Canada: Heading In The Right Direction: Rowan's Law On Concussion Safety Passed By Ontario Legislature

On March 6, 2018, Ontario passed a law that aims to prevent and manage concussions in amateur competitive sports. Bill 193: Rowan's Law (Concussion Safety), 2018—known as Rowan's Law—is the first law of its kind in Canada. The Act will come into effect whenever it receives Royal Assent, which is a date that is still to be determined.

Rowan's Law takes its name from 17-year-old rugby player, Rowan Stringer, who died in 2013 from second-impact syndrome. This condition occurs when a person sustains a new concussion while still recovering from an existing one. In the five days before her fatal brain injury, Rowan suffered two concussions during the course of two rugby games. In an effort to commemorate Rowan, the last Wednesday in September will be known as Rowan's Law Day.1

To protect amateur athletes like Rowan from sustaining concussions, Rowan's Law imposes various requirements on Ontario sport organizations. These are persons or entities that carry out, for profit or otherwise, an activity in connection with an amateur competitive sport.2 The requirements fall under three broad categories, each discussed in more detail below:

  1. Concussion awareness resources;
  2. A concussion code of conduct; and
  3. Protocols for removal from and return to sport.

Concussion Awareness Resources

The Minister of Tourism, Culture, and Sport will be approving certain information and materials that deal with preventing, detecting, and managing concussions. The Government of Ontario will ensure that these concussion awareness resources are available to the public. Sports organizations will be required to get athletes, parents/guardians, and coaches to confirm that they have reviewed these resources in the following circumstances:

  1. Before registering an athlete in a sports activity, the athlete must confirm that, within the last twelve months, they have reviewed the resources;
  2. If an athlete is under the age of eighteen, the athlete's parent or guardian must also confirm that they have reviewed the resources; and
  3. Before permitting a coach, or other prescribed individuals, to work for the sports organization, those individuals must confirm that they have reviewed the resources.

The regulations may provide for additional circumstances where sports organizations must require individuals to confirm that they have reviewed the resources. Sports organizations can offer additional resources if they wish.

Concussion Code of Conduct

Sports organizations will also be required to create, implement, and make available a concussion code of conduct. What must be included in this code of conduct will be prescribed in the regulations. Sports organizations will need to get athletes, parents/guardians, and coaches to confirm that they have reviewed their code of conduct in the same circumstances as described above.

Protocols for Removal from and Return to Sport

Sports organizations must establish removal from sport protocols for its athletes that:

  1. Includes a specific process to immediately remove an athlete who is suspected of having sustained a concussion; and
  2. Designates persons to ensure that:

    1. An athlete who is suspected of having sustained a concussion is immediately removed;
    2. Their parent, guardian, or other prescribed persons are informed of the removal; and,
    3. The athlete does not return to training, practice, or competition except in accordance with the sport organization's return-to-sport protocols.

Sports organizations must also establish return to sport protocols that apply when one of its athletes has sustained—or is suspected of having sustained—a concussion during a sports activity associated with the organization. The protocol must include a specific process for the athlete to return to training, practice, or competition. Like the removal-from-sport protocols, the return-to-sport protocols must designate persons responsible for returning the athlete to the sport and informing prescribed entities or persons that the athlete is doing so.

The regulations may prescribe responsibilities to additional persons and/or additional requirements.

Other Provisions

Bill 193 also permits the Lieutenant Governor in Council to make regulations under the Act, including those that may exempt certain persons or entities from any of its provisions. The regulations may apply differently to certain sports organizations or activities.

Amendments to the Education Act

In addition to the requirements set out above, Rowan's Law amends the Education Act. Part XIII.1 of this Act will be renamed "Pupil Health," and a new section will be added. The new section will allow the Minister to establish and require boards to follow policies and guidelines regarding concussions in pupils. The Minister may also regulate concussions of pupils in private schools, and compel such schools to comply with these requirements.


With the passing of Rowan's Law, Ontario has provided the basis for an approach to concussions in competitive amateur sports. It remains to be seen if other provinces and territories will use it as a template to follow suit.

While the Bill awaits Royal Assent, Ontario sports organizations should review their policies and procedures regarding concussion prevention and management. Once Rowan's Law and its regulations come into effect, these organizations should update their policies and procedures to comply. They should also create processes to develop and implement a concussion code of conduct and protocols for both removal and return to sport.


1 The Minister may, however, declare Rowan's Law Day to be on another day for any particular year.

2 These activities will be prescribed by the regulations, which have not yet been drafted.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Similar Articles
Relevancy Powered by MondaqAI
In association with
Related Topics
Similar Articles
Relevancy Powered by MondaqAI
Related Articles
Up-coming Events Search
Font Size:
Mondaq on Twitter
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).
Email Address
Company Name
Confirm Password
Mondaq Topics -- Select your Interests
 Law Performance
 Law Practice
 Media & IT
 Real Estate
 Wealth Mgt
Asia Pacific
European Union
Latin America
Middle East
United States
Worldwide Updates
Registration (you must scroll down to set your data preferences)

Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including your content preferences, for three primary purposes (full details of Mondaq’s use of your personal data can be found in our Privacy and Cookies Notice):

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting to show content ("Content") relevant to your interests.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, news alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our content providers ("Contributors") who contribute Content for free for your use.

Mondaq hopes that our registered users will support us in maintaining our free to view business model by consenting to our use of your personal data as described below.

Mondaq has a "free to view" business model. Our services are paid for by Contributors in exchange for Mondaq providing them with access to information about who accesses their content. Once personal data is transferred to our Contributors they become a data controller of this personal data. They use it to measure the response that their articles are receiving, as a form of market research. They may also use it to provide Mondaq users with information about their products and services.

