Australia: Health Alert - 25 June 2012


Australia. Administrative Appeals Tribunal

Aspen Pharmacare Australia Pty Ltd and Minister for Health and Ageing [2012] AATA 362 (15 June 2012)

A delegate of the Minister for Health and Ageing (respondent) decided that Di-Gesic and Doloxene should be removed from the Australian Register of Therapeutic Goods because recent and existing evidence regarding dextropropoxyphenel (DPP) indicated that their safety was unacceptable.

Aspen Phamacare Australia (applicant), who marketed Di-Gesic and Doloxene, sought review of the delegate's decision by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal.

The issue was whether the "quality, safety or efficacy" of each drug was "unacceptable" within the meaning of section 30(2)(a) of the Therapeutic Goods Act 1989 (Cth) (Act).

The Tribunal balanced efficacy against risks of hurt, injury or misuse.

On the issues of safety, the Tribunal found that:

  • It is not appropriate to refuse registration approval simply because the drugs may be used for self-harm
  • The risk of accidental overdose was real and could be mitigated but not entirely overcome
  • Many medications have contra-indications for particular patient groups or conditions and DPP is no different.

The Tribunal considered whether there were other suitable and efficacious alternative pain relief medicines. It concluded that there was likely to be a group of patients for whom there was unlikely to be an adequate analgesic alternative to DPP for mild to moderate pain. Its position was that the needs of individuals should not be subjected to the larger community interest unless they are truly inconsistent.

Furthermore, additional conditions could be imposed under section 28 of the Act regarding sales and prescriptions. Therefore the matter was remitted back for reconsideration.


Toula Brakoulias v Dr Chitra Karunaharan [2012] VSC 272 (12 June 2012)

Toula Brakoulias (plaintiff) alleged that Dr Chitra Karunaharan (defendant) was negligent in prescribing her Reductil (weight loss drug) and that it caused her cardiac arrest and injuries.

The proper construction of section 59 of the Wrongs Act 1958 (Vic) was the issue. It stated that a professional was "not negligent" in providing a professional service if they acted in a manner that satisfied the standard of care described in the section.

The question was whether:

  • S 59(1) superseded Rogers v Whitaker
  • Rogers v Whitaker still applied unless the defendant adduced evidence of peer professional opinion and s 59 then became an evidentiary burden
  • Rogers v Whitaker still applied and s 59 was a defence.

Amongst other reasons, the court noted the Act stated it did not intend to affect the common law. Therefore it held that s 59 should not supersede Rogers v Whitaker

The court stated that the common law creates the liability and the statute qualifies it. The words "a professional is not negligent if" appeared to make the section a defence. Two New South Wales decisions had concluded that for the NSW equivalent. The only person likely to rely on peer professional opinion under s 59 was the defendant professional. Therefore, s 59 enabled the professional to escape liability by bringing themselves within the section. This made s 59 a defence and was a legal burden, not an evidentiary burden.

New South Wales

Sudath v Health Care Complaints Commission [2012] NSWCA 171 (13 June 2012)

Medical practitioners - disciplinary proceedings before Medical Tribunal - separate complaints based on fact of criminal convictions and that practitioner not of good character - reliance on conduct as basis for assessment as to character - whether abuse of Tribunal's process to lead evidence inconsistent with findings on which prior convictions based.



Residential Care Subsidy Amendment Principles 2012 (No. 1) - F2012L01279 " as made

Private Health Insurance (Complying Product) Amendment Rules 2012 (No. 6) - F2012L01276 " as made

Health Insurance (Accredited Pathology Laboratories - Approval) Amendment Principles 2012 (No. 1) - F2012L01268 " as made

Health Insurance (Allied Health Services) Amendment Determination 2012 (No. 2) - F2012L01267 " as made

Private Health Insurance (Benefit Requirements) Amendment Rules 2012 (No. 4) - F2012L01264 " as made

Health Insurance Act 1973 (Cth) - Declaration of Quality Assurance Activity under section 124X (QAA No. 2/2012) - F2012L01226 " QAA 2/2012 as made

Australian Capital Territory

Official Visitor Act 2012 No. 33 assented to on 15 June 2012

New South Wales

Health Services Amendment (National Health Reform Agreement) Act 2012 - Assent: 20 June 2012

