2010 tied with two other years (1998 and 2005) as the warmest
years ever recorded, according to the World Meteorological Organization.
Arctic sea-ice cover in December 2010 was the lowest ever measured.
WMO is the United Nations' authoritative voice on weather,
climate and water.
In 2010, global average temperature was 0.53°C (0.95°F)
above the 1961-90 mean. This value is 0.01°C (0.02°F) above
the nominal temperature in 2005, and 0.02°C (0.05°F) above
1998. The difference between the three years is less than the
margin of uncertainty (± 0.09°C or ± 0.16°F)
in comparing the data.
These statistics are based on data sets maintained by the UK
Meteorological Office Hadley Centre/Climatic Research Unit
(HadCRU), the U.S. National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), and the
U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
Arctic sea-ice cover in December 2010 was the lowest on record,
with an average monthly extent of 12 million square kilometres,
1.35 million square kilometres below the 1979-2000 average for
December. This follows the third-lowest minimum ice extent recorded
"The 2010 data confirm the Earth's significant
long-term warming trend," said WMO Secretary-General
Michel Jarraud. "The ten warmest years on record have all
occurred since 1998."
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