Canada: 如何在加拿大聘请外国员工

Last Updated: April 2 2019
Article by Gary Hokkanen

通过聘请有经验员工以迎合业务需求的加拿大公司,可以考虑从海外聘请外籍员工。

知识型行业目前正欠缺具备经验员工,但是加拿大已经针对问题实施新计划,让资讯科技(IT)行业更容易聘请技术娴熟的外籍员工。

加拿大劳工市场测试

大部分的加拿大公司在聘请外籍员工时,都有一条必须遵守的条例:他们必须先在加拿大的本地劳工市场进行招聘,在没有合适的本地员工的情况下,他们才能聘请外国员工。该公司必须确保没有加拿大公民或永久居民拥有工作所需的技能。当完成劳工市场的测试后,确保没有合格的加拿大或永久居民人选后,雇主才能寻找外籍员工,聘请他们到加拿大填补职位。

不同岗位的类型有不同的市场测试过程,但必须持续进行至少一个月。举例而言,若要聘请厨师,您需要在三个不同的渠道刊登广告,如网站或报纸。一个月后,雇主需要评审申请者,并将招聘结果呈给政府部门——加拿大服务中心。加拿大服务中心将评估雇主在寻求加拿大国民或永久居民填补职位空缺作出的努力。该公司必须证明他们已经测试了劳工市场,随后征求许可,让他们聘请外籍劳工到加拿大工作。

全球技能策略

然而,对于知识型行业(如IT和人工智能),则可获条例豁免。移民服务律师事务所Green and Spiegel管理合伙人Stephen Green表示:"目前,这类型职位空缺超过20万个。大约两年前,加拿大政府已意识到这个问题,因此推出了'全球技能策略'的措施。该措施有一个全球人才计划,允许雇主聘请IT行业中13种不同职业的外籍员工,豁免劳工市场测试。雇主可以在十天内获得聘请外籍员工的许可,并将他们带到加拿大。"

Green解释:"在全球人才计划下,雇主和加拿大政府将制定一个'劳工市场福利计划',概述了雇主会如何令加拿大的劳工市场受益,一般包括外籍员工将如何为公司带来好处。该计划中的活动包括:提供培训给已经受聘的加拿大员工、创造就业机会、或是让外籍员工在社区任教等。通过这个计划,加拿大的IT公司能在全球寻找有经验的员工,并在极短的时间内将员工带回加拿大,有助提高满足客户需求能力。"

当这些临时员工在加拿大从事熟练工作长达一年,并且能操流利的英文或法文;大约六个月,他们可以成为加拿大的永久居民。两年半之后,这些员工就能持有加拿大护照。

法国流动计划

精通法语者如果想要移居加拿大,可以选择在加拿大公司找工作。在约两至六周的时间内,他们就能得到工作许可证;在一年半之后就能移民。该计划的目标是在魁北克市以外建立以法语交流的社区,他们也能把家人带到加拿大居住。

美国移民政策的影响

加拿大因美国移民政策中的变更而受益。在美国,具备技能的外籍员工需要工作签证,而且H1抽签及签证过程并不容易。加拿大具吸引力,令这些员工离开美国,并以工作、有机会获得移民身份和永久居民身份作为欢迎政策。加拿大具有技能的劳动力正在增长,与此同时,这些移民计划也为当地创造出更好的工作和商业机会。

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