South Australia

Voluntary Euthanasia Bill 2012 - House of Assembly 14 June 2912 Motion for second reading lost (Bill rejected) (Private Member's Bill)

Western Australia

National Health Funding Pool Bill 2012 - Legislative Assembly second reading 20 June 2012

Mental Health Amendment Bill 2012 - Legislative Assembly on the 20 June 2012


Australia. Department of Health & Ageing

Media releases

  • 22 June 2012 - World Continence Week kicks off - In launching World Continence Week 2012 in Melbourne on 22 June, Minister for Ageing Mark Butler said an estimated four million Australians are affected to some degree by incontinence.
  • 21 June 2012 - Patients to benefit from 30 additional MRI licences for regional Australia -Health Minister Tanya Plibersek has announced another 30 regional licences for Medicarerebated magnetic resonance imaging services.
  • 21 June 2012 - You're not too old to donate life - Parliamentary Secretary for Health and Ageing Catherine King is appealing to older Australians to decide about and discuss their organ and tissue donation wishes with their loved ones.
  • 20 June 2012 - $24 Million for drug and alcohol research - Minister for Mental Health Mark Butler has announced $24 million over three years to be invested into alcohol and drug research.
  • 20 June 2012 - $8.7 million in grants for rural health practices - Rural patients will benefit from new infrastructure grants to 50 projects across Australia, Health Minister Tanya Plibersek announced on 20 June 2012.
  • 19 June 2012 - Peter Shergold appointed Chair of Aged Care Reform Implementation Council - Minister for Ageing Mark Butler has appointed one of Australia's eminent public servants, Professor Peter Shergold AC to Chair of the Aged Care Reform Implementation Council.
  • 18 June 2012 - $2.6 million for Drug Action Week - Drug Action Awareness activities will benefit from $2.6 million to support future events, Minister for Mental Health Mark Butler announced on 18 June. The announcement of this funding, which will also support the continuation of the National Drug and Alcohol Awards and other national drug-prevention activities, marks the start of Drug Action Week 2012.
  • 18 June 2012 - Anne Gooley to lead development of Aged Care Workforce Compact -Minister for Mental Health and Ageing Mark Butler has announced the appointment of Commissioner Anne Gooley as the Chair of the Aged Care Strategic Workforce Advisory Group.

Private health insurance circulars

Australian National Audit Office

20 June 2012 - Administration of the Health and Hospitals Fund

Australian Competition & Consumer Commission (ACCC)

21 June 2012 - ACCC invites comment on proposal to conditionally authorise collective bargaining for small private hospitals - The ACCC is inviting submissions in response to its draft determination. Release # NR 121/12

Report to the Australian Senate on anti-competitive and other practices by health funds and providers in relation to private health insurance, 1 July 2010 to 30 June 2011 - This is the 13 th report prepared by the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) in compliance with an order agreed to by the Australian Senate on 25 March 1999.

Australian Institute of Health & Welfare

21 June 2012 - Australia's health 2012 - Australia's health 2012: in brief | online - media release | watch Health Minister Plibersek's launch

Australia. National Blood Authority (NBA)

The first two Patient Blood Management Guidelines have been released – Critical Bleeding/Massive Transfusion and Perioperative. Both available free of charge for download or hard copies on NBA website. Third Module (Medical) is currently with National Health and Medical Research Council for approval. Fourth Module (Critical Care) is currently in public consultation. Public consultation for Module 5 (Obstetrics) and Module 6 (Paediatrics/Neonates) is due to start later in 2012.

