Australia: Health Alert (Australia) - 20 January 2014

Last Updated: 23 January 2014
Article by Andrew Forbes, Caroline Atkins, Michael Regos and Mark Williams



15 January 2014 - Short v Ambulance Victoria [2014] FCA 3

The applicant's employment as a paramedic with Ambulance Victoria (AV) was terminated in July 2011. The applicant contended that in terminating his employment, AV contravened the Fair Work Act 2009 (Cth) by taking adverse action against him because he "vigorously" exercised his workplace rights. The applicant also submitted AV took adverse action against him by refusing to allow him to perform higher duties, issuing a formal warning, and standing him down. He made claims of discrimination on the basis of his alleged mental disability, and breach of the implied term of mutual trust and confidence in his contract of employment. The Federal Court determined that no aspects of the applicant's claim was made out, and dismissed the application.

In issuing the formal warning, the Court found that while this amounted to "adverse action," the issue was whether the complaints made by the applicant prior to the warning was an operative factor. The Court held it was not: the formal warning related to the conduct of the applicant in 2010, and for no other reason. Further, the Court rejected the applicant's contention that AV breached the implied term of trust and confidence, as the warning was issued with reasonable and proper cause.

In relation to the applicant's termination, the Court rejected the submission that his employment was terminated partly because of his persistence in exercising his workplace rights. The Court found the reason the applicant's employment was terminated was because of his "unprovoked and unreasonable personal attack" on his Team Manager.

15 January 2014 - Rowland v Alfred Health [2014] FCA 2

Industrial law – adverse action – exercise of a workplace right – making of complaints – restructure – redundancy – whether complaint "in relation to employment" – whether adverse action taken for a prohibited reason – direct evidence of decision-makers concerning their reasons for the adverse action cogent and credible – statutory presumption displaced – making of complaints not a "substantial and operative" factor in decision to take adverse action.


10 January 2014 - Munro v State of Queensland [2014] QDC 003

A 50 year old registered Nurse, working in a mental health unit of Logan hospital, fell and injured her left hand whilst undertaking an aggressive management course run by a properly qualified instructor. She alleged the injury was caused by the negligence of her employer, the defendant, who had organised the training. The defendant denied this.

The manoeuvre in question involved the plaintiff sliding her foot backwards on a mat. As she did this, her shoe caught the mat, causing her to lose balance and fall. The Court accepted that the instructor had given her detailed instructions on the technique before she attempted it, as it was his usual practice to do so.

Nevertheless, the plaintiff's expert was critical of the instructor's teaching method, maintaining that the "exercise should have been broken up into its component parts, [so] it was inappropriate to have the students performing the whole manoeuvre straight off." As there was no expert evidence to confirm the reasonableness of the instructor's method, the Court agreed with the plaintiff's expert, deeming it unreasonable.

The Court commented that, "inevitably there was some risk of injury from a course of this nature, but the advantages of participation ... would ordinarily outweigh the disadvantage of that risk." In this case, however, the employer did not take reasonable care to minimise the risk of injury to its employee, as it allowed a teaching method to be used that, in fact, increased that risk.

The plaintiff was awarded $60,000 in addition to the WorkCover refund.

New South Wales (NSW)

10 January 2014 - West v Director-General, NSW Ministry of Health in respect of Western Sydney local health district [2014] NSWIRComm 1001

Public sector disciplinary appeal - application for summary dismissal of appeal - asserted exclusion of appellant by effect of s.92(1)(b) of the Industrial Relations Act 1996 - principles of statutory interpretation - industrial instrument - literal meaning of statute - circumstances in which statute can be construed to be ineffective - obligation to give effect to statute where possible - preferred interpretation of subs.92(1)(b) - appeal excluded by s.92(1)(b) - motion upheld - appeal dismissed.

