recent bulletin, we advised readers that starting March 15,
2016, visa-exempt foreign nationals who fly to or transit through
Canada are expected to have an Electronic Travel Authorization
(eTA) before they travel to Canada by air. However, from March 15,
2016 until the fall of 2016, travellers who do not have an eTA will
be allowed to board their flight to Canada as long as they have
appropriate travel documents, such as a valid passport. During this
period of leniency, border services officers can allow travellers
arriving to Canada without an eTA into the country as long as they
meet the other requirements to enter Canada.
Despite the period of leniency, visa-exempt foreign nationals
are strongly encouraged to apply for and obtain an eTA before
boarding a flight bound for Canada. Entry to Canada without an eTA
during the period of leniency is at the discretion of the border
services officer. It is also worth noting than an eTA does not
guarantee entry into Canada. As always that determination is left
to the examining border service officer at the port of entry.
A list of visa-exempt countries whose citizens require an eTA is
located at this link on the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship
Canada (IRCC) website. A list of persons who are exempt from
the eTA is located at this link on the IRCC website. Notably, citizens of the United
States, dual citizens, Canadian permanent residents,
and travelers with a valid Canadian study permit or work permit
obtained on or after August 1, 2015 do not require an eTA.
It is also worth noting that visa-exempt foreign nationals who
submit an application for a Canadian work permit or a Canadian
study permit will automatically be considered for an eTA. Such
persons are not required to file an application for an eTA separate
and apart for their applications for either a Canadian work permit
or a Canadian study permit.
An eTA is valid for five years from the day on which it is
issued or until the traveller's passport (or other travel
document) expires, whichever comes first. An eTA may be cancelled
by an appropriate officer sooner if the officer determines that the
traveller is inadmissible to Canada.
Applying for an eTA is a simple online process that takes just a
few minutes. An applicant must have a valid passport or accepted
travel document, credit card, and email address. To confirm the
requirements and to apply for an eTA, a traveler can use the link
on the IRCC website.
Travellers can only apply for one eTA at a time. For example,
for a family of three people, travellers will need to complete and
submit the online application form and pay the $7.00 processing fee
three times (once for each traveler).
The foregoing provides only an overview and does not
constitute legal advice. Readers are cautioned against making any
decisions based on this material alone. Rather, specific legal
advice should be obtained.
October 12th, 2016 - Immigration authorities conducted the 21st round of invitations under Express Entry in 2016 and 44th overall, inviting 1518 applicants for permanent residence with a lowest CRS score of 484.
October 19th, 2016 - Immigration authorities conducted the 22nd round of invitations under Express Entry in 2016 and 45th overall, inviting 1804 applicants for permanent residence, the largest number ever. The lowest CRS score was 475, a decline from the previous draw.
September 21st, 2016 - Immigration authorities conducted the 20th round of invitations under Express Entry in 2016 and 43rd overall, inviting 1288 applicants for permanent residence with a lowest CRS score of 483.
A unique feature of the new Canada express entry immigration system is that candidates can improve their comprehensive ranking score while in the express entry pool, without submitting a new application. We review important strategies.
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