Australia: Health Alert - 23 August 2010

Last Updated: 24 August 2010
Article by Lex Holcombe

Welcome to this week's edition of Health Alert.The Health Alert is transmitted on Monday of each week (unless there is a public holiday on Monday)

Health Alert is a summary of the critical judgments, legislation, press releases and news items which have come to our attention each week. Many of the summaries will contain a hyperlink.

If an item is of special interest, we may insert commentary into the body of Health Alert.However in general, Health Alertis a quick and effective means of ensuring that you are aware of significant recent changes with little or no commentary from ourselves.

If you would like to include a colleague or contact on our distribution list, or be removed from the list and not receive further issues from us, please contact Legal Updates at with the relevant contact details.


Victorian Civil & Administrative Tribunal

Medical Practitioners Board of Victoria v Williams & Anor (Occupational and Business Regulation) [2010] VCAT 1277 (5 August 2010)

Occupational & Business Regulation List – medical practitioners – unprofessional conduct – Health Professions Registration Act 2005Medical Practice Act 1994 s 3, s 45A

Shortly after giving birth at South Eastern Private Hospital, Mrs Siriwan began to haemorrhage. She passed away later the same day from post partum haemorrhage complicating amniotic fluid embolism. Her treating obstetrician Mr Lichter, and anaesthetist Dr Williams, were both found to have engaged in unprofessional conduct of a serious nature. They faced joint and separate allegations. They were jointly alleged of

  • failing to assess and/or adequately address Mrs Siriwan's blood loss and haemodynamic instability;
  • failing appropriately to manage Mrs Siriwan's continuing blood loss; and
  • failing to address Mrs Siriwan's coagulopathy.

Mr Lichter was also alleged of inappropriately transferring Mrs Siriwan from the South Eastern Private Hospital to the Monash Medical Centre; and Dr Williams was alleged of failing to appropriately manage Mrs Siriwan's deteriorating condition before and during the transfer from the South Eastern Private Hospital to the Monash Medical Centre.

Two of the Victorian Civil Administrative Tribunal's key findings against Mrs Siriwan's Obstetrician Mr Lichter, