China: PRC Labour Law Update – What Is New In 2017? (Chinese)

Last Updated: 2 February 2017
Article by Richard Bell and Victor Yang

简介

2017年1月1日,根据中华人民共和国劳动法起草的两套新规定正式生效:

  1. 《重大劳动保障违法行为社会公布办法》 (以下简称《公布办法》)
  2. 《企业劳动保障守法诚信等级评价办法》(以下简称《评价办法》)

这两套新规定旨在全面改善各行业劳动者的劳动保障。下文将讨论这些规定的影响。

主要内容

一.《重大劳动保障违法行为社会公布办法》

《公布办法》由人力资源和社会保障部(英文简称MHRSS)监管,对严重违反中华人民共和国劳动法的用人单位进行点名和曝光。《公布办法》列出七类重大劳动保障违法行为,包括:

  1. 克扣、无故拖欠劳动者劳动报酬,数额较大的;拒不支付劳动报酬,依法移送司法机关追究刑事责任的;
  2. 不依法参加社会保险或者不依法缴纳社会保险费,情节严重的;
  3. 违反工作时间和休息休假规定,情节严重的;
  4. 违反女职工和未成年工特殊劳动保护规定,情节严重的;
  5. 违反禁止使用童工规定的;
  6. 因劳动保障违法行为造成严重不良社会影响的;
  7. 其他重大劳动保障违法行为。

《公布办法》明确,向社会公布重大劳动保障违法行为,应当列明下列事项:

  1. 违法主体全称;
  2. 用人单位的统一社会信用代码(或者注册号)及注册地址
  3. 用人单位的法定代表人或者负责人姓名;
  4. 主要违法事实; 以及
  5. 相关处理情况。

但涉及国家秘密、商业秘密以及个人隐私的信息不得公布。

就公布途径和频次,《公布办法》明确,应当在人社行政部门门户网站公布,并在本行政区域主要报刊、电视等媒体予以公布。地市级、县级人社行政部门对本辖区发生的重大劳动保障违法行为每季度向社会公布一次,人社部和省级人社行政部门每半年向社会公布一次重大劳动保障违法行为。

二.《企业劳动保障守法诚信等级评价办法》

《评分办法》同样由人力资源和社会保障部门监管,是对用人单位遵守劳动法的情况进行评价的一套评分系统。该《评分办法》将基于以下9个标准进行评分:

  1. 制定内部劳动保障规章制度的情况;
  2. 与劳动者订立劳动合同的情况;
  3. 遵守劳务派遣规定的情况;
  4. 遵守禁止使用童工规定的情况;
  5. 遵守女职工和未成年工特殊劳动保护规定的情况;
  6. 遵守工作时间和休息休假规定的情况;
  7. 支付劳动者工资和执行最低工资标准的情况;
  8. 参加各项社会保险和缴纳社会保险费的情况;
  9. 其他遵守劳动保障法律、法规和规章的情况。

根据这些标准,对用人单位给出A、B、C三个等级的评分。不同的评分最终也将构成对于用人单位不同程度的监督管理。对A级用人单位,人力资源社会保障行政部门将减少劳动保障监察日常巡视检查频次;对B级用人单位,增加劳动保障监察日常巡视检查频次,直至其改正任何违法行为;对C级用人单位,将列入劳动保障监察重点对象,强化劳动保障监察日常巡视检查直至其改正所有违法行为。同时,对于C级用人单位,人力资源社会保障行政部门也将对其主要负责人(如法定代表人、首席执行官或总经理)进行约谈,敦促其采取必要的改正措施以遵守劳动保障法律、法规和规章。

企业劳动保障守法诚信等级评价情况将以适当方式告知用人单位,并归入企业劳动保障守法诚信档案。今后,人社部门将与工商、金融、住房城乡建设、税务等部门和工会组织建立信用信息交换共享机制,对企业实行守信联合激励和失信联合惩戒。

