In 2009, the Canadian Council of Ministers of the
Environment (CCME) adopted a national Waste Water
Effluents Strategy that recommends/expects municipalities to adopt
and implement an updated sewer use bylaw. The text of the
recommended CCME Model Sewer Use By-Law is set out in a
2006 report that CCME commissioned, Model Sewer Use Bylaw
Development Report. Now it is starting to spread across Canada.The model bylaw offers a menu of options. It
starts with a core, or basic bylaw for communities that
are primarily residential, with some
commercial activities, such as restaurants, auto repair
garages and dental services. The Core Bylaw addresses
sanitary, combined and storm sewer use. Schedules A and B
outline a core list of prohibited and restricted wastes for
sanitary and combined sewers. A Supplementary List of
Substances provides additional options for controlling additional
For municipalities with more complex sewer quality challenges,
the model contains "Advanced Clauses" for
industrial sewer use controls and other source protection
initiatives. This includes pollution prevention planning,
codes of practice and associated programs, such as compliance
Slowly, the new model is spreading to municipalities across
Peel used it in 2010, York in 2011; Vancouver, Durham and
Hamilton are considering it now. Hamilton, for example, uses
the model as a trigger to propose or improve controls on:
" food related grease control devices (grease traps)
in restaurants and food premises;
" oil and grease interceptors in motor vehicle service
shops and sediment interceptors in businesses such as car
" Dental Amalgam Separators in dental offices, to collect
" Pollution Prevention Programs;
" hauled sewage ; and
" a sewer discharge permitting system to replace the old
sewer discharge agreements.
The updated sewer bylaws should help municipalities comply with
the increasing stringency of federal and municipal discharge
standards for their sewage treatment plants. Does anyone know of a
consolidated list of which municipalities have updated their sewer
bylaws to the new model?
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