Canada: Toronto Local Appeal Body Now Active, Replacing The OMB For Committee Of Adjustment Appeals

On May 3, 2017, Chapter 142 of the Toronto Municipal Code came into force, creating the Toronto Local Appeal Body (the "TLAB"). Most appeals from Committee of Adjustment decisions in Toronto will now be heard by the TLAB instead of the Ontario Municipal Board (the "OMB").

What is the TLAB?

The TLAB is an independent, quasi-judicial tribunal with all the powers and duties of the OMB in adjudicating matters within its jurisdiction.

Previously, the OMB was responsible for hearing appeals from Committee of Adjustment applications (including decisions relating to minor variances, consents for severance, and legal non-conforming uses and structures).

Appeal to the TLAB or the OMB?

As in the past, all appeals from Toronto Committee of Adjustment decisions (including non-decisions for severance applications) must be filed within the required timeframe, as outlined in the Planning Act. Note that the TLAB Rules of Practice and Procedure state that an appeal shall be filed "with the Secretary-Treasurer of the Committee of Adjustment for the City of Toronto".1

Any appeal filed before May 3, 2017 will stay with the OMB.

Any appeal filed on or after May 3, 2017 will go to the TLAB, rather than the OMB, unless:

  • an appeal of the same Committee of Adjustment application has already been made to the OMB before May 3, 2017; or
  • there is a related planning application appeal to the OMB (e.g., appeals of official plan amendment or rezoning applications, site plan referrals, etc.).2

Digital filing and exchange

An appeal to the TLAB is commenced by filing a Notice of Appeal (Form 1) along with the $300.00 filing fee. The Notice of Appeal must be on a CD/DVD in PDF format.

From that point onward, all documents must be filed, served, or exchanged by email. Every document in a TLAB proceeding, including visual evidence, must be provided in PDF format. Service, filing, or exchange of documents by email is effective on the day it is sent, unless sent after 4:30 p.m., in which case the document is deemed to have been sent on the following day.

For more details on the TLAB's digital requirements, refer to the TLAB website.

Forms, timelines, and disclosure

In an effort to streamline its procedures, the TLAB has adopted a regimented system of forms and deadlines. In comparison to the OMB process, the TLAB timeframes are generally less flexible and much more aggressive.

In addition, the TLAB requires parties to file and serve a copy of every document or relevant portions of public documents that they intend to rely on or produce in the hearing within 30 days after a Notice of Hearing is served. This is a significant new disclosure obligation that differs from previous practice before the OMB.

At the TLAB's business meeting held on May 3, 2017, the City of Toronto Legal Services and the Ontario Bar Association made submissions to the TLAB expressing concerns regarding the tight timelines, new document disclosure obligations, and other matters introduced in the draft Rules of Practice and Procedure. Despite these expressions of concern, the TLAB adopted the Rules of Practice and Procedure without substantial revision from the draft under consideration. The TLAB deferred consideration of the Ontario Bar Association's written submissions to its next meeting on June 14, 2017. Certain TLAB members noted that many of the concerns raised in the submissions could be addressed on an ad hoc basis by the TLAB at a later point in time.

It remains to be seen whether the TLAB's procedures are effective in securing timely outcomes, or whether these aggressive timelines impose a burden that is unduly onerous for parties and participants.

Some key forms and deadlines are summarized below:

  • Notice of Appeal (Form 1) must be filed with the Manager & Deputy Secretary Treasurer of the Committee of Adjustment for the City of Toronto within the time required under the Planning Act (within 20 days of the Committee's decision on a minor variance application, and within 20 days after the Committee gives notice of decision on consents for severance).

  • Notice of Hearing (Form 2) will be issued by the TLAB once a Case File has been opened, setting out the format, date, time and location of the hearing.

  • Applicant's Disclosure (Form 3) must be filed by the applicant within fifteen (15) days after the Notice of Hearing is served, disclosing any intended revisions or modifications to the application that was made to the Committee of Adjustment. The Rules do not expressly provide for any mechanism for further revisions or modifications to the application after this deadline.

  • Notice of Intention (Election) to be a Party or Participant (Form 4) must be filed within twenty (20) days after the Notice of Hearing is served.

  • Document Disclosure must be filed and served on all parties within thirty (30) days after the Notice of Hearing is served. Parties to a TLAB proceeding must provide a copy of every document or relevant portions of public documents they intend to rely on or produce in the hearing.

  • Witness Statements (Form 12), Participant's Statements (Form 13), and Expert Witness Statements (Form 14) must be filed and served on all parties within forty-five (45) days after the Notice of Hearing is served.

  • Notice of Motion (Form 7) must be filed and served on all parties at least fifteen (15) days before the motion is to be held, and at least forty-six (46) days before a hearing date (in light of the 30-day Quiet Zone described below).