The National Blood Authority is undertaking a review of the authorisation process and clinical governance framework for immunoglobulin (IVIg). A Review Advisory Group chaired by Dr Stephen Christley is working with consultants Ernst & Young. The first stage of the review is now complete. Findings include: a lack of data on IVIg use and outcomes data; the reliance on paper-based systems; the passion and commitment of healthcare workers involved with IVIg; lack of consistent practice in review of patients when ongoing treatment is needed; and different jurisdictional policies related to access to normal immunoglobulin (NIg). View article

Australia. National E-Health Transition Authority

15 June 2012 - National Authentication Service for Health (NASH) delay will not impact consumer registration for Personally Controlled Electronic Health Record (PCEHR) - National E-Health Transition Authority CEO Peter Fleming said today the delayed delivery of the NASH programme from IBM will have no impact on the launch of the personally controlled eHealth records system in July, or the ability for consumers to register for an eHealth record. Read more: NASH delay will not impact consumer registration for PCEHR

7 June 2012 - National E-Health Transition Authority (NEHTA) signs up Aged Care Software Vendors for eHealth Panel - NEHTA CEO Mr Peter Fleming said today NEHTA has successfully completed the Expression of Interest EOI process for Aged Care Vendor Systems and had executed contracts with all shortlisted vendors. Read more: NEHTA signs up Aged Care Software Vendors for eHealth Panel

Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency & the Boards

21 June 2012 - The [Physiotherapy] Board has published a Fact Sheet on endorsement for acupuncture. | Read Article

21 June 2012 - The Podiatry Board of Australia releases a newsletter. | Read Article

20 June 2012 - Call for Nominations or Expressions of Interest for Board Members - Queensland. | Read Article

18 June 2012 - The Nursing and Midwifery Board and AHPRA have published further detail of the National Board's financial statements. | Read Article

18 June 2012 - The Board has published new limited registration standards for overseas trained physiotherapists. | Read Article

18 June 2012 - The National Board has released an Explanatory Note regarding the Australian College of Midwives original Position Statement on Homebirth. | Read Article

18 June 2012 - [Nursing & Midwifery Board] Seeking qualified and experienced parties to undertake PII research. | Read Article

18 June 2012 - The Chinese Medicine Board of Australia releases its latest Communiqué. | Read Article

18 June 2012 - The Aboriginal Torres Strait Islander Health Practice Board of Australia releases its latest Communiqué. | Read Article

24 May 2012 - 20 June 2012 - The Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia releases its latest Communiqué. | Read Article

Australia. National Health & Medical Research Council

22 June 2012 - Australia's synchrotron to continue conducting world leading research

Research Tracker - 15 June edition

Australia. Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA)

22 June 2012 - Medicinal gases: Guide to interpretation of the PIC/S Guide - Guide to interpretation of the PIC/S Guide to Good Manufacturing Practice for Medicinal Products - 15 January 2009; applicable to the manufacture of medicinal gases.

21 June 2012 - Update on TGA decision to cancel prescription pain-killers - The TGA is updating the public and health care professionals about the regulatory status of dextropropoxyphene-containing pain-killers after a decision by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal that the TGA reconsider its decision to cancel Di-Gesic and Doloxene

20 June 2012 - Tuberculosis (BCG) vaccine - Sanofi-Aventis Australia Pty Ltd is recalling batches of tuberculosis (BCG) vaccine because the product's sterility cannot be assured.

18 June 2012 - Presentations about the regulation of biologicals - Presentations given by TGA staff about the regulation of biologicals.

Australian Capital Territory. Department of Health

Media releases

New South Wales. Ministry of Health

Media releases

Information bulletin

Northern Territory. Department of Health

Kon Vatskalis - Minister Welcomes Hospitals' Governing Councils - A new era in the governance of the Territory's public hospital system has begun, with the formation of the two new Governing Councils that will oversee the Top End and Central Australian Hospital Networks.

Kon Vatskalis - CLP's 'Vision' for Palmerston Hospital .... Is Barely Visible At All - The NT Government remains committed to delivering the Palmerston Hospital despite the CLP once again talking it down, Health Minister Kon Vatskalis said today.

Queensland. Department of Health

Media releases

Tasmania. Department of Health & Human Services

Media releases

Victoria. Department of Health

21 June 2012 - Mildura Base Hospital performing well - The Minister for Health David Davis has released the key findings of an independent review of Ramsay Health Care's delivery of health services in Mildura.

21 June 2012 - Modernising Victoria's health complaints arrangements - Submissions are being called for a review that aims to modernise the way health complaints are resolved by the Health Services Commissioner.

