France considers the agreement that
will result from COP 21 in Paris as an essential part of the fight
against the climate change. The French state attaches a particular
importance to this agreement by reiterating several times that such
an agreement could only be binding. France also distinguishes
itself for its will to reach a universal agreement that involves
both the most developed countries and the developing economies. For
Paris and for France, COP 21 has particular importance.
It is considered that the main principles flowing from the COP 21
will directly influence the climate challenges France is facing.
Indeed, although France is located in temperate zone, an increase
of temperature will have a medium-term influence on three important
areas for the country.
Global warming will influence
significantly the health sector, especially with regards to the
development of vegetation which provokes allergies and asthma, but
also with regards to the arrival in France of the Tiger mosquito
and the tropical diseases that it carries with it.
An increase in temperature would
also have a direct negative impact on agriculture and more
specifically on the wine sector, which is particularly important in
France. France actually fears that a deterioration of the wine
quality would result from a lack of an agreement.
Finally, France attaches importance
to the success of the COP 21 with regards to the effects that the
lack of an agreement would have on its nuclear power capacity. The
increase of water temperature would limit the cooling capacity of
reactors and slow the cycle for electricity production.
perspectives. Beyond the importance of success of the COP
21 in terms of consequences on France's climate, being the host
country also leads the state to consider the COP 21 as a great
lever for its diplomacy. The choice in appointing the Foreign
Affairs Minister to preside over the COP 21 instead of leaving
this role to the Environment Minister has to be understood in this
Thus, the French President,
François Hollande, intends to give a leading role to France.
He recently stated that he expected from the COP 21 that the
parties adopt a "declaration for the rights of humanity to
preserve the planet."
Under such a perspective, France acted
as an example during the COP 21. As such, it has given itself a
strong tool in environmental policy by adopting the comprehensive
Energy Transition Act last August.
As a host of the COP 21, the city of Paris intended to play as well
an exemplary role, especially in terms of accommodation, transport
and catering of participants, while minimizing their environmental
Beyond that, the organization of the
COP 21 in Paris was, for Mayor Anne Hidalgo, a unique tool for
developing the local economy and promoting the environmental
activism of this city.
A summit bringing together the elected
representatives of cities located all over the world was held in
conjunction with the COP 21. It left the opportunity for local
elected representatives to define the leading role they intended to
play in the fight against global warming.
The organization of the COP 21 in
Paris also highlighted innovative solutions already implemented or
to be implemented in the capital city for energy transition. In
anticipation of the start of the COP 21, Anne Hidalgo recently made
two important announcements: in early 2016, all of the municipal
buildings and street lightings of the capital city will be powered
by 100 percent renewable electricity; and the city of Paris also
announced the subscription of a 300 million euros debt to finance
the fight against the reduction of greenhouse gases.
Last but not least, the effervescence
linked to the presence of the COP 21 in Paris would create
professional opportunities for Parisian youth, especially for those
from Seine Saint Denis where the meetings were held.
In consideration of the issues that
the COP 21 represented for the French government and the city of
Paris, both implemented a strong policy of communication through
social media, trying to involve citizens in the fight against
climate change over the long term and in short term perspective, in
the preparation of the COP 21.
The content of this article is intended to provide a general
guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought
about your specific circumstances.
To print this article, all you need is to be registered on Mondaq.com.
Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.
A new Spanish Law on air pollution has been published and is
likely to lead to increasingly strict controls on air emissions
for many sectors.
Some comments from our readers… “The articles are extremely timely and highly applicable” “I often find critical information not available elsewhere” “As in-house counsel, Mondaq’s service is of great value”
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).