Western Australia (WA)

14 January 2014 - St John of God Health Care Inc v Austin [2014] WASCA 11

Workers' Compensation - Construction Of S 93k(4)(c) Of Workers' Compensation And Injury Management Act 1981 (WA). Whether s 93K(4)(c)(i) of Workers' Compensation and Injury Management Act 1981 (WA) requires plaintiff to make election prior to commencing proceedings - Meaning of word "within" in s 93K(4)(c)(i) of Workers' Compensation and Injury Management Act 1981 (WA) - Whether Court of Appeal has power to make a nunc pro tunc order or declaration where plaintiff fails to comply with the procedural requirements of s 93K(4)(c)(i) of Workers' Compensation and Injury Management Act 1981 (WA).


8 January 2014 - National Health (price and special patient contribution) amendment determination 2014 (No. 1) (No. PB 2 of 2014) F2014L00052 " PB 2 of 2014.

8 January 2014 - National Health (listing of pharmaceutical benefits) amendment instrument 2014 (No. 1) (No. PB 1 of 2014) F2014L00051 " PB 1 of 2014.

14 January 2014 - National Health Act 1953 - amendment determination under section 84AH (2014) (No. 1) (No. PB 7 of 2014) F2014L00064 " PB 7 of 2014.


Australia. Department of Health & Ageing

Media releases

17 January 2014 - More help for Blue Mountains women after fires. Women in the Blue Mountains will have better access to drug and alcohol treatment programs as a result of additional funding being provided by the Australian Government.

Australia. Health Practitioner Regulation Agency and the boards

15 January 2014 - Nursing & midwifery Board - National health impairment program. Seeking qualified and experienced parties to explore health impairment referral, treatment and rehabilitation services for regulated health professionals. Read More.

15 January 2014 - Review of midwife standards for practice. Seeking qualified and experienced parties to review the midwife standards for practice. Read More.

15 January 2014 - The Optometry Board has issued a statement following a Supreme Court of Queensland ruling. Read More.

14 January 2014 - The Dental Board of Australia and the Dental Council (New Zealand) have released a joint communiqué on the project to develop lists of "competencies" for the recognised dental specialties. Read More.

14 January 2014 - The National Specialist International Medical Graduate (IMG) Committee releases its latest Communiqué. Read More.

14 January 2014 - The Medical Board releases its latest Communiqué. Read More.

14 January 2014 - The medical radiation practice board releases information for education providers and employers about student registration. Read More.

13 January 2014 - The National Board has published its December communiqué. Read More.

Australia. National Health & Medical Research Council

CEO Health Research Translation Newsletter - December 2013.

Australia. Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA)

17 January 2014 - Apple's quick-impact weight loss capsules pose a serious risk to your health and should not be taken.

16 January 2014 - TGA presentation given at Department of Health, Sydney, 11 December 2013. Presentation on evidence supporting indications: benefits for consumers and industry was given during a TGA workshop and meeting with the Chinese medicine industry council.

15 January 2014 - Super Hard tablets pose a serious risk to your health and should not be taken.

10 January 2014 - Acai Berry Living-XS Diet capsules pose a serious risk to your health and should not be taken.

10 January 2014 - Erec-Bull tablets pose a serious risk to your health and should not be taken.

10 January 2014 - Euphausia superba oil - proposed revision: Draft compositional guideline. The TGA is seeking comments from interested parties on a proposed revision of the draft compositional guideline for Euphausia superba oil. Closing date: 21 February 2014.

Australian Institute of Health & Welfare

16 January 2014 - Deaths web pages.

15 January 2014 - Dental workforce 2012.

Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care

20 January 2014 - Please click here to view "On the Radar" newsletter.

Australian Capital Territory (ACT). Health Directorate

13 January 2014 – Extreme heat forecast for the ACT this week.

ACT Chief Health Officer Dr Paul Kelly and ACT Ambulance Service Chief Officer Mr David Foot today warned Canberrans that prolonged extreme heat conditions are forecast for the ACT this week from Tuesday 14 January until Saturday 18 January.

"We are all susceptible to heat-related stress and illness, which can range from mild to very serious. However, the elderly, young children and babies are most at risk during heat events."

ACT residents are encouraged to monitor family, friends and neighbours for symptoms of heat stress and implement some simple strategies to stay healthy during this heat event.

