Canada: Immigration Programs and Education Facilities of Canada

Last Updated: September 12 2011
Article by Muge Seventurk

Canada is one of the world's wealthiest nations, with a high per-capita income and also one of the world's highly developed countries. Canada has a diversified economy that is reliant upon its abundant natural resources and upon trade. With the eighth-highest Human Development Index globally, Canada has one of the highest standards of living in the world. As a consequence of that Canada is often found desirable to reside and work. 

Immigration Programs

Federal Programs

There are currently three federal business programs: Investor, Entrepreneur and Self-Employed. The Self-Employed program concerns only those who are specialized in the areas of culture, arts and sports and who intend to immigrate to Canada in order to pursue their self-employment activities. Such program has few applicants however processing often lasts longer to those programs which are chosen for trade related matters. The Entrepreneur Program concerns people who intend to immigrate to Canada in order to pursue a business plan such as establishing a business etc.  The process is relatively slow and it may take five or six years to complete.

The current federal investor program was introduced in December 2010.  Unfortunately, the quota for the federal investor program for 2011 has been filled and the program does not accept new applications.  The program would accept new applications only starting July 1, 2012. Conditions that are sought by the Government of Canada for the Federal Program are stated below:

Business experience: In respect of an investor, business experience means the management of a qualifying business and the control of a percentage of equity of a qualifying business for at least two years in the period beginning five years before the date of application; or (if the person is only a CEO or a Senior Manager of a business without being an owner) the management of at least five full-time job equivalents per year in a business for at least two years in the period beginning five years before the date of application.  For the definition of the qualifying business, the parameters will be volume of sales, net income, number of employees, equity.

Assets: Minimum 1.6 million CAD consisting of bank deposits, real estate properties, stock market investments and equity in the business is sought.

Investment: Applicant shall commit to have an investment of CAD 800,000 for a period of five years. The investment is guaranteed by the Canadian government and refunded in full after five years, without any interest.  For those who do not want to deposit such a big sum for five years from their own assets, there is the alternative of a financial loan.  Banks designated by the government can lend the money for the investment under 5% interest a year, which adds up to a total interest value of $200,000 (cost of investment) for five years.

Please note that the investment has to be paid at the very end of the application process, only when the application is approved and the immigrant visa is ready to be issued.  Therefore the investor does not take any risks by depositing the money.

Conditions after immigration to Canada: The investor has no obligation to open a business in Canada or to reside in a certain province of Canada.  He and his family can reside in any province of Canada and can pursue any business interests of his choice. Of course, the immigrant has to observe the regular requirements of a permanent resident of Canada.  In order to maintain his permanent resident status, he must physically reside in Canada at least two years (720 days) out of five years.  Once he obtains Canadian citizenship, he may become a non-resident for the rest of his life while maintaining his Canadian citizenship forever.

Provincial Programs

There are also provincial business immigration programs in Canada. All provincial programs have two stages: 

  1. The process begins with the submission of an application to the immigration department of the province. The applicant is invited to make an exploratory visit to the province and have an interview with a local immigration officer. If approved, he is asked to deposit a certain sum of money with the provincial government, after which he is issued a Certificate of Nomination.  The nomination means that the applicant has been selected for immigration under the provincial program.
  2. The province cannot check the background of the applicant.  It is the federal visa office in his country that is making the checks.  The applicant will submit an application for permanent residence to the federal authorities (in the case of Turkey to the Canadian Embassy in Ankara).  The visa office will check the background of the applicant, his police records and will ask for a medical examination of him and his family.  At the end, the immigrant visa will be issued by the Embassy.  

The provincial process takes usually about eight months.  The second stage (the background checks regarding the investor mentioned above made locally at the Embassy) takes around one year or less. There are five active business provincial programs in Canada.

Manitoba: A province in the centre of Canada - offers an Entrepreneurial Program.  To qualify for the program, interested applicants must have minimum verifiable personal net worth of CAD 350,000 and demonstrated business ownership experience or a minimum of three years experience in a senior management role of a successful company. The applicant must also be prepared to conduct an Exploratory Visit to Manitoba, have an interview with a provincial officer and submit a business plan. If the application for nomination is approved by Manitoba, the applicant will be required to make a CAD 75,000 deposit with the Government of Manitoba, guaranteeing that he will live in Manitoba and start or purchase of a business in Manitoba within two years of obtaining the permanent resident visa and landing in Manitoba. The deposit will be refunded without interest when the investment described in their application is made, the business is operational and the investor is living in Manitoba.

