On October 30, 2013, the Petroleum Services Association of
Canada (PSAC) released a Hydraulic Fracturing Code of Conduct for
Canada. Eleven PSAC members with hydraulic fracturing operations in
Canada helped create the Code and have voluntarily agreed to follow
The Code resulted from PSAC's Working Energy Commitment, an
initiative established in February 2013 by a subset of the members
of PSAC. The Code's content was informed by community
engagement meetings with more than 100 community members in seven
regions of four provinces. The Code represents a set of
commitments with respect to the responsible and sustainable
development of Canada's oil and natural gas resources.
Endorsers of the Code have agreed to focus their efforts in five
key areas: water and the environment, fracturing fluid disclosure,
technology development, health, safety and training, and community
Eleven companies that participated in the Working Energy
Commitment program have endorsed the Code: Baker Hughes Canada
Company; Calfrac Well Services Ltd.; Canyon Technical Services
Ltd.; Element Technical Services; GasFrac Energy Services LP;
Halliburton Group Canada; Iron Horse Energy Services; Millennium
Stimulation Services; Sanjel Corporation; Schlumberger Canada
Limited; and Trican Well Service Ltd.
Some of the Code's provisions link it to other industry
initiatives. For example, with regard to water usage, adherents of
the Code will support their customers in their commitment to the
Canadian Association of Petroleum Producer's (CAPP) Hydraulic Fracturing Guiding Principles and
Operating Practices. Likewise, observing the Code
requires participation in the Community
Partners program, an initiative promoting "courteous
behavior in areas of oil and gas activity" that is sponsored
by all seven major upstream oil and gas trade associations in
With regard to fracturing fluid disclosure, the companies that
endorsed the Code will provide their customers with a list of
additives used in fracturing fluids that meets industry
requirements. Beyond that, the Code commits its proponents to
encourage the use of public disclosure platforms like FracFocus, a
website created by the BC Oil and Gas Commission and which
currently reports on fracturing fluid composition for wells in BC
Canada is a constitutional monarchy, a parliamentary democracy and a federation comprised of ten provinces and three territories. Canada's judiciary is independent of the legislative and executive branches of Government.
The Government of Alberta recently announced a number of policy changes that will impact the Alberta Electricity Market, composed of its generators, transmitters, distributors, retailers, electricity consumers and wholesale electricity market.
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