The impact of Canadian anti-dumping and countervailing measures
was analyzed in a report issued by the Canadian International
Trade Tribunal on October 9, 2014. The report, written by the
CITT's Trade Remedies Investigative Branch, highlights
the impact of these measures on domestic shipments, investments,
employment and imports, analyzed for a period of 24 years, from
1989 to 2013.
The CITT report evaluates the impact of Canadian anti-dumping
and countervailing measures by estimating what Canadian shipments,
investments, employment and imports would have been if the trends
that existed prior to the imposition of the measures had continued.
The report finds that due to the remedial effect of anti-dumping
and countervailing measures, the actual values of shipments,
investments and imports, as well as employment levels, in the years
following the imposition of anti-dumping and countervailing
measures do not accurately reflect the extent to which the measures
affected those indicators. As anti-dumping and countervailing
measures result in increased prices of imports covered by the
measure, imports for those products tend to decrease, while at the
same time Canadian shipments, investments and employment will
increase. Therefore, evaluating the impact with the measures in
place would not accurately reflect the extent to which the measures
actually impacted the market.
Notwithstanding the decrease by 63% in Canadian anti-dumping and
countervailing measures in place from 1989 to 2013, the findings
reported by the CITT show that, as of December 31, 2013, there were
48 anti-dumping and countervailing measures in place, and their
impact on Canadian shipments, investments, jobs and imports has
increased. According to the CITT report, these measures affected
$7.7 billion in Canadian shipments, $0.5 billion in investments,
and nearly 22,000 jobs in the domestic industries directly
benefitting from the measures. In addition, the measures affected
$1.2 billion in imports.
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