See the following links:

New South Wales (NSW). Ministry of Health

Media Releases

15 January 2014 - Air pollution health warning - Ozone.

Policy Directives & Guidelines

14 January 2014 - Policy for managed point of care testing (PoCT) service.

10 January 2014 - Payment to medical officers undertaking a clinical appraisal remotely.

10 January 2014 - Appointment of visiting practitioners in the NSW public health system.

Northern Territory. Department of Health

16 January 2014 - Robyn Lambley - alcohol mandatory treatment: latest statistics and six month review.

The second quarterly figures released today show the Government's Alcohol Mandatory Treatment system is having a significant impact in taking chronic alcoholics off the streets and giving them the opportunity to turn their lives around.

Queensland. Department of Health

16 January 2014 - Health stats debunk Labor's lies. Health Minister Lawrence Springborg has urged the federal opposition leader to stop telling lies and to check his facts to educate himself on the true position of Queensland Health.

16 January 2014 - New ambulance for Balmoral station. Paramedics at Balmoral ambulance station have taken delivery of a brand new $215,000 ambulance vehicle.

15 January 2014 - Newman Government's health action plan for Maryborough. Maryborough hospital will pilot a specialised orthopaedic surgery hub and host an endoscopy centre of excellence to rejuvenate health services in Maryborough and the Wide Bay region.

15 January 2014 - New flight paramedics for Wide Bay-Burnett. The Bundaberg ambulance station will now be staffed 24 hours a day by intensive care paramedics rather than an on-call system, following the addition of two new paramedics.

14 January 2014 - Cairns Hospital delivers new specialist services. The introduction of a new urology service at Cairns hospital will save hundreds of far north Queensland patients from having to travel to Brisbane for treatment.

14 January 2014 - Far North Queensland (FNQ) mental health boost – premier announces major tender. Queensland Premier Campbell Newman today announced that Hutchinson Builders had been awarded the tender to build a new twenty bed community care unit in Cairns, delivering a major boost to frontline mental health services.

14 January 2014 - Liberal National Party (LNP) delivering on Townsville paediatric pledge. Health services for children in north Queensland will be expanded following Premier Campbell Newman's announcement today that a dedicated paediatric intensive care unit will be built at Townsville hospital.

14 January 2014 - Townsville hospital tackles elective surgery list. The number of patients at Townsville hospital who have been waiting for more than a year for elective surgery has been slashed from 337 to just 18.

13 January 2014 - Redcliffe hospital slashes surgery wait times. Redcliffe hospital is on track to treat every single patient requiring urgent elective surgery within the national timeframes, which is further evidence of the Newman Government's success in slashing waiting times.

South Australia. Department for Health & Ageing

15 January 2014 - New emergency department (ED) for a new era at Modbury hospital. Residents of Adelaide's north-eastern suburbs now have access to a bigger and better ED at Modbury Hospital. Read more.

15 January 2014 - Strong support for women's and children's hospital move. Feedback from doctors, nurses, unions and the public has shown overwhelming support for the co-location of the women's and children's hospital with the new Royal Adelaide hospital. Read more.

Tasmania. Department of Health & Human Services

17 January 2014 - Audit of Royal Hobart hospital redevelopment.

14 January 2014 - New Deputy Secretary for children.

13 January 2014 - Beware of hot weather risks.

Victoria. Department of Health

17 January 2014 - Heat health alert for Monday 13 to Saturday 18 January 2014.

17 January 2014 - First sod turned on new Ballarat helipad. Premier Denis Napthine together with Minister for Health David Davis today turned the first sod for the new Ballarat base hospital helipad and car park project.

16 January 2014 - New emergency department opens at northern Hospital. The new $24.5 million emergency department at Epping's northern hospital was officially opened today with Premier Denis Napthine joining Minister for Health David Davis and Minister for Mental Health Mary Wooldridge today to celebrate the occasion.

15 January 2014 - Fines quadrupled in clamp on illicit tobacco. The Victorian coalition government will crack down on the dangerous illegal tobacco trade by quadrupling fines for retailers caught with illicit tobacco and cigarettes.

