Canada: Are You Ready for CETA?: 20 Questions That Canadian Importers Should Be Asking

Last Updated: March 28 2017
Article by Cyndee Todgham Cherniak

The Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement ("Canada-EU CETA") is a free trade agreement between Canada and the 28 countries of the European Union.  The Canada-EU CETA is Canada's largest free trade agreement since NAFTA.   There are opportunities for Canadian importers to save the customs duties on goods that they are currently importing (that is, goods that will be subject to duty elimination or duty reduction) and/or find new goods to import.

Provisional application of the Canada-EU CETA will take place on the first day of the month following Canada's ratification of the Canada-EU CETA and Canada's notification to the European Union that the Canada-EU CETA has been ratified (which will likely take place on the same day as Canada passes Bill C-30 into law).  On February 15, 2017, the Canada-EU CETA was ratified by the European Parliament.  This means that Canada completing the Canadian legislative process and formally ratifying the Canada-EU CETA is all that stands between Canadian retailers and their new and improved opportunities.

On March 7, 2017, Bill C-30 "An Act to implement the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement between Canada and the European Union and its Member States and to provide for certain other measures" passed second reading in Canada's Senate.  Bill C-30 is now being reviewed by the Senate of Canada Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Trade.  After the Report is prepared by the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Bill C-30 returns to the Senate for third reading and debate.  After third reading, the Canada-EU CETA can be ratified.

The current thinking is that the Canada-EU CETA will be provisionally implemented in Spring 2017.  My best guess is provisional implementation will be May 1, 2017 or June 1, 2017.  Are you ready?

What does "provisional implementation" mean?

"Provisional implementation" means that all or almost all of the market access provisions for goods and services will be implemented as soon as the European Parliament and the Government of Canada have ratified the Canada-EU CETA.  The effect of provisional implementation is that the non-controversial provisions (96% of the Canada-EU CETA provisions) go into effect even though there are outstanding issues relating to the investment chapter to resolve.  There are EU Members who have concerns about the investor-state dispute mechanism and the competency of the EU Parliament to enter into a free trade agreement (rather than requiring EU Members Parliamentary approval).

From which countries may Canadian importers purchase CETA goods?

Canadian importers may benefit from the Canada-EU CETA duty relief commitments made in respect of imports originating in the 28 European Union countries, which are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland are not EU Members. Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland signed that Canada-European Free Trade Association Free Trade Agreement (the "Canada-EFTA FTA") and it has been in effect since July 1, 2009.  Most EFTA-origin goods already enter Canada duty-free under the Canada-EFTA FTA.

What Questions Should Canadian importers be asking to get ready for provisional application?

Canadian importers should get ready to take advantage of the Canada-EU CETA benefits. It is time to start asking questions, such as:

  1. What goods do I currently import from an EU Member?
  2. What new goods would I like to import from an EU Member?
  3. Do those goods that I currently import or would like to import from an EU Member meet the rules of origin in the Canada-EU CETA?
  4. What is the H.S. classification of the good to be imported from the EU? (you need the answer to this question in order to review Canada's commitments for duty elimination/duty reduction)?
  5. Are the goods that I import/wish to import within Canada's Schedule of duty elimination/duty reductions commitments in the Canada-EU CETA? (If the answer is yes, then the goods may not be duty free immediately, if the answer is no, you still must ask questions about origin before knowing if the goods are duty-free immediately upon implementation)
  6. What is the rule of origin in the Canada-EU CETA applicable to that good based on that H.S. classification number?
  7. Do the goods originate in an EU Member according to the Canada-EU CETA rules of origin? (you may need more information or assistance from customs counsel to answer this question)
  8. What is the applicable duty rate of the goods?
  9. Who within my organization must update computerized records and databases so that customs documentation will be correct after provisional implementation?
  10. What changes need to be made within our computerized record keeping programs and databases?
  11. Has there been a meeting with the customs broker and freight forwarded to make sure that they have updated computerized records and databases?
  12. Do I have the necessary Certifications of Origin from suppliers of EU-origin goods?
  13. What is the value for duty for customs purposes of the goods to be imported? (This would be a good time to revisit the issue and consider whether kits comprise EU-origin goods and non-EU origin goods)
  14. What documentation do I need before I can import this good?
  15. Do I require other governmental certification approvals for the goods I import/plan to import from the EU?
  16. Are there any Canadian labelling or marking requirements for the goods?
  17. What record keeping requirement do I have to implement under Canadian law to maintain Canada-EU benefits that I claim?
  18. Do I require quota to import the goods?
  19. Do I import any goods (foodstuffs, wines, spirits, beer) from a non-EU country that would be affected by the Canada-EU CETA geographic indications restrictions (for a list of products subject to Canada-EU CETA restrictions, please refer to the GI List)?
  20. Are the goods subject to antidumping or countervailing duties?

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

In association with
Related Video
Up-coming Events Search
Font Size:
Mondaq on Twitter
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).
Email Address
Company Name
Confirm Password
Mondaq Topics -- Select your Interests
 Law Performance
 Law Practice
 Media & IT
 Real Estate
 Wealth Mgt
Asia Pacific
European Union
Latin America
Middle East
United States
Worldwide Updates
Check to state you have read and
agree to our Terms and Conditions

Terms & Conditions and Privacy Statement (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd and as a user you are granted a non-exclusive, revocable license to access the Website under its terms and conditions of use. Your use of the Website constitutes your agreement to the following terms and conditions of use. Mondaq Ltd may terminate your use of the Website if you are in breach of these terms and conditions or if Mondaq Ltd decides to terminate your license of use for whatever reason.

