Comparative Guides
Welcome to Mondaq Comparative Guides - your comparative global Q&A guide.
Our Comparative Guides provide an overview of some of the key points of law and practice and allow you to compare regulatory environments and laws across multiple jurisdictions.
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Results: 4 Answers
Labour and Employment
4.
Discrimination and harassment
4.1
What actions are classified as unlawfully discriminatory?
 
Cyprus
Discrimination in employment, including harassment at work, is illegal under various legislative statutes, including:

  • Law 3/1968 ratifying the Convention Relating to Discrimination (Occupation and Profession) of 1958;
  • the Equal Treatment at Work and Employment Law of 2004;
  • the Law on Equal Pay for the Same or Equal Work of 2002;
  • the Part-Time Employees (Prohibition of Discrimination) Law of 2002;
  • the Equal Treatment of Persons Regardless of Racial or Ethnic Origins Law of 2004;
  • the Equal Treatment of Men and Women at Work and Professional Training Law of 2002; and
  • the Persons with Disabilities Law of 2000.

The grounds of discrimination regulated by these laws include gender, community, language, colour, religion, political or other beliefs, age, sexual orientation, nationality, racial or ethnic origin, and disability.

For more information about this answer please contact: Yiannis Karamanolis from Dr. K. Chrysostomides & Co LLC
4.2
Are there specified groups or classifications entitled to protection?
 
Cyprus
Protected categories include all private and public sector employees.

For more information about this answer please contact: Yiannis Karamanolis from Dr. K. Chrysostomides & Co LLC
4.3
What protections are employed against discrimination in the workforce?
 
Cyprus
Apart from discrimination on the grounds referred to in question 4.1, the laws of Cyprus specifically prohibit any unequal payment on grounds of sex, the disproportionate treatment of part-time and fixed-term workers and any sexual harassment.

For more information about this answer please contact: Yiannis Karamanolis from Dr. K. Chrysostomides & Co LLC
4.4
How is a discrimination claim processed?
 
Cyprus
Employees may enforce their rights by filing:

  • a complaint to the competent authorities and to the police authorities requesting criminal prosecution of the wrongdoer; or
  • a civil legal action before the Industrial Disputes Tribunal.

If the employee proves the existence of indications of discrimination on one of the prohibited grounds, the onus is on the employer to prove that no discrimination has occurred.

For more information about this answer please contact: Yiannis Karamanolis from Dr. K. Chrysostomides & Co LLC
4.5
What remedies are available?
 
Cyprus
Apart from filing a complaint to the competent authorities, any employee who is discriminated against may file a claim requesting compensation for any damage sustained because of the illegal behaviour.

For more information about this answer please contact: Yiannis Karamanolis from Dr. K. Chrysostomides & Co LLC
4.6
What protections and remedies are available against harassment, bullying and retaliation/victimisation?
 
Cyprus
The protections and remedies available against harassment and bullying are the same as those described in questions 4.3 and 4.5.

Retaliation/victimisation is also strictly prohibited under Section 10 of the Law on Equal Treatment at Work and Employment (58(I)/2004), and affected employees may also file civil claims for damages against the wrongdoers and/or complaints for their criminal prosecution.

For more information about this answer please contact: Yiannis Karamanolis from Dr. K. Chrysostomides & Co LLC