May 29, 2015 – The Government of Canada announced today
the coming into force of certain provisions included in the
Strengthening Canadian Citizenship Act, which received
Royal Asset on June 19, 2014. Those provisions authorize the
Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, or delegate, to revoke the
Canadian citizenship of dual citizens convicted of certain offenses
or found to have fraudulently obtained their citizenship.
Grounds for Revocation
The Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, or a delegate
(e.g., Citizenship Officer) will be authorized to revoke the
Canadian citizenship of a dual citizen convicted of terrorism, high
treason and/or treason, and espionage.
Further, the Minister or delegate is authorized to make
decisions in revocation cases where dual citizens are found to have
concealed criminal charges or convictions, or committed residence
or identity fraud.
The Federal Court will now be authorized to revoke the Canadian
citizenship of dual citizens who serve as members in the armed
forces of a country or organized non-state entity engaged in armed
conflict with Canada.
The Process for Revocation
Cases involving revocation pursuant to a conviction, or for
residence or identity fraud or the concealing of past criminal
charges or convictions, will be decided by the Minister of
Citizenship and Immigration or a delegate.
The Federal Court will decide on more complex cases, including
those involving war crimes, crimes against humanity, fraud
involving security, international rights violations and organized
criminality, as well as those cases where a dual citizen is found
to be a member of the armed forces of a country or non-state entity
engaged in conflict with Canada.
Despite today's announcement, there is concern in some
circles that these provisions may not survive Charter scrutiny. The
lack of an effective appeals process and the low standards of
evidence being applied in contrast with the severity of the
penalty, may give rise to constitutional problems.
Green and Spiegel will continue to monitor developments in this
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September 21st, 2016 - Immigration authorities conducted the 20th round of invitations under Express Entry in 2016 and 43rd overall, inviting 1288 applicants for permanent residence with a lowest CRS score of 483.
Canada received more than 320,000 immigrants in the last 12 months, approaching levels not seen since the early 20th century. The per capital immigration rate at .88%, is consistent with previous Liberal government policies.
October 12th, 2016 - Immigration authorities conducted the 21st round of invitations under Express Entry in 2016 and 44th overall, inviting 1518 applicants for permanent residence with a lowest CRS score of 484.
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