Evaluation of heatwave framework

Sustainability Update 6 May 2012

VICNISS eBulletin Jun 2012 (Edition52)

Western Australia. Department of Health

Media releases

Victoria. Office of the Health Services Commissioner

Review of the Health Services (Conciliation and Review) Act

Review of the Health Records Regulations 2002

Appointments to the Health Services Review Council

Health Records Act Online Training - Now Free

New Zealand. Ministry of Health

20 June 2012 - Annual Review of Drinking-Water Quality in New Zealand 2010-2011 - This report describes the microbiological and chemical quality of water in New Zealand drinking water supplies serving populations of more than 100 people, and progress towards meeting the requirements of the Health Act 1956, from July 2010 to June 2011. Read more

19 June 2012 - Refugee Health Care: A Handbook for Health Professionals - This handbook is designed to support health workers in primary, community and secondary health care settings in the delivery of safe, effective and culturally appropriate care for their refugee clients. Read more

New Zealand. Medsafe

Adrenaline Protocol Guideline for Schools - This has been updated

United Kingdom. Department of Health

Views sought on making Nursery Milk Scheme more cost effective - A consultation on how the Nursery Milk Scheme operates launches today. The current nursery milk scheme has been running since the 1940s. Read more ? Views sought on making Nursery Milk Scheme more cost effective

New working group to help families juggle work and caring responsibilities - Care Services Minister Paul Burstow has announced a new government and employers working group to help give carers the support they need to stay in work alongside their caring responsibilities. Read more ? New working group to help families juggle work and caring responsibilities - Published: 21 June 2012

The Year 2011/12 – National Health Service (NHS) Chief Executive's annual report published - The Year 2011/12 launched today at the annual NHS Confederation Conference and Exhibition. This is the annual report for 2011/12. Read more ? The Year 2011/12 – NHS Chief Executive's annual report published - Published: 21 June 2012

British Medical Association (BMA) industrial action on Thursday 21 June - Although members of BMA are taking industrial action this Thursday, all emergency and urgent care will be provided. All GP surgeries will be open as usual. Read more ? BMA industrial action on Thursday 21 June - Published: 19 June 2012

Personal health budget pilots: fifth interim evaluation report - The fifth interim independent evaluation report about the personal health budget pilot programme has been published by the personal health budgets evaluation team. Read more ? Personal health budget pilots: fifth interim evaluation report - Published: 19 June 2012

Alzheimer's Society training programme in care homes aims to reduce antipsychotic prescriptions - An Alzheimer's Society training programme, supported by funding from the Department of Health and the HC-One care home group, is being rolled out to 150 care homes across the UK. Read more ? Alzheimer's Society training programme in care homes aims to reduce antipsychotic prescriptions - Published: 18 June 2012

Final expert report on PiP breast implants published -The NHS Medical Director's expert group, which has been looking at PiP breast implants, has today published its final report. The group is led by Professor Sir Bruce Keogh. Read more ? Final expert report on PiP breast implants published Published: 18 June 2012

Canada. Health Canada

19 June 2012 - Harper Government takes action with larger health warnings on tobacco products -Tough new warning labels take effect today

United States of America. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS)

New health IT effort aimed at reducing prescription drug abuse to be tested in Indiana and Ohio - Existing prescription drug use data will be made available to providers and pharmacists when treating patients in ambulatory and emergency departments through a new pilot program launched today by the HHS Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC).

More than 100,000 health care providers paid for using electronic health records - More than 100,000 health care providers are using electronic health records that meet federal standards and have benefitted from the Medicare and Medicaid Electronic Health Record Incentive Programs, the Centres for Medicare and Medicaid Services and the ONC announced today.

Department of Health and Human Services releases annual Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) report - HHS today released the 2012 report of the HHS LGBT Issues Coordinating Committee, which outlines many accomplishments from this past year and sets new goals for the coming year with respect to the health and wellbeing of the LGBT community.

HHS creates new centers to develop, manufacture medical countermeasures - The US Department of Health and Human Services today established three new centres to develop and manufacture medical countermeasures, such as vaccines and medicines used to protect health in emergencies, and can transition quickly and cost effectively between products. The centres will aid in bringing new medical countermeasures to the market faster and would help to train the biopharmaceutical workforce needed in the future.