15 January 2014 - Official: Springvale botanical cemetery world's best. In a major international coup, Springvale botanical cemetery has become the first cemetery outside the United States of America to win the highly prestigious American cemetery excellence award for 2013.

13 January 2014 - Update: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

13 January 2014 - More doctors and nurses for Victorian hospitals. The Victorian coalition government today launched a new strategy to grow and develop the state's health workforce as 753 young medical interns start new careers in Victorian hospitals.

Western Australia (WA). Department of Health

Media Releases

16 January 2014 - Measles warning issued for people who attended Garden City Hoyts cinema complex.

14 January 2014 - Excess body mass linked to increasing hospital costs.

9 January 2014 - Pool owners warned of disease risk.

Operational Directives

16 January 2014 - Information Circular (IC) 0176/14 Department of Health Medical Practitioners (Metropolitan Health Services). Australian Medical Association (AuMA) Industrial Agreement 2013. Notification that the Department of Health Medical Practitioners (Metropolitan Health Services). AuMA Industrial Agreement 2013 (the Agreement) was registered and that the Agreement replaces the Department of Health Medical Practitioners (Metropolitan Health Services) AMA Industrial Agreement 2011.

16 January 2014 - IC 0175/14 Hospital workers (Government) award No. 21 of 1966 – Award variation advice of award variation for the hospital workers (Government) Award No.21 of 1966.

New Zealand. Ministry of Health

6 January 2014 - Immunisation is the best measles protection – updated 9 Jan. Media release.

1 January 2014 - Measles cases identified – updated 13 Jan. Media release.

United Kingdom (UK). Department of Health

16 January 2014 - Amendment to infant milk legislation.

15 January 2014 - Child sexual exploitation: health working group report.

15 January 2014 - China and the UK : partners in healthcare.

United States of America. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS)

15 January 2014 - HHS makes progress on health IT safety plan with release of the SAFER guides.

13 January 2014 - Nearly 2.2 million Americans selected plans in the health insurance marketplace.

11 January 2014 - 50th Anniversary of the surgeon generals report on smoking and health.

10 January 2014 - HHS strengthens community living options for older Americans and people with disabilities.

Australian Medical Association (AuMA)

15 January 2014 - AuMA questions safety of pharmacy vaccinations. The AuMA has written to the Queensland Government's Chief Health Officer raising serious patient safety concerns about a Queensland trial of community pharmacists providing flu vaccinations. Read more.

14 January 2014 - AuMA President, Dr Steve Hambleton, 5AA Adelaide, General Practitioner co-payments. Transcript: AuMA President, Dr Steve Hambleton, 5AA Adelaide, 30 December 2013 Subject: GP co-payment fee, alcohol misuse, young people and exercise Read more.

British Medical Association (BMA)

16 January 2014 - Peers back amendment to lobbying bill staff costs clause. A BMA supported change on staff costs in the controversial lobbying bill has been backed by peers.

16 January 2014 - Doctors leaders step up call for accurate patient coding. The BMA has escalated calls for patients to be accurately recorded under the senior doctor responsible for their care.

15 January 20-14 - Public health research units welcomed by doctors. Medical academics have praised the formation of new research units, which have been awarded funding to deliver across 12 key public health areas.

14 January 2014 - Government addresses BMA concerns with lobbying bill. Key BMA concerns about the controversial lobbying bill have been partially addressed by new government amendments, the association has said.

14 January 2014 - Views needed on end of life care. Doctors are being urged to share their views on proposed new advice for health professionals on end-of-life care.

14 January 2014 - Turkish president urged to reject emergency care law. The BMA and health organisations want the Turkish president to reject a law that will criminalise doctors for providing emergency care without state approval.

14 January 2014 - BMA calls on employers to improve integration of women. Employers should consider how to improve the integration of women into the medical workforce, as new research highlights issues with male-dominated workplaces, the BMA has said.

13 January 2014 - Doctors seek to improve public understanding of medical research. Medical academic leaders have called for better public understanding of health research, as charities launched a campaign on the importance of sharing medical records.

