By Justin Byrne, Special Counsel
Exposure draft legislation released this week will allow geothermal explorers to access immediate tax write offs and deductions for exploration expenses in certain circumstances.
The new rules will apply to assets first used after 1 July 2012, and will give geothermal exploration entities the same ability to claim immediate tax deductions and depreciation on certain assets as miners and other exploration companies.
The introduction of the draft legislation follows the Government's announcement in March 2011 that it would adopt the Policy Transition Group's recommendations in relation to Australia's new resource taxation arrangements.
Here, special counsel Justin Byrne outlines the key changes introduced by the draft legislation and gives examples of the new rules in practice.
- If the legislation is passed, geothermal exploration rights will now be included as depreciating assets for tax purposes, and will be immediately deductible provided certain criteria are met.
- Geothermal exploration information will also be included as a depreciating asset and will also be immediately deductible provided certain criteria are met.
- The cost of a depreciating asset first used in geothermal energy exploration may be immediately deductible. However, an immediate deduction is not available if the asset, when first used, is used for development drilling for geothermal energy resources or for the design or development of geothermal energy extraction.
How the new rules will work
Based on examples outlined in the Explanatory Memorandum to the draft legislation, here are two examples1 of how the new rules will work in practice:
Greensteam Pty Ltd is a geothermal energy exploration company searching for geothermal energy resources in the Great Sandy Desert. Greensteam carries on a business that includes exploration or prospecting for geothermal energy resources from which energy can be extracted by geothermal energy extraction.
Greensteam estimates that it will need to drill over 500 exploration wells as part of its exploration program. Rather than lease drilling machinery to conduct the exploration work, the company determines that it would be cheaper to purchase its own drilling equipment. Greensteam purchases drilling equipment on 15 May 2013 for $500,000 and uses it to explore for geothermal energy resources. The first exploratory drill hole undertaken as part of Greensteam's exploration program is drilled in search of hot underground water. The drilling of this first hole constitutes a use of the drilling equipment for exploration or prospecting for geothermal energy resources.
At that time, Greensteam does not know that the required conditions will be found in the drill hole and so it does not use the drilling equipment for development drilling for geothermal energy resources or for the design or development of geothermal energy extraction.
Greensteam is able to immediately deduct the cost of the drilling equipment.
Percolating Power Co holds a geothermal exploration right and conducts exploration activities on the tenement, the results of which indicate a geothermal energy resource that is technically feasible to extract. The company undertakes further work to determine if development of the resource is economically viable. Based on these findings, the company determines that geothermal energy extraction is economically feasible, and that a power plant should be established to utilise the geothermal energy extracted to produce electricity to be fed into the transmission lines of the local grid.
The company applies to the relevant State government authority for the grant of a geothermal production licence with the expectation that it will be approved within six months.
In the meantime, Percolating Power Co continues to use its exploration right to drill further holes to determine where the best energy flows are located and where the power plant should be built. It spends $1 million on this additional work.
The expenditure incurred on additional drilling is not incurred on exploration or prospecting for geothermal energy resources from which energy can be extracted by geothermal energy extraction. Rather, the expenditure is directed towards the design or development of geothermal energy extraction. As a result, the cost of the additional drilling work is not immediately deductible.
Generally, the expenditure incurred on design work that leads to the development of depreciating assets forms part of the cost of those assets and is generally subject to ordinary decline in value deductions (ie depreciation), as is the case for the costs of any other electricity producer's energy generation assets.
Progress of the draft legislation
The exposure draft calls for submissions to be made on or before 22 June 2012. Given that the draft legislation provides tax benefits based on assets acquired, expenditure incurred or assets first used on or after 1 July 2012, it is irrelevant whether the legislation is passed before or after that date. However, we anticipate that final legislation will be passed through Parliament close to or just after 30 June 2012.
1 Based on examples 2.1 and 2.6 of the Explanatory Memorandum
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