Carbon pricing and low-carbon energy generation are key
components of Ontario's climate change strategy. The strategy
sets out Ontario's long-term plan to achieve a GHG reduction
target of 80% below 1990 levels by 2050.
The strategy highlights five areas of transformation and lists
actions Ontario will take to support change:
1.†A prosperous low-carbon economy with world-leading
innovation, science and technology
Provide local entrepreneurs in the low-carbon and clean-tech
industries access to capital and support the commercialization of
Support R&D in technologies that can reduce GHG
Support fuel switching and new energy and emissions management
Remove existing initiatives that support fossil fuel use and
fossil fuel intensive technologies;
Implement a resource recovery and waste reduction framework to
shift to a circular economy; and
Develop tools to measure progress towards GHG reduction targets
and GHG impacts of projects, including assessing climate change
risk to food production, human health, infrastructure and the
4. Reducing GHG emissions across sectors
Shift existing drivers to transit, cycling and walking and
promote the update of zero emission and plug-in hybrid
Reduce emissions from goods movement by supporting the use of
natural gas and low-carbon fuels and the electrification goods
Explore additional low-carbon fuel opportunities for modes of
transportation like long- and heavy-haul trucking and marine
transport that are not easily electrified;
Support net-zero buildings across the province to reduce
emissions from new and existing buildings through updates to
Ontario's Building Code, incentive programs, removal of
regulatory barriers and encouraging the transition to lower carbon
fuels and building materials that store carbon;
Establish GHG reduction as an important factor in provincial
frameworks for transportation and land use; and
Create energy retrofit programs targeted at residential, small-
and mid-sized businesses and large emitting industries.
5. Adapting and thriving in a changing climate
Integrate climate change adaptation considerations in
Align climate change objectives with agriculture and natural
systems, including ensuring pollinator and soil health and food
security, while managing and restoring wetlands, increasing green
spaces and managing diverse forests;
Develop an approach to measure the flow of carbon in
agriculture, wetlands, forests and wood products to identify ways
to mitigate climate change; and
Establish a one-window source for climate data to assist the
public and private sectors to make informed and evidence-based
decisions regarding adapting to climate change and increasing
The climate change strategy is a high-level overview of the path
Ontario intends to take to meet its GHG reduction targets. Actual
details of Ontario's specific commitments under the five areas
of transformation will be made available next year when Ontario
releases a five-year plan outlining the steps it intends to take to
meet its mid-term GHG reduction target of 15% below 1990 levels by
2020. The five-year plan will also set out a framework for
achieving the longer-range targets for 2030 (37% below 1990 levels)
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