Transport Canada (TC) has issued two Protective Directions that
will affect the transportation of crude oil by rail in Canada.
Protective Direction No. 33 requires persons who offer for
transport or import crude oil (as well as diesel, gasoline and
certain other petroleum products) to have in place by September 20,
2014, an Emergency Response Assistance Plan (ERAP) approved by TC.
ERAPs are intended to assist local emergency responders at an
accident site by providing them access to technical experts and
timely assistance by industry response teams with specialized
equipment. Industry members subject to this new Protective
Direction may choose to comply by developing their own individual
ERAPs or joining a mutual and/or umbrella-type ERAP.
Protective Direction No. 34 prohibits rail car owners from
transporting crude oil (and other petroleum products such as diesel
and gasoline) in certain types of tank cars that are of a CTC 111,
DOT 111 or AAR 211 specification and do not have continuous
reinforcement of their bottom shell. Tank car owners must by May
23, 2014, have each of such cars marked with, "Do not load
with dangerous goods in Canada/Ne pas charger de marchandises
dangereuses au Canada" or words to that effect.
TC proposed a new standard for the DOT 111 tank car in Part 1 of
the Canada Gazette on January 11, 2014. It has now announced it
will formalize the updated DOT 111 standards in Part II of the
Canada Gazette this summer and require that tank cars built before
the January 2014 proposed standard be phased out or retrofitted
within three years.
TC also issued an Emergency Direction to Canada's railway
companies to review and revise their operating practices for
transporting various dangerous goods, including reducing maximum
speeds of trains transporting crude oil.
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