Details of each Contributor to which your personal data will be transferred is clearly stated within the Content that you access. For full details of how this Contributor will use your personal data, you should review the Contributor’s own Privacy Notice.

Please indicate your preference below:

Yes, I am happy to support Mondaq in maintaining its free to view business model by agreeing to allow Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors whose Content I access
No, I do not want Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors

Also please let us know whether you are happy to receive communications promoting products and services offered by Mondaq:

Yes, I am happy to received promotional communications from Mondaq
No, please do not send me promotional communications from Mondaq
Terms & Conditions (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd (Mondaq). Mondaq grants you a non-exclusive, revocable licence to access the Website and associated services, such as the Mondaq News Alerts (Services), subject to and in consideration of your compliance with the following terms and conditions of use (Terms). Your use of the Website and/or Services constitutes your agreement to the Terms. Mondaq may terminate your use of the Website and Services if you are in breach of these Terms or if Mondaq decides to terminate the licence granted hereunder for any reason whatsoever.

Use of

To Use you must be: eighteen (18) years old or over; legally capable of entering into binding contracts; and not in any way prohibited by the applicable law to enter into these Terms in the jurisdiction which you are currently located.

You may use the Website as an unregistered user, however, you are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the Content or to receive the Services.

You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these Terms or with the prior written consent of Mondaq. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information from the Content. Nor shall you extract information about users or Contributors in order to offer them any services or products.

In your use of the Website and/or Services you shall: comply with all applicable laws, regulations, directives and legislations which apply to your Use of the Website and/or Services in whatever country you are physically located including without limitation any and all consumer law, export control laws and regulations; provide to us true, correct and accurate information and promptly inform us in the event that any information that you have provided to us changes or becomes inaccurate; notify Mondaq immediately of any circumstances where you have reason to believe that any Intellectual Property Rights or any other rights of any third party may have been infringed; co-operate with reasonable security or other checks or requests for information made by Mondaq from time to time; and at all times be fully liable for the breach of any of these Terms by a third party using your login details to access the Website and/or Services

however, you shall not: do anything likely to impair, interfere with or damage or cause harm or distress to any persons, or the network; do anything that will infringe any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights of Mondaq or any third party; or use the Website, Services and/or Content otherwise than in accordance with these Terms; use any trade marks or service marks of Mondaq or the Contributors, or do anything which may be seen to take unfair advantage of the reputation and goodwill of Mondaq or the Contributors, or the Website, Services and/or Content.

Mondaq reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to take any action that it deems necessary and appropriate in the event it considers that there is a breach or threatened breach of the Terms.

Mondaq’s Rights and Obligations

Unless otherwise expressly set out to the contrary, nothing in these Terms shall serve to transfer from Mondaq to you, any Intellectual Property Rights owned by and/or licensed to Mondaq and all rights, title and interest in and to such Intellectual Property Rights will remain exclusively with Mondaq and/or its licensors.

Mondaq shall use its reasonable endeavours to make the Website and Services available to you at all times, but we cannot guarantee an uninterrupted and fault free service.

Mondaq reserves the right to make changes to the services and/or the Website or part thereof, from time to time, and we may add, remove, modify and/or vary any elements of features and functionalities of the Website or the services.

Mondaq also reserves the right from time to time to monitor your Use of the Website and/or services.


The Content is general information only. It is not intended to constitute legal advice or seek to be the complete and comprehensive statement of the law, nor is it intended to address your specific requirements or provide advice on which reliance should be placed. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the Content for any purpose. All Content provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers hereby exclude and disclaim all representations, warranties or guarantees with regard to the Content, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. To the maximum extent permitted by law, Mondaq expressly excludes all representations, warranties, obligations, and liabilities arising out of or in connection with all Content. In no event shall Mondaq and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use of the Content or performance of Mondaq’s Services.


Mondaq may alter or amend these Terms by amending them on the Website. By continuing to Use the Services and/or the Website after such amendment, you will be deemed to have accepted any amendment to these Terms.

These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of England and Wales and you irrevocably submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of England and Wales to settle any dispute which may arise out of or in connection with these Terms. If you live outside the United Kingdom, English law shall apply only to the extent that English law shall not deprive you of any legal protection accorded in accordance with the law of the place where you are habitually resident ("Local Law"). In the event English law deprives you of any legal protection which is accorded to you under Local Law, then these terms shall be governed by Local Law and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these Terms shall be subject to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the courts where you are habitually resident.

You may print and keep a copy of these Terms, which form the entire agreement between you and Mondaq and supersede any other communications or advertising in respect of the Service and/or the Website.

No delay in exercising or non-exercise by you and/or Mondaq of any of its rights under or in connection with these Terms shall operate as a waiver or release of each of your or Mondaq’s right. Rather, any such waiver or release must be specifically granted in writing signed by the party granting it.

If any part of these Terms is held unenforceable, that part shall be enforced to the maximum extent permissible so as to give effect to the intent of the parties, and the Terms shall continue in full force and effect.

Mondaq shall not incur any liability to you on account of any loss or damage resulting from any delay or failure to perform all or any part of these Terms if such delay or failure is caused, in whole or in part, by events, occurrences, or causes beyond the control of Mondaq. Such events, occurrences or causes will include, without limitation, acts of God, strikes, lockouts, server and network failure, riots, acts of war, earthquakes, fire and explosions.

By clicking Register you state you have read and agree to our Terms and Conditions