简评

这些新规定旨在通过对违反法律的用人单位进行"点名和曝光",并且根据用人单位遵守法律的程度来评级,以确保用人单位遵守中国劳动法和法规。

《公布办法》和《评价办法》有一个共同的特征就是他们的措辞过于笼统,不够规范。举例来说,在《公布办法》中,并没有明确说明何为"严重违法"。"严重违法"是指一次重大的违法行为(如违反健康和安全的标准而导致的火灾)还是指一系列小的违法行为(如不完整的劳动合同)呢?因此,很难预测这些法规将产生多大的影响。用人单位只能持观望态度,根据人社部对法规的实际应用情况来调整内部政策。

根据即将实施的新规定,建议用人单位应确保:

  1. 拥有一套完善的内部规章制度,且已分发给所有雇员;
  2. 所有劳动合同均正确签署,员工手册已更新。用人单位还应确保员工手册的最新版本已分发给所有雇员并有雇员签名;
  3. 如果雇员通过劳务派遣机构聘用,确保该劳务派遣机构的文件正常有序且根据法规实时更新;
  4. 符合劳动法的规定,特别是针对:
    1. 妇女和儿童;
    2. 工作时间,休息和休假;
    3. 最低工资(特别是通常会以最低工资雇佣年轻员工的零售业和餐饮业)
  5. 雇员的工资单正确且所有按照规定应该支付的权益和福利已全部支付;
  6. 按时缴纳社会保险费用。

诚然,防患于未然比亡羊补牢更为重要。只要用人单位确保内务正常有序,且完全遵守劳动法的相关规定,就不必担心《公布办法》和《评价办法》会带来任何影响。

PRC Labour Law Update – What Is New In 2017? (Chinese)

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on Mondaq.com.

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Authors
 
Some comments from our readers…
“The articles are extremely timely and highly applicable”
“I often find critical information not available elsewhere”
“As in-house counsel, Mondaq’s service is of great value”

Up-coming Events Search
Tools
Print
Font Size:
Translation
Channels
Mondaq on Twitter
 
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).
 
Email Address
Company Name
Password
Confirm Password
Position
Mondaq Topics -- Select your Interests
 Accounting
 Anti-trust
 Commercial
 Compliance
 Consumer
 Criminal
 Employment
 Energy
 Environment
 Family
 Finance
 Government
 Healthcare
 Immigration
 Insolvency
 Insurance
 International
 IP
 Law Performance
 Law Practice
 Litigation
 Media & IT
 Privacy
 Real Estate
 Strategy
 Tax
 Technology
 Transport
 Wealth Mgt
Regions
Africa
Asia
Asia Pacific
Australasia
Canada
Caribbean
Europe
European Union
Latin America
Middle East
U.K.
United States
Worldwide Updates
Check to state you have read and
agree to our Terms and Conditions

Terms & Conditions and Privacy Statement

Mondaq.com (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd and as a user you are granted a non-exclusive, revocable license to access the Website under its terms and conditions of use. Your use of the Website constitutes your agreement to the following terms and conditions of use. Mondaq Ltd may terminate your use of the Website if you are in breach of these terms and conditions or if Mondaq Ltd decides to terminate your license of use for whatever reason.

Use of www.mondaq.com

You may use the Website but are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the content and articles available (the Content). You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these terms & conditions or with the prior written consent of Mondaq Ltd. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information about Mondaq.com’s content, users or contributors in order to offer them any services or products which compete directly or indirectly with Mondaq Ltd’s services and products.

Disclaimer

Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the documents and related graphics published on this server for any purpose. All such documents and related graphics are provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers hereby disclaim all warranties and conditions with regard to this information, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. In no event shall Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information available from this server.

The documents and related graphics published on this server could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically added to the information herein. Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described herein at any time.

Registration

Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including what sort of information you are interested in, for three primary purposes:

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, newsletter alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our information providers who provide information free for your use.

Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) do not sell or provide your details to third parties other than information providers. The reason we provide our information providers with this information is so that they can measure the response their articles are receiving and provide you with information about their products and services.

If you do not want us to provide your name and email address you may opt out by clicking here .

If you do not wish to receive any future announcements of products and services offered by Mondaq by clicking here .

Information Collection and Use

We require site users to register with Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to view the free information on the site. We also collect information from our users at several different points on the websites: this is so that we can customise the sites according to individual usage, provide 'session-aware' functionality, and ensure that content is acquired and developed appropriately. This gives us an overall picture of our user profiles, which in turn shows to our Editorial Contributors the type of person they are reaching by posting articles on Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) – meaning more free content for registered users.