  • Notice of Response to Motion (Form 8) must be filed and served on all parties at least seven (7) days before the motion is to be held.

  • Notice of Reply to Response to Motion (Form 9) must be filed and served on all parties at least four (4) days before the motion is to be held.

  • Notice of Motion (Form 7) for Costs or Review of Decision must be filed and served on all parties within thirty (30) days of the TLAB's decision.

30-day Quiet Zone

The TLAB Rules of Practice and Procedure institute a 30-day 'Quiet Zone' immediately before a scheduled hearing. During this time, no filings, motions, or formal actions (including TLAB-assisted mediation) are to be brought or taken by the parties, participants, or the TLAB, unless otherwise ordered by the TLAB.

According to the TLAB's Public Guide, the Quiet Zone period is intended for the parties to prepare for the hearing and to soberly consider the need to litigate the matters in issue. Parties are also encouraged to explore further settlement during this period, and in rare circumstances, the parties may request TLAB-assisted mediation. Hearing dates will remain fixed despite any settlement activity. Should a settlement be reached before or within the Quiet Zone, parties are asked immediately to advise TLAB staff of their intention to bring the matter forward as a settlement hearing.

Review or appeal of TLAB decision

Similar to decisions from the OMB, a party dissatisfied with the TLAB's decision has three avenues of further review or appeal:

  • Request the TLAB to review its decision through the internal review mechanism outlined in Rule 31 of the Rules of Practice and Procedure (the narrow grounds for review are articulated in the Rules);
  • Bring an application for judicial review to the Divisional Court; and
  • Obtain leave for appeal to the Divisional Court on a question of law.

For more information on the TLAB and the new landscape for Committee of Adjustment appeals in Toronto, please contact any member of our Municipal & Land Use Group.

RELATED LINKS

Toronto Local Appeal Body Website

TLAB Rules of Practice and Procedure (adopted May 3, 2017)

TLAB Public Guide

Footnotes

  1. The TLAB Public Guide advises that appeals are to be filed with the "Manager & Deputy-Secretary Treasurer, Committee of Adjustment".
  2. Related appeals include appeals under section 114 of the City of Toronto Act, 2006, sections 17, 22, 34, 36, 38, 41, or 51 of the Planning Act, and under a regulation made under section 70.2 of the Planning Act.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on Mondaq.com.

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Authors
 
In association with
Related Topics
 
Related Articles
 
Up-coming Events Search
Tools
Print
Font Size:
Translation
Channels
Mondaq on Twitter
 
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).
 
Email Address
Company Name
Password
Confirm Password
Position
Mondaq Topics -- Select your Interests
 Accounting
 Anti-trust
 Commercial
 Compliance
 Consumer
 Criminal
 Employment
 Energy
 Environment
 Family
 Finance
 Government
 Healthcare
 Immigration
 Insolvency
 Insurance
 International
 IP
 Law Performance
 Law Practice
 Litigation
 Media & IT
 Privacy
 Real Estate
 Strategy
 Tax
 Technology
 Transport
 Wealth Mgt
Regions
Africa
Asia
Asia Pacific
Australasia
Canada
Caribbean
Europe
European Union
Latin America
Middle East
U.K.
United States
Worldwide Updates
Registration (you must scroll down to set your data preferences)

Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including your content preferences, for three primary purposes (full details of Mondaq’s use of your personal data can be found in our Privacy and Cookies Notice):

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting to show content ("Content") relevant to your interests.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, news alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our content providers ("Contributors") who contribute Content for free for your use.

Mondaq hopes that our registered users will support us in maintaining our free to view business model by consenting to our use of your personal data as described below.

Mondaq has a "free to view" business model. Our services are paid for by Contributors in exchange for Mondaq providing them with access to information about who accesses their content. Once personal data is transferred to our Contributors they become a data controller of this personal data. They use it to measure the response that their articles are receiving, as a form of market research. They may also use it to provide Mondaq users with information about their products and services.

Details of each Contributor to which your personal data will be transferred is clearly stated within the Content that you access. For full details of how this Contributor will use your personal data, you should review the Contributor’s own Privacy Notice.

Please indicate your preference below:

Yes, I am happy to support Mondaq in maintaining its free to view business model by agreeing to allow Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors whose Content I access
No, I do not want Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors

Also please let us know whether you are happy to receive communications promoting products and services offered by Mondaq:

Yes, I am happy to received promotional communications from Mondaq
No, please do not send me promotional communications from Mondaq
Terms & Conditions

Mondaq.com (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd (Mondaq). Mondaq grants you a non-exclusive, revocable licence to access the Website and associated services, such as the Mondaq News Alerts (Services), subject to and in consideration of your compliance with the following terms and conditions of use (Terms). Your use of the Website and/or Services constitutes your agreement to the Terms. Mondaq may terminate your use of the Website and Services if you are in breach of these Terms or if Mondaq decides to terminate the licence granted hereunder for any reason whatsoever.