British Medical Assocation

20 June 2012 - BMA response to the Secretary of State for Health's speech to the NHS Confederation conference

19 June 2012 - BMA reassures patients that all urgent care will be provided on day of action

Australian Medical Association (AMA)

20 June 2012 - Submission: TGA consultation on evidence required to support indications for Listed Medicines - The AMA supports the improved evidence requirements contained in the Therapeutic Goods Administration's draft document Evidence Required to Support Indications for Listed Medicines. The AMA welcomes the strengthening of regulations to help protect the public. However, until the TGA has the resources to undertake more audits of sponsor information, the system for listing evidence will still be open to fraud.

20 June 2012 - Australian National Audit Office (ANAO) report shows that GP Infrastructure Grants deliver better primary care that GP Super Clinics - AMA President Dr Steve Hambleton said today that the latest report from ANAO on the Primary Care Infrastructure Grants Program shows clearly that the Program is a far better primary care investment for the Government than the troubled GP Super Clinics Program. Dr Hambleton said that investing in existing quality local general practices that have served their communities for years is much smarter than importing expensive poorly-planned "white elephants" that drain vital funds from the health system.

20 June 2012 - AMA launches medical training survey - The AMA has this week invited thousands of doctors in training nationwide to participate in a confidential online survey on the quality of the training, education and supervision they are receiving in hospitals across the country. The AMA Junior Doctor Training, Education and Supervision Survey is the second of its type, with a similar survey in 2009 attracting more than 900 responses.

20 June 2012 - Submission: Health Workforce Australia (HWA) Prescribing Pathways Project - Prescribing by non-medical health professionals should only occur within a consistent and sustainable medically delegated environment to ensure safe and high quality prescribing. This submission to HWA details the principles and requirements necessary for this to occur.

Canadian Medical Association

19 June 2012 - Wait times are getting worse: report card

18 June 2012 - New banking plan offers reduced costs for MDs

American Medical Association (AMA)

Media releases

© DLA Piper

This publication is intended as a general overview and discussion of the subjects dealt with. It is not intended to be, and should not used as, a substitute for taking legal advice in any specific situation. DLA Piper Australia will accept no responsibility for any actions taken or not taken on the basis of this publication.

DLA Piper Australia is part of DLA Piper, a global law firm, operating through various separate and distinct legal entities. For further information, please refer to

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Some comments from our readers…
“The articles are extremely timely and highly applicable”
“I often find critical information not available elsewhere”
“As in-house counsel, Mondaq’s service is of great value”

Mondaq Advice Centre (MACs)
Up-coming Events Search
Font Size:
Mondaq on Twitter
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).
Email Address
Company Name
Confirm Password
Mondaq Topics -- Select your Interests
 Law Performance
 Law Practice
 Media & IT
 Real Estate
 Wealth Mgt
Asia Pacific
European Union
Latin America
Middle East
United States
Worldwide Updates
Check to state you have read and
agree to our Terms and Conditions

Terms & Conditions and Privacy Statement (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd and as a user you are granted a non-exclusive, revocable license to access the Website under its terms and conditions of use. Your use of the Website constitutes your agreement to the following terms and conditions of use. Mondaq Ltd may terminate your use of the Website if you are in breach of these terms and conditions or if Mondaq Ltd decides to terminate your license of use for whatever reason.

Use of

You may use the Website but are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the content and articles available (the Content). You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these terms & conditions or with the prior written consent of Mondaq Ltd. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information about’s content, users or contributors in order to offer them any services or products which compete directly or indirectly with Mondaq Ltd’s services and products.


Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the documents and related graphics published on this server for any purpose. All such documents and related graphics are provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers hereby disclaim all warranties and conditions with regard to this information, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. In no event shall Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information available from this server.

The documents and related graphics published on this server could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically added to the information herein. Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described herein at any time.


Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including what sort of information you are interested in, for three primary purposes:

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, newsletter alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our information providers who provide information free for your use.

Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) do not sell or provide your details to third parties other than information providers. The reason we provide our information providers with this information is so that they can measure the response their articles are receiving and provide you with information about their products and services.

If you do not want us to provide your name and email address you may opt out by clicking here .

