Canada: 在加拿大成立企业的五个步骤

Last Updated: February 12 2019
Article by Gary Hokkanen

在加拿大成立企业的过程是简单的,但与任何其他的过程一样,企业均需了解和遵守条规,以保持合规。

对于那些想要投资海外的企业而言,加拿大是个具有吸引力的市场,因该国拥有丰富的资源,且政治环境也稳定。以下是在加拿大成立企业的五个步骤:

1. 决定名字

要在加拿大成立企业,您必须挑选一个独特的名字,这样才不会让人混淆或联想到其他企业或业务。您必须要通过公司名称检索系统并获得报告。这报告能找出其他与您要求的名字相似的现有公司,同时也能帮助您挑选名字并让您的企业名字顺利获批。

2. 选择成立联邦或省公司

在筹备过程中,企业需要决定,旗下要成立的是联邦公司或是省公司。如果企业想要在超过一个地区经商,他们可以选择在各省或区域进行附加省份登记。

成立联邦企业,或在加拿大公司法(CBCA)下成立公司的好处包括:

  • 该企业是一个独立的法人实体,与自然人享有加拿大法律下同样的权力及义务;
  • 股东的责任有限,他们无需为企业的债务负责;
  • 企业与拥有者分开纳税,企业税率一般比个人所得税率要低;
  • 企业比较容易取得资本,因为相比其他企业的类型,这类企业可以较低的利息借贷,一般上,金融机构认为借钱给企业的风险较低;以及
  • 如果拥有者不幸去世,相比以合伙或独资企业形式成立的企业,联邦企业料会更稳定。

成立联邦企业的挑战是初创成本较高,且需要呈报更多的文件,包括:

  • 成立文件
  • 年度回酬
  • 任何董事部变动或注册办公室地址更动的通知书
  • 保存会议记录簿
  • 提交企业所得税申报表
  • 在任何经商的省或区域注册

成立省/地区企业的需求则因不同的管辖区而异。

一旦您做好决定,就必须填妥公司章程表。这可以英文、法文或两个官方语言填写。

3. 设立办公室地址

成立任何一家加拿大公司都必须有一个实体的注册办公室和档案办公室。地址必须真实存在于业务所营运的州属内。所有官方文件和函件都会寄去这办公室。

4. 委任董事部

针对企业董事的居住权,每一个地区都有本身的要求

不列颠哥伦比亚省、魁北克省、爱德华王子岛、新斯科舍省和新不伦瑞克省,是加拿大可以豁免企业董事居住权要求的省份。这对想要在加拿大注册公司的外国个人和企业尤为重要,因为这意味着,如果他们在上述的省份中成立企业,就不必委任加拿大居民身份的董事。

5. 取得公司号码

当您成立了企业后,加拿大税务局将发出一个公司号码(BN)给您的企业。他们通过信函确认您的资讯和BN。BN主要用于:

  • 商品及服务税(GST)或合并销售税(HST),取决于您公司的所属省份
  • 工资扣除
  • 企业所得税
  • 进口与出口税

TMF加拿大办事处

为了把握这些机遇, TMF加拿大办事处可以提供全面的行政支持,包括 企业成立 本地董事服务 托管 人力资源与薪酬以及 会计与税务服务,给想要在加拿大营商的本地和全球企业。

您可以通过 免费的国家概况介绍得知更多关于在加拿大营商的资讯。

欢迎 与我们加拿大的专家联系,以了解我们如何帮助您扩展您的业务。

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