previously mentioned, on April 1, 2015, Citizenship and
Immigration Canada published regulations implementing its
Electronic Travel Authorization ("eTA") program.
The eTA program was modeled after the U.S. Electronic System for Travel Authorization,
which is a mandatory registration required for foreign travelers
who wish to enter the United States under the Visa Waiver Program. Once implemented,
it will require most visa-exempt foreign nationals who travel to
Canada without a temporary resident visa ("TRV") to
obtain an eTA.
Under the eTA program, applicants will pay a $7.00 CAD
processing fee electronically in connection with their online eTA
application. Once issued, an eTA will be valid for five years
from the day on which it is issued or until the applicant's
passport or travel document expires, whichever comes first.
The regulations also provide an officer with the ability to cancel
an eTA that was issued to a foreign national if the officer
determines that the foreign national is inadmissible or if the
foreign national becomes subject to a declaration made by the
Minister under the Immigration and Refugee Protection
The regulations initially required eTAs to be mandatory as of
March 15, 2016. Fortunately, the new Liberal Government has
decided to delay the enforcement of the eTA requirement until Fall
2016 (no exact date end date has been announced) by implementing a
During the leniency period, visa-exempt foreign nationals who do
not have an eTA will still be permitted to enter Canada as long as
they have appropriate travel documents, such as a valid
passport. Nevertheless, visa-exempt foreign nationals are
encouraged to obtain an eTA as soon as possible.
Of course, even after the leniency period has ended, not
everyone will require an eTA. For example, United States
citizens are exempt from the eTA requirement. Also, as the
eTA requirement is intended to apply to visa-exempt applicants, a
foreign national who already holds a TRV is also not required to
obtain an eTA. In addition, in order to reduce the
duplication of information to be provided by visa-exempt foreign
nationals, if a visa-exempt applicant applies for a work permit or
study permit, they will not need to also obtain an eTA. A
complete list of eTA exemptions appears in my
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September 21st, 2016 - Immigration authorities conducted the 20th round of invitations under Express Entry in 2016 and 43rd overall, inviting 1288 applicants for permanent residence with a lowest CRS score of 483.
Canada received more than 320,000 immigrants in the last 12 months, approaching levels not seen since the early 20th century. The per capital immigration rate at .88%, is consistent with previous Liberal government policies.
October 12th, 2016 - Immigration authorities conducted the 21st round of invitations under Express Entry in 2016 and 44th overall, inviting 1518 applicants for permanent residence with a lowest CRS score of 484.
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