10 January 2014 - What's in store for the future of public health? The BMA is surveying public health professionals to find out about their working lives and what they predict for the future of the specialty.

10 January 2014 - Survey reveals level of specialist and speciality (SAS) doctors' autonomy. A BMA survey has revealed the high levels of autonomous working among staff, associate specialists and specialty doctors.

10 January 2014 - BMA focuses on doctors' value. The BMA will be launching an ambitious programme to help empower doctors in 2014.

Canadian Medical Association (CMA)

14 January 2014 - "Time to roll up sleeves" in face of dementia epidemic: CMA. Is Canada prepared for the "dementia epidemic" that it faces? The CMA says it isn't, and it had better start getting ready soon.

10 January 2014 - Fee-for-service payments: down, but far from out. Fee-for-service (FFS) payments, which have anchored physician remuneration in Canada for decades, appear to be beating a slow but steady retreat in the face of growing popularity of other payment methods. Particularly popular are "blended payments" that combine different types of payments, from FFS to service contracts and practice incentives.

American Medical Association (AMA)

16 January 2014 - How the three sustainable growth rate (SGR) repeal bills would change current law. A new comparison of the three versions of legislation to repeal Medicare's failed SGR formula reveals how each bill would impact laws in place today and how the proposals compare to one another.

15 January 2014 - Top four issues medical associations will take to state legislatures in 2014. As state lawmakers prepare for this year's legislative sessions, about 200 medical association leaders last week discussed strategies for advancing medicine's top legislative and regulatory priorities in 2014. Four issues came out at the top of the list.

14 January 2014 - Putting the new hypertension guideline into practice. An online resource from the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) Network can help physicians evaluate and adopt the new evidence-based guideline for managing hypertension in the one-third of U.S. adults who have the high risk condition.

© DLA Piper

This publication is intended as a general overview and discussion of the subjects dealt with. It is not intended to be, and should not used as, a substitute for taking legal advice in any specific situation. DLA Piper Australia will accept no responsibility for any actions taken or not taken on the basis of this publication.

DLA Piper Australia is part of DLA Piper, a global law firm, operating through various separate and distinct legal entities. For further information, please refer to

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Some comments from our readers…
“The articles are extremely timely and highly applicable”
“I often find critical information not available elsewhere”
“As in-house counsel, Mondaq’s service is of great value”

Mondaq Advice Centre (MACs)
Up-coming Events Search
Font Size:
Mondaq on Twitter
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).
Email Address
Company Name
Confirm Password
Mondaq Topics -- Select your Interests
 Law Performance
 Law Practice
 Media & IT
 Real Estate
 Wealth Mgt
Asia Pacific
European Union
Latin America
Middle East
United States
Worldwide Updates
Check to state you have read and
agree to our Terms and Conditions

Terms & Conditions and Privacy Statement (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd and as a user you are granted a non-exclusive, revocable license to access the Website under its terms and conditions of use. Your use of the Website constitutes your agreement to the following terms and conditions of use. Mondaq Ltd may terminate your use of the Website if you are in breach of these terms and conditions or if Mondaq Ltd decides to terminate your license of use for whatever reason.

Use of

You may use the Website but are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the content and articles available (the Content). You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these terms & conditions or with the prior written consent of Mondaq Ltd. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information about’s content, users or contributors in order to offer them any services or products which compete directly or indirectly with Mondaq Ltd’s services and products.


Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the documents and related graphics published on this server for any purpose. All such documents and related graphics are provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers hereby disclaim all warranties and conditions with regard to this information, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. In no event shall Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information available from this server.

The documents and related graphics published on this server could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically added to the information herein. Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described herein at any time.


Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including what sort of information you are interested in, for three primary purposes:

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, newsletter alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our information providers who provide information free for your use.

Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) do not sell or provide your details to third parties other than information providers. The reason we provide our information providers with this information is so that they can measure the response their articles are receiving and provide you with information about their products and services.

If you do not want us to provide your name and email address you may opt out by clicking here .

If you do not wish to receive any future announcements of products and services offered by Mondaq by clicking here .