Use of

You may use the Website but are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the content and articles available (the Content). You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these terms & conditions or with the prior written consent of Mondaq Ltd. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information about’s content, users or contributors in order to offer them any services or products which compete directly or indirectly with Mondaq Ltd’s services and products.


Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the documents and related graphics published on this server for any purpose. All such documents and related graphics are provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers hereby disclaim all warranties and conditions with regard to this information, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. In no event shall Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information available from this server.

The documents and related graphics published on this server could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically added to the information herein. Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described herein at any time.


Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including what sort of information you are interested in, for three primary purposes:

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, newsletter alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our information providers who provide information free for your use.

Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) do not sell or provide your details to third parties other than information providers. The reason we provide our information providers with this information is so that they can measure the response their articles are receiving and provide you with information about their products and services.

If you do not want us to provide your name and email address you may opt out by clicking here .

If you do not wish to receive any future announcements of products and services offered by Mondaq by clicking here .

Information Collection and Use

We require site users to register with Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to view the free information on the site. We also collect information from our users at several different points on the websites: this is so that we can customise the sites according to individual usage, provide 'session-aware' functionality, and ensure that content is acquired and developed appropriately. This gives us an overall picture of our user profiles, which in turn shows to our Editorial Contributors the type of person they are reaching by posting articles on Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) – meaning more free content for registered users.

We are only able to provide the material on the Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) site free to site visitors because we can pass on information about the pages that users are viewing and the personal information users provide to us (e.g. email addresses) to reputable contributing firms such as law firms who author those pages. We do not sell or rent information to anyone else other than the authors of those pages, who may change from time to time. Should you wish us not to disclose your details to any of these parties, please tick the box above or tick the box marked "Opt out of Registration Information Disclosure" on the Your Profile page. We and our author organisations may only contact you via email or other means if you allow us to do so. Users can opt out of contact when they register on the site, or send an email to with “no disclosure” in the subject heading

Mondaq News Alerts

In order to receive Mondaq News Alerts, users have to complete a separate registration form. This is a personalised service where users choose regions and topics of interest and we send it only to those users who have requested it. Users can stop receiving these Alerts by going to the Mondaq News Alerts page and deselecting all interest areas. In the same way users can amend their personal preferences to add or remove subject areas.


A cookie is a small text file written to a user’s hard drive that contains an identifying user number. The cookies do not contain any personal information about users. We use the cookie so users do not have to log in every time they use the service and the cookie will automatically expire if you do not visit the Mondaq website (or its affiliate sites) for 12 months. We also use the cookie to personalise a user's experience of the site (for example to show information specific to a user's region). As the Mondaq sites are fully personalised and cookies are essential to its core technology the site will function unpredictably with browsers that do not support cookies - or where cookies are disabled (in these circumstances we advise you to attempt to locate the information you require elsewhere on the web). However if you are concerned about the presence of a Mondaq cookie on your machine you can also choose to expire the cookie immediately (remove it) by selecting the 'Log Off' menu option as the last thing you do when you use the site.

Some of our business partners may use cookies on our site (for example, advertisers). However, we have no access to or control over these cookies and we are not aware of any at present that do so.

Log Files

We use IP addresses to analyse trends, administer the site, track movement, and gather broad demographic information for aggregate use. IP addresses are not linked to personally identifiable information.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that Mondaq (or its affiliate sites) are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of these third party sites. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this Web site.

Surveys & Contests

From time-to-time our site requests information from users via surveys or contests. Participation in these surveys or contests is completely voluntary and the user therefore has a choice whether or not to disclose any information requested. Information requested may include contact information (such as name and delivery address), and demographic information (such as postcode, age level). Contact information will be used to notify the winners and award prizes. Survey information will be used for purposes of monitoring or improving the functionality of the site.


If a user elects to use our referral service for informing a friend about our site, we ask them for the friend’s name and email address. Mondaq stores this information and may contact the friend to invite them to register with Mondaq, but they will not be contacted more than once. The friend may contact Mondaq to request the removal of this information from our database.


This website takes every reasonable precaution to protect our users’ information. When users submit sensitive information via the website, your information is protected using firewalls and other security technology. If you have any questions about the security at our website, you can send an email to

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user’s personally identifiable information changes (such as postcode), or if a user no longer desires our service, we will endeavour to provide a way to correct, update or remove that user’s personal data provided to us. This can usually be done at the “Your Profile” page or by sending an email to

Notification of Changes

If we decide to change our Terms & Conditions or Privacy Policy, we will post those changes on our site so our users are always aware of what information we collect, how we use it, and under what circumstances, if any, we disclose it. If at any point we decide to use personally identifiable information in a manner different from that stated at the time it was collected, we will notify users by way of an email. Users will have a choice as to whether or not we use their information in this different manner. We will use information in accordance with the privacy policy under which the information was collected.

How to contact Mondaq

You can contact us with comments or queries at

If for some reason you believe Mondaq Ltd. has not adhered to these principles, please notify us by e-mail at and we will use commercially reasonable efforts to determine and correct the problem promptly.