If you do not wish to receive any future announcements of products and services offered by Mondaq by clicking here .

Information Collection and Use

We require site users to register with Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to view the free information on the site. We also collect information from our users at several different points on the websites: this is so that we can customise the sites according to individual usage, provide 'session-aware' functionality, and ensure that content is acquired and developed appropriately. This gives us an overall picture of our user profiles, which in turn shows to our Editorial Contributors the type of person they are reaching by posting articles on Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) – meaning more free content for registered users.

We are only able to provide the material on the Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) site free to site visitors because we can pass on information about the pages that users are viewing and the personal information users provide to us (e.g. email addresses) to reputable contributing firms such as law firms who author those pages. We do not sell or rent information to anyone else other than the authors of those pages, who may change from time to time. Should you wish us not to disclose your details to any of these parties, please tick the box above or tick the box marked "Opt out of Registration Information Disclosure" on the Your Profile page. We and our author organisations may only contact you via email or other means if you allow us to do so. Users can opt out of contact when they register on the site, or send an email to with “no disclosure” in the subject heading

Mondaq News Alerts

In order to receive Mondaq News Alerts, users have to complete a separate registration form. This is a personalised service where users choose regions and topics of interest and we send it only to those users who have requested it. Users can stop receiving these Alerts by going to the Mondaq News Alerts page and deselecting all interest areas. In the same way users can amend their personal preferences to add or remove subject areas.


A cookie is a small text file written to a user’s hard drive that contains an identifying user number. The cookies do not contain any personal information about users. We use the cookie so users do not have to log in every time they use the service and the cookie will automatically expire if you do not visit the Mondaq website (or its affiliate sites) for 12 months. We also use the cookie to personalise a user's experience of the site (for example to show information specific to a user's region). As the Mondaq sites are fully personalised and cookies are essential to its core technology the site will function unpredictably with browsers that do not support cookies - or where cookies are disabled (in these circumstances we advise you to attempt to locate the information you require elsewhere on the web). However if you are concerned about the presence of a Mondaq cookie on your machine you can also choose to expire the cookie immediately (remove it) by selecting the 'Log Off' menu option as the last thing you do when you use the site.

Some of our business partners may use cookies on our site (for example, advertisers). However, we have no access to or control over these cookies and we are not aware of any at present that do so.

Log Files

We use IP addresses to analyse trends, administer the site, track movement, and gather broad demographic information for aggregate use. IP addresses are not linked to personally identifiable information.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that Mondaq (or its affiliate sites) are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of these third party sites. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this Web site.

Surveys & Contests

From time-to-time our site requests information from users via surveys or contests. Participation in these surveys or contests is completely voluntary and the user therefore has a choice whether or not to disclose any information requested. Information requested may include contact information (such as name and delivery address), and demographic information (such as postcode, age level). Contact information will be used to notify the winners and award prizes. Survey information will be used for purposes of monitoring or improving the functionality of the site.


If a user elects to use our referral service for informing a friend about our site, we ask them for the friend’s name and email address. Mondaq stores this information and may contact the friend to invite them to register with Mondaq, but they will not be contacted more than once. The friend may contact Mondaq to request the removal of this information from our database.


This website takes every reasonable precaution to protect our users’ information. When users submit sensitive information via the website, your information is protected using firewalls and other security technology. If you have any questions about the security at our website, you can send an email to

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user’s personally identifiable information changes (such as postcode), or if a user no longer desires our service, we will endeavour to provide a way to correct, update or remove that user’s personal data provided to us. This can usually be done at the “Your Profile” page or by sending an email to

Notification of Changes

If we decide to change our Terms & Conditions or Privacy Policy, we will post those changes on our site so our users are always aware of what information we collect, how we use it, and under what circumstances, if any, we disclose it. If at any point we decide to use personally identifiable information in a manner different from that stated at the time it was collected, we will notify users by way of an email. Users will have a choice as to whether or not we use their information in this different manner. We will use information in accordance with the privacy policy under which the information was collected.

How to contact Mondaq

You can contact us with comments or queries at

If for some reason you believe Mondaq Ltd. has not adhered to these principles, please notify us by e-mail at and we will use commercially reasonable efforts to determine and correct the problem promptly.