On November 27 2014 the Brazilian Patent and Trademark
Office (PTO) published Resolution No 142, which instituted a new
The Trademark Manual unifies four documents that have been used by trademark examiners in their daily activities:
- the Trademark Guidelines;
- the Trademark Examination Proceedings Manual (an internal document of the Brazilian PTO);
- the E-Marcas System User Manual; and
- the User Manual for the Presentation of Paper Applications and Petitions.
In addition to these documents, the Trademark Manual
incorporates normative opinions, resolutions, normative
instructions and tacit practices that have been applied to
trademark examination proceedings.
In general terms, the Trademark Manual provides detailed information regarding the filing of petitions and trademark analysis. The new manual divides the trademark examination updates into two parts - namely:
- new procedures; and
- consolidation and improvement of existing procedures.
Among the new procedures, the manual deals with the following cases:
- composite trademarks the word element of which is a non-registrable term or expression;
- conflicts with a third-party registered trademark bearing a disclaimer;
- conflicts in which the opponent and the applicant have incorporated the sign under dispute in theircommercial names; and
- withdrawal of the non-registrable part of a trademark upon the applicant's request.
With regard to the consolidation and improvement of existing procedures, the PTO clarified which disclaimers are currently in use and which are no longer in use. Other aspects concern:
- the analysis of the distinctiveness of signs incorporating generic, necessary, common or descriptive terms;
- the analysis of trademarks containing diluted terms; and
- additional guidelines relating to the stylisation of official monuments and symbols.
On the one hand, the Brazilian PTO established more flexible
rules in relation to specific topics (eg, the stylisation of
official monuments and symbols), but on the other, it set forth
more restrictive rules in other respects.
Before issuing the final version of the Trademark Manual, PTO officials met with representatives of the Brazilian Intellectual Property Association, the Brazilian Industrial Property Agents Association and the Intellectual Property Association of the State of São Paulo, and several important topics were discussed. This demonstrates the interest of the Brazilian PTO in hearing what organisations have to say.
The Trademark Manual is undoubtedly an important tool, not only for those who use the services provided by the PTO, but also for trademark examiners in their daily activities.
The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.