The Federal Constitution grants citizens power to gain access to information about them in public and private databases.
A ruling by the Civil Court of Appeals ordered search engines Google and Yahoo! to pay damages for unauthorized use of actress’s image in search engine results.
The renewal of the annual registration is not necessary for those databases which represent low impact.
Brazil does not have a specific law for data protection, but there are general principles and provisions in other laws.
Information is considered as any type of data, regardless of its format, which can be used for producing and transmitting knowledge.
Chile has enacted laws and regulations for the protection of personal data applicable to public and private databases.
In Columbia, the right to protect, collect, update and rectify personal data in files is enshrined in the Constitution.
The development of personal data privacy regulation in Costa Rica is divided between two laws - Laws No. 7975 & No. 8968.
On 7 September 2011, the Executive in Costa Rica published Law No. 8968 on the Protection of the Person concerning the Treatment of Personal Data (the "Act").
Personal Data Protection is regulated in the Constitution, Article 109, Decree 62-2004 and Article 3.5, Decree 170-2006.
The Law on Protection of Personal Data held by Private Parties was enacted, with Regulations, Guidelines and Parameters.
The long awaited Personal Data Protection Rules (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Protección de Datos Personales en Posesión de los Particulares, the "Rules") were finally issued on December 19, 2010 and published by executive decree of Felipe Calderon, President of Mexico, on December 21, 2011.
Mexico’s Department of the Interior has announced that the country’s new Federal Law for Protection of Personal Data held by Private Persons (Ley Federal de Protección de Datos Personales en Posesión de los Particulares, "LFPDP" or the "Act") came into effect on July 6, 2010.
Since the enactment of the Federal Constitution in 1917, the post government administrations show no particular interest to implement neither a formal nor a comprehensive legislation and policies, regarding the protection of Personal Data of the citizens in Mexico.
Panama has taken steps to regulate electronic data protection and internet commerce but this remains a work in progress.
The Data Protection Act Law No.18.331 with the Decree No. 414/009 regulate personal data protection in Uruguay.