previously discussed, Citizenship and Immigration Canada
("CIC") implemented its Express Entry system on January
1, 2015. Since that date, CIC has issued two rounds of Invitations
to Apply ("ITAs"), which invite selected Express Entry
applicants to submit applications for permanent residence under one
of the following categories:
The Federal Skilled Worker ("FSW") Class;
The Canadian Experience Class ("CEC");
The Federal Skilled Trades ("FST") Class; or
Members of the Provincial Nominee Class who fall within the
Express Entry Stream of a Provincial Nominee Program
On January 31, 2015, Minister of Citizenship and Immigration
Chris Alexander (the "Immigration Minister") issued
Ministerial Instructions ("MIs") regarding the first
round of ITAs. The MIs stated that the total number of ITAs issued
during the period between January 31, 2015 and February 1, 2015
would be 779. They also stated that only Express Entry applicants
who had been assigned at least 886 points under the Comprehensive
Ranking System ("CRS") would receive an ITA during the
On February 7, 2015, Minister of Citizenship and Immigration
Chris Alexander issued additional MIs regarding its second round of
ITAs. These MIs stated that the total number of ITAs issued during
the period between February 7, 2015 and February 8, 2015 would
again be 779. They also stated that only Express Entry applicants
who had been assigned at least 818 points would receive an ITA
during the second round.
By setting the minimum CRS ranking above 600, CIC ensured that
only those applicants who received an additional 600 points, either
for arranged employment or for a nomination under the PNP Express
Entry stream, were considered for selection in these first two
rounds. This is a disappointment for many Express Entry applicants
who believed that they might receive an ITA even without these
additional 600 points.
The total number of applicants who received an ITA during each
round was also disappointingly low. Assuming that only 779
applicants receive an ITA under Express Entry each month during
2015, this means that CIC will only process 9,348 new applications
under the FSW, CEC, FST, and PNP Express Entry Stream during the
entire year. This clearly cannot be CIC's intention.
Despite these two disappointing rounds, it is still possible
that applicants who have neither arranged employment nor a
nomination under a PNP Express Entry Stream will still have an
opportunity to receive an ITA sometime this year. The decision to
issue ITAs only to applicants having more than 600 points during
the first two rounds might have been a political decision, so that
the Immigration Minister could initially claim that the Express
Entry system was selecting only the best and brightest applicants.
In addition, the decision to issue only 779 ITAs during each round
may have been made so that CIC could initially process these cases
within the six-month time frame that it has been
Hopefully, future rounds will involve a larger number of ITAs
and a minimum CRS ranking that is low enough to include applicants
who do not have arranged employment or a nomination under a PNP
Express Entry Stream.
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October 12th, 2016 - Immigration authorities conducted the 21st round of invitations under Express Entry in 2016 and 44th overall, inviting 1518 applicants for permanent residence with a lowest CRS score of 484.
October 19th, 2016 - Immigration authorities conducted the 22nd round of invitations under Express Entry in 2016 and 45th overall, inviting 1804 applicants for permanent residence, the largest number ever. The lowest CRS score was 475, a decline from the previous draw.
September 21st, 2016 - Immigration authorities conducted the 20th round of invitations under Express Entry in 2016 and 43rd overall, inviting 1288 applicants for permanent residence with a lowest CRS score of 483.
A unique feature of the new Canada express entry immigration system is that candidates can improve their comprehensive ranking score while in the express entry pool, without submitting a new application. We review important strategies.
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