Saskatchewan: A province in the Western part of Canada offers an Entrepreneurial Program similar to Manitoba.  The applicant must have a minimum net worth of CAD 300,000 that can be verified. He must have minimum three years entrepreneurial or relevant business management experience.  An interview and a visit to the province are not usually required.  If approved for nomination, the applicant will be required to make a CAD 75,000 deposit with the provincial government.  The deposit will be returned when the applicant immigrates to the province and opens a business for at least $150,000.  In order to get his money back, he must live in the province and be involved in the day-to-day management of the business.

New Brunswick: A province on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean has an Entrepreneurial Program that requires minimum verifiable personal net worth of CAD 300,000, an exploratory visit and an interview in the province, and a deposit of CAD 75,000 with the government of New Brunswick once the application is approved.  The immigrant is expected to open a business in the province with a minimum investment of CAD 125,000 within two years after landing, in which case the deposit of $75,000 is refunded.

Prince Edward Island: A province on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean has an Entrepreneurial Program based on a minimum verifiable personal net worth of CAD 400,000, an exploratory visit and an interview, a deposit of CAD 100,000 in escrow with the provincial government and the opening of a business in the province with an investment of minimum CAD 200,000.  The money deposited in escrow are refunded once a business was created and the immigrant resides in the province. Prince Edward Island immigration program requires the candidates to take an English language test IELTS, which can be taken in several cities in Turkey, as a condition for the application.  The acceptable level of English is very low and should be accessible with basic knowledge of the language.

Quebec: Quebec is the only province that is offering an Investor Program similar to the Federal Investor Program.  The conditions are similar with the Federal Investor Program (minimum CAD 1.6 million dollar assets, a passive investment of CAD 800,000 for five years that can be financed by a bank for CAD 200,000).  The application is first made to Montreal and an interview in Montreal is usually required.  If the provincial application is approved (it may take up to one year) an application for permanent residence has to be submitted to the Canadian Embassy in Ankara (approximately one year).

Therefore, all of the above provincial business programs except Quebec, are Entrepreneurial.  Unless the Federal Investor Program, which is based on a passive investment, the provincial programs require establishing a business in the province and the active management of the business, which means residing in the province (practically for at least one year in order to receive back the initial CAD 75,000 or CAD 100,000 investments).  The advantages of the provincial programs are the small amount of net worth required (CAD 300,000 to CAD 400,000) and the relatively small investment in a business (CAD 125,000 to CAD 200,000).  All of the above mentioned immigration programs have distinctness's. Applicant shall prefer a program that is more suitable in accordance with his/her choice of state, duration of the application process, and investment fees.  

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

In association with
Related Topics
Related Articles
Related Video
Up-coming Events Search
Font Size:
Mondaq on Twitter
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).
Email Address
Company Name
Confirm Password
Mondaq Topics -- Select your Interests
 Law Performance
 Law Practice
 Media & IT
 Real Estate
 Wealth Mgt
Asia Pacific
European Union
Latin America
Middle East
United States
Worldwide Updates
Registration (you must scroll down to set your data preferences)

Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including your content preferences, for three primary purposes (full details of Mondaq’s use of your personal data can be found in our Privacy and Cookies Notice):

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting to show content ("Content") relevant to your interests.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, news alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our content providers ("Contributors") who contribute Content for free for your use.

Mondaq hopes that our registered users will support us in maintaining our free to view business model by consenting to our use of your personal data as described below.

Mondaq has a "free to view" business model. Our services are paid for by Contributors in exchange for Mondaq providing them with access to information about who accesses their content. Once personal data is transferred to our Contributors they become a data controller of this personal data. They use it to measure the response that their articles are receiving, as a form of market research. They may also use it to provide Mondaq users with information about their products and services.

Details of each Contributor to which your personal data will be transferred is clearly stated within the Content that you access. For full details of how this Contributor will use your personal data, you should review the Contributor’s own Privacy Notice.

Please indicate your preference below:

Yes, I am happy to support Mondaq in maintaining its free to view business model by agreeing to allow Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors whose Content I access
No, I do not want Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors

Also please let us know whether you are happy to receive communications promoting products and services offered by Mondaq:

Yes, I am happy to received promotional communications from Mondaq
No, please do not send me promotional communications from Mondaq
Terms & Conditions (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd (Mondaq). Mondaq grants you a non-exclusive, revocable licence to access the Website and associated services, such as the Mondaq News Alerts (Services), subject to and in consideration of your compliance with the following terms and conditions of use (Terms). Your use of the Website and/or Services constitutes your agreement to the Terms. Mondaq may terminate your use of the Website and Services if you are in breach of these Terms or if Mondaq decides to terminate the licence granted hereunder for any reason whatsoever.

