 'Our
role will be to test these products so as to make them qualify for
The present GI also accompany a logo
with it. Presence of this logo will ensure that the carpet is the
original Kashmiri Hand Knotted Carpet.
The Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir is famous for its rich
heritage of handicraft and the state owns many GI certificates. A
list of GI certificates owned by Jammu & Kashmir is given blow
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