We are only able to provide the material on the Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) site free to site visitors because we can pass on information about the pages that users are viewing and the personal information users provide to us (e.g. email addresses) to reputable contributing firms such as law firms who author those pages. We do not sell or rent information to anyone else other than the authors of those pages, who may change from time to time. Should you wish us not to disclose your details to any of these parties, please tick the box above or tick the box marked "Opt out of Registration Information Disclosure" on the Your Profile page. We and our author organisations may only contact you via email or other means if you allow us to do so. Users can opt out of contact when they register on the site, or send an email to unsubscribe@mondaq.com with “no disclosure” in the subject heading

Mondaq News Alerts

In order to receive Mondaq News Alerts, users have to complete a separate registration form. This is a personalised service where users choose regions and topics of interest and we send it only to those users who have requested it. Users can stop receiving these Alerts by going to the Mondaq News Alerts page and deselecting all interest areas. In the same way users can amend their personal preferences to add or remove subject areas.

Cookies

A cookie is a small text file written to a user’s hard drive that contains an identifying user number. The cookies do not contain any personal information about users. We use the cookie so users do not have to log in every time they use the service and the cookie will automatically expire if you do not visit the Mondaq website (or its affiliate sites) for 12 months. We also use the cookie to personalise a user's experience of the site (for example to show information specific to a user's region). As the Mondaq sites are fully personalised and cookies are essential to its core technology the site will function unpredictably with browsers that do not support cookies - or where cookies are disabled (in these circumstances we advise you to attempt to locate the information you require elsewhere on the web). However if you are concerned about the presence of a Mondaq cookie on your machine you can also choose to expire the cookie immediately (remove it) by selecting the 'Log Off' menu option as the last thing you do when you use the site.

Some of our business partners may use cookies on our site (for example, advertisers). However, we have no access to or control over these cookies and we are not aware of any at present that do so.

Log Files

We use IP addresses to analyse trends, administer the site, track movement, and gather broad demographic information for aggregate use. IP addresses are not linked to personally identifiable information.

Links

This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that Mondaq (or its affiliate sites) are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of these third party sites. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this Web site.

Surveys & Contests

From time-to-time our site requests information from users via surveys or contests. Participation in these surveys or contests is completely voluntary and the user therefore has a choice whether or not to disclose any information requested. Information requested may include contact information (such as name and delivery address), and demographic information (such as postcode, age level). Contact information will be used to notify the winners and award prizes. Survey information will be used for purposes of monitoring or improving the functionality of the site.

Mail-A-Friend

If a user elects to use our referral service for informing a friend about our site, we ask them for the friend’s name and email address. Mondaq stores this information and may contact the friend to invite them to register with Mondaq, but they will not be contacted more than once. The friend may contact Mondaq to request the removal of this information from our database.

Emails

From time to time Mondaq may send you emails promoting Mondaq services including new services. You may opt out of receiving such emails by clicking below.

*** If you do not wish to receive any future announcements of services offered by Mondaq you may opt out by clicking here .

Security

This website takes every reasonable precaution to protect our users’ information. When users submit sensitive information via the website, your information is protected using firewalls and other security technology. If you have any questions about the security at our website, you can send an email to webmaster@mondaq.com.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user’s personally identifiable information changes (such as postcode), or if a user no longer desires our service, we will endeavour to provide a way to correct, update or remove that user’s personal data provided to us. This can usually be done at the “Your Profile” page or by sending an email to EditorialAdvisor@mondaq.com.

Notification of Changes

If we decide to change our Terms & Conditions or Privacy Policy, we will post those changes on our site so our users are always aware of what information we collect, how we use it, and under what circumstances, if any, we disclose it. If at any point we decide to use personally identifiable information in a manner different from that stated at the time it was collected, we will notify users by way of an email. Users will have a choice as to whether or not we use their information in this different manner. We will use information in accordance with the privacy policy under which the information was collected.

How to contact Mondaq

You can contact us with comments or queries at enquiries@mondaq.com.

If for some reason you believe Mondaq Ltd. has not adhered to these principles, please notify us by e-mail at problems@mondaq.com and we will use commercially reasonable efforts to determine and correct the problem promptly.