Use of

To Use you must be: eighteen (18) years old or over; legally capable of entering into binding contracts; and not in any way prohibited by the applicable law to enter into these Terms in the jurisdiction which you are currently located.

You may use the Website as an unregistered user, however, you are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the Content or to receive the Services.

You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these Terms or with the prior written consent of Mondaq. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information from the Content. Nor shall you extract information about users or Contributors in order to offer them any services or products.

In your use of the Website and/or Services you shall: comply with all applicable laws, regulations, directives and legislations which apply to your Use of the Website and/or Services in whatever country you are physically located including without limitation any and all consumer law, export control laws and regulations; provide to us true, correct and accurate information and promptly inform us in the event that any information that you have provided to us changes or becomes inaccurate; notify Mondaq immediately of any circumstances where you have reason to believe that any Intellectual Property Rights or any other rights of any third party may have been infringed; co-operate with reasonable security or other checks or requests for information made by Mondaq from time to time; and at all times be fully liable for the breach of any of these Terms by a third party using your login details to access the Website and/or Services

however, you shall not: do anything likely to impair, interfere with or damage or cause harm or distress to any persons, or the network; do anything that will infringe any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights of Mondaq or any third party; or use the Website, Services and/or Content otherwise than in accordance with these Terms; use any trade marks or service marks of Mondaq or the Contributors, or do anything which may be seen to take unfair advantage of the reputation and goodwill of Mondaq or the Contributors, or the Website, Services and/or Content.

Mondaq reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to take any action that it deems necessary and appropriate in the event it considers that there is a breach or threatened breach of the Terms.

Mondaq’s Rights and Obligations

Unless otherwise expressly set out to the contrary, nothing in these Terms shall serve to transfer from Mondaq to you, any Intellectual Property Rights owned by and/or licensed to Mondaq and all rights, title and interest in and to such Intellectual Property Rights will remain exclusively with Mondaq and/or its licensors.

Mondaq shall use its reasonable endeavours to make the Website and Services available to you at all times, but we cannot guarantee an uninterrupted and fault free service.

Mondaq reserves the right to make changes to the services and/or the Website or part thereof, from time to time, and we may add, remove, modify and/or vary any elements of features and functionalities of the Website or the services.

Mondaq also reserves the right from time to time to monitor your Use of the Website and/or services.


The Content is general information only. It is not intended to constitute legal advice or seek to be the complete and comprehensive statement of the law, nor is it intended to address your specific requirements or provide advice on which reliance should be placed. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the Content for any purpose. All Content provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers hereby exclude and disclaim all representations, warranties or guarantees with regard to the Content, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. To the maximum extent permitted by law, Mondaq expressly excludes all representations, warranties, obligations, and liabilities arising out of or in connection with all Content. In no event shall Mondaq and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use of the Content or performance of Mondaq’s Services.


Mondaq may alter or amend these Terms by amending them on the Website. By continuing to Use the Services and/or the Website after such amendment, you will be deemed to have accepted any amendment to these Terms.

These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of England and Wales and you irrevocably submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of England and Wales to settle any dispute which may arise out of or in connection with these Terms. If you live outside the United Kingdom, English law shall apply only to the extent that English law shall not deprive you of any legal protection accorded in accordance with the law of the place where you are habitually resident ("Local Law"). In the event English law deprives you of any legal protection which is accorded to you under Local Law, then these terms shall be governed by Local Law and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these Terms shall be subject to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the courts where you are habitually resident.

You may print and keep a copy of these Terms, which form the entire agreement between you and Mondaq and supersede any other communications or advertising in respect of the Service and/or the Website.

No delay in exercising or non-exercise by you and/or Mondaq of any of its rights under or in connection with these Terms shall operate as a waiver or release of each of your or Mondaq’s right. Rather, any such waiver or release must be specifically granted in writing signed by the party granting it.

If any part of these Terms is held unenforceable, that part shall be enforced to the maximum extent permissible so as to give effect to the intent of the parties, and the Terms shall continue in full force and effect.

Mondaq shall not incur any liability to you on account of any loss or damage resulting from any delay or failure to perform all or any part of these Terms if such delay or failure is caused, in whole or in part, by events, occurrences, or causes beyond the control of Mondaq. Such events, occurrences or causes will include, without limitation, acts of God, strikes, lockouts, server and network failure, riots, acts of war, earthquakes, fire and explosions.

By clicking Register you state you have read and agree to our Terms and Conditions