On Jan. 27, 2016, Transparency International published its
Corruption Perceptions Index (“CPI”) for 2015. The CPI
ranks 168 countries and territories based on the perceived level of
corruption in each country’s public sector.
Canada placed 9th in the rankings and improved its
score by 2 points with 83 points on a scale of 0-100, where 0 is
highly corrupt and 100 is very clean. The 2015 CPI is
available for download here.
Denmark ranked in the top spot for the second year in a row,
followed by Finland and Sweden, with scores of 91, 90 and 89
respectively. North Korea and Somalia occupied the two bottom
positions, with just 8 points each. Overall, 2015 was a year of
advances, with a greater number of countries improving their scores
than declining. However, more than two-thirds of the countries
ranked in the 2015 CPI continue to score less than 50. Countries of
interest to Canadian corporations with operations abroad include:
the United States (76, 16th place), South Korea (56,
37th place), Brazil and India (38, tied for
76th place), Russia (29, 119th place), Kenya
(25, 125th place) and Iran (27, 130th
The ranking is good news for Canada, which improved one place
and 2 points over its 2014 results. Such improvement may surprise
some observers, given the number of high-profile instances of
alleged corruption that garnered media attention in Canada in 2015,
the ongoing enforcement action in connection with SNC
Lavalin’s domestic and international business;
Senator Mike Duffy’s trial on 31 criminal charges;
the arrests of seven
employees of EBR Information Technology firm IBM and Revenu
Québec for fraud, conspiracy and breach of trust in relation
to a $24-million computer equipment and services contract to the
the RCMP investigation into the Ontario Provincial Police
Association for theft, breach of trust, fraud and money laundering;
allegations against the Ontario government for preferential
treatment and generous payoffs to unions in exchange for political
The Government of Canada undertook several initiatives in 2015
in response to these corruption scandals. It enacted legislation
and rules aimed at strengthening integrity at the federal
government level, the most notable of which was the introduction of
strengthened federal procurement policies, including a robust
debarment regime as well as third party monitoring and verification
for suppliers who are accused or found guilty of improper behavior.
Public awareness of these initiatives may have contributed to the
improvement in Canada’s year-over-year CPI ranking.
Given this climate of enhanced scrutiny and active enforcement,
Canadians and Canadian companies should pay close attention to
their obligations under the Criminal Code as well as under
the Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act,
(“CFPOA”), Canada’s foreign anti-corruption
legislation. The CFPOA makes it a criminal offence in Canada for
persons or companies to bribe foreign public officials to obtain or
retain an advantage in the course of international business.
Transparency International is a leading civil society
organisation tackling corruption worldwide. The CPI draws on 12
surveys covering expert assessments and views of businesspeople
operating on those countries and territories. The 2015 Corruption
Perceptions Index is its 21st annual report.
The content of this article is intended to provide a general
guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought
about your specific circumstances.
To print this article, all you need is to be registered on Mondaq.com.
Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.
The prospect of an internal investigation raises many thorny issues. This presentation will canvass some of the potential triggering events, and discuss how to structure an investigation, retain forensic assistance and manage the inevitable ethical issues that will arise.
From the boardroom to the shop floor, effective organizations recognize the value of having a diverse workplace. This presentation will explore effective strategies to promote diversity, defeat bias and encourage a broader community outlook.
Staying local but going global presents its challenges. Gowling WLG lawyers offer an international roundtable on doing business in the U.K., France, Germany, China and Russia. This three-hour session will videoconference in lawyers from around the world to discuss business and intellectual property hurdles.
In R v Villaroman, the Supreme Court of Canada recently dealt with the issue of circumstantial evidence and the inferences that can be reasonably drawn from that evidence in order to find an accused guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
Canadian engineering and construction giant SNC-Lavalin has been charged by the RCMP with paying bribes of nearly $48 million to Libyan government officials and defrauding Libya of nearly $130 million.
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).