Information Collection and Use

We require site users to register with Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to view the free information on the site. We also collect information from our users at several different points on the websites: this is so that we can customise the sites according to individual usage, provide 'session-aware' functionality, and ensure that content is acquired and developed appropriately. This gives us an overall picture of our user profiles, which in turn shows to our Editorial Contributors the type of person they are reaching by posting articles on Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) – meaning more free content for registered users.

We are only able to provide the material on the Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) site free to site visitors because we can pass on information about the pages that users are viewing and the personal information users provide to us (e.g. email addresses) to reputable contributing firms such as law firms who author those pages. We do not sell or rent information to anyone else other than the authors of those pages, who may change from time to time. Should you wish us not to disclose your details to any of these parties, please tick the box above or tick the box marked "Opt out of Registration Information Disclosure" on the Your Profile page. We and our author organisations may only contact you via email or other means if you allow us to do so. Users can opt out of contact when they register on the site, or send an email to with “no disclosure” in the subject heading

Mondaq News Alerts

In order to receive Mondaq News Alerts, users have to complete a separate registration form. This is a personalised service where users choose regions and topics of interest and we send it only to those users who have requested it. Users can stop receiving these Alerts by going to the Mondaq News Alerts page and deselecting all interest areas. In the same way users can amend their personal preferences to add or remove subject areas.


A cookie is a small text file written to a user’s hard drive that contains an identifying user number. The cookies do not contain any personal information about users. We use the cookie so users do not have to log in every time they use the service and the cookie will automatically expire if you do not visit the Mondaq website (or its affiliate sites) for 12 months. We also use the cookie to personalise a user's experience of the site (for example to show information specific to a user's region). As the Mondaq sites are fully personalised and cookies are essential to its core technology the site will function unpredictably with browsers that do not support cookies - or where cookies are disabled (in these circumstances we advise you to attempt to locate the information you require elsewhere on the web). However if you are concerned about the presence of a Mondaq cookie on your machine you can also choose to expire the cookie immediately (remove it) by selecting the 'Log Off' menu option as the last thing you do when you use the site.

Some of our business partners may use cookies on our site (for example, advertisers). However, we have no access to or control over these cookies and we are not aware of any at present that do so.

Log Files

We use IP addresses to analyse trends, administer the site, track movement, and gather broad demographic information for aggregate use. IP addresses are not linked to personally identifiable information.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that Mondaq (or its affiliate sites) are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of these third party sites. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this Web site.

Surveys & Contests

From time-to-time our site requests information from users via surveys or contests. Participation in these surveys or contests is completely voluntary and the user therefore has a choice whether or not to disclose any information requested. Information requested may include contact information (such as name and delivery address), and demographic information (such as postcode, age level). Contact information will be used to notify the winners and award prizes. Survey information will be used for purposes of monitoring or improving the functionality of the site.


If a user elects to use our referral service for informing a friend about our site, we ask them for the friend’s name and email address. Mondaq stores this information and may contact the friend to invite them to register with Mondaq, but they will not be contacted more than once. The friend may contact Mondaq to request the removal of this information from our database.


This website takes every reasonable precaution to protect our users’ information. When users submit sensitive information via the website, your information is protected using firewalls and other security technology. If you have any questions about the security at our website, you can send an email to

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user’s personally identifiable information changes (such as postcode), or if a user no longer desires our service, we will endeavour to provide a way to correct, update or remove that user’s personal data provided to us. This can usually be done at the “Your Profile” page or by sending an email to

Notification of Changes

If we decide to change our Terms & Conditions or Privacy Policy, we will post those changes on our site so our users are always aware of what information we collect, how we use it, and under what circumstances, if any, we disclose it. If at any point we decide to use personally identifiable information in a manner different from that stated at the time it was collected, we will notify users by way of an email. Users will have a choice as to whether or not we use their information in this different manner. We will use information in accordance with the privacy policy under which the information was collected.

How to contact Mondaq

You can contact us with comments or queries at

If for some reason you believe Mondaq Ltd. has not adhered to these principles, please notify us by e-mail at and we will use commercially reasonable efforts to determine and correct the problem promptly.