On January 1, 2015, Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) is
launching the new Express Entry program. Applications under the
Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), Federal Skilled Trades
Program (FSTP) and Canadian Experience Class (CEC) will be
processed under this new program. Applicants will no longer be able
to apply directly for permanent residence through the FSWP, FSTP or
CEC but will have to wait until CIC extends them an invitation to
apply (ITA) based on CIC's assessment of the information the
applicants will be required to enter in an online system.
Applications for permanent residence submitted to the FSWP, FSTP
and CEC1prior to January 1, 2015, will
be processed under the current regime.
The first step applicants must take under the new Express Entry
program is to create an online Express Entry profile, providing
information about their skills, work experience, language ability,
education and other details. Prior to completing the profile,
applicants must take a language test recognized by CIC, and may
also need to have their non-Canadian educational credentials
assessed by a CIC-designated organization. Even though not all
applicants are required to have their foreign
education assessed to be eligible under Express Entry, they
should still do so to increase their chances of
receiving an ITA.
Applicants that meet the criteria of one of the Express Entry
federal economic immigration programs will be placed in a pool of
candidates and assigned a score according to their skills,
education and experience. The maximum score that may be assigned is
1,200 points. Applicants with positive Labour Market Impact
Assessments or Provincial Nominee Program Certificates will
automatically receive 600 points.
Candidates in the Express Entry pool are ranked against one
another according to their assigned scores. The highest-ranked
candidates in the Express Entry pool will receive an ITA for
permanent residence. CIC will make a draw for ITAs approximately
every two weeks.
Since an applicant's ranking in the pool changes regularly
as people enter and leave the pool, an applicant who does not
receive an ITA in one draw may achieve a higher ranking and receive
an ITA during the next draw. An applicant can remain in the pool
for up to one year after which time he or she will need to
re-apply. Profiles may be updated during the year. After an
applicant receives an ITA, he or she will have 60 days to submit an
electronic application for permanent residence through the FSWP,
FSTP, CEC or a portion of the Provincial Nominee Programs. Those
applications will be processed within six months of receiving
The author wishes to thank Ruoxi Wang, articling student,
for her help in preparing this legal update.
Provided the quotas have not been met.
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October 12th, 2016 - Immigration authorities conducted the 21st round of invitations under Express Entry in 2016 and 44th overall, inviting 1518 applicants for permanent residence with a lowest CRS score of 484.
October 19th, 2016 - Immigration authorities conducted the 22nd round of invitations under Express Entry in 2016 and 45th overall, inviting 1804 applicants for permanent residence, the largest number ever. The lowest CRS score was 475, a decline from the previous draw.
September 21st, 2016 - Immigration authorities conducted the 20th round of invitations under Express Entry in 2016 and 43rd overall, inviting 1288 applicants for permanent residence with a lowest CRS score of 483.
A unique feature of the new Canada express entry immigration system is that candidates can improve their comprehensive ranking score while in the express entry pool, without submitting a new application. We review important strategies.
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