Use of www.mondaq.com

To Use Mondaq.com you must be: eighteen (18) years old or over; legally capable of entering into binding contracts; and not in any way prohibited by the applicable law to enter into these Terms in the jurisdiction which you are currently located.

You may use the Website as an unregistered user, however, you are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the Content or to receive the Services.

You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these Terms or with the prior written consent of Mondaq. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information from the Content. Nor shall you extract information about users or Contributors in order to offer them any services or products.

In your use of the Website and/or Services you shall: comply with all applicable laws, regulations, directives and legislations which apply to your Use of the Website and/or Services in whatever country you are physically located including without limitation any and all consumer law, export control laws and regulations; provide to us true, correct and accurate information and promptly inform us in the event that any information that you have provided to us changes or becomes inaccurate; notify Mondaq immediately of any circumstances where you have reason to believe that any Intellectual Property Rights or any other rights of any third party may have been infringed; co-operate with reasonable security or other checks or requests for information made by Mondaq from time to time; and at all times be fully liable for the breach of any of these Terms by a third party using your login details to access the Website and/or Services

however, you shall not: do anything likely to impair, interfere with or damage or cause harm or distress to any persons, or the network; do anything that will infringe any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights of Mondaq or any third party; or use the Website, Services and/or Content otherwise than in accordance with these Terms; use any trade marks or service marks of Mondaq or the Contributors, or do anything which may be seen to take unfair advantage of the reputation and goodwill of Mondaq or the Contributors, or the Website, Services and/or Content.

Mondaq reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to take any action that it deems necessary and appropriate in the event it considers that there is a breach or threatened breach of the Terms.

Mondaq’s Rights and Obligations

Unless otherwise expressly set out to the contrary, nothing in these Terms shall serve to transfer from Mondaq to you, any Intellectual Property Rights owned by and/or licensed to Mondaq and all rights, title and interest in and to such Intellectual Property Rights will remain exclusively with Mondaq and/or its licensors.

Mondaq shall use its reasonable endeavours to make the Website and Services available to you at all times, but we cannot guarantee an uninterrupted and fault free service.

Mondaq reserves the right to make changes to the services and/or the Website or part thereof, from time to time, and we may add, remove, modify and/or vary any elements of features and functionalities of the Website or the services.

Mondaq also reserves the right from time to time to monitor your Use of the Website and/or services.

Disclaimer

The Content is general information only. It is not intended to constitute legal advice or seek to be the complete and comprehensive statement of the law, nor is it intended to address your specific requirements or provide advice on which reliance should be placed. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the Content for any purpose. All Content provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers hereby exclude and disclaim all representations, warranties or guarantees with regard to the Content, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. To the maximum extent permitted by law, Mondaq expressly excludes all representations, warranties, obligations, and liabilities arising out of or in connection with all Content. In no event shall Mondaq and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use of the Content or performance of Mondaq’s Services.

General

Mondaq may alter or amend these Terms by amending them on the Website. By continuing to Use the Services and/or the Website after such amendment, you will be deemed to have accepted any amendment to these Terms.

These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of England and Wales and you irrevocably submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of England and Wales to settle any dispute which may arise out of or in connection with these Terms. If you live outside the United Kingdom, English law shall apply only to the extent that English law shall not deprive you of any legal protection accorded in accordance with the law of the place where you are habitually resident ("Local Law"). In the event English law deprives you of any legal protection which is accorded to you under Local Law, then these terms shall be governed by Local Law and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these Terms shall be subject to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the courts where you are habitually resident.

You may print and keep a copy of these Terms, which form the entire agreement between you and Mondaq and supersede any other communications or advertising in respect of the Service and/or the Website.

No delay in exercising or non-exercise by you and/or Mondaq of any of its rights under or in connection with these Terms shall operate as a waiver or release of each of your or Mondaq’s right. Rather, any such waiver or release must be specifically granted in writing signed by the party granting it.

If any part of these Terms is held unenforceable, that part shall be enforced to the maximum extent permissible so as to give effect to the intent of the parties, and the Terms shall continue in full force and effect.

Mondaq shall not incur any liability to you on account of any loss or damage resulting from any delay or failure to perform all or any part of these Terms if such delay or failure is caused, in whole or in part, by events, occurrences, or causes beyond the control of Mondaq. Such events, occurrences or causes will include, without limitation, acts of God, strikes, lockouts, server and network failure, riots, acts of war, earthquakes, fire and explosions.

By clicking Register you state you have read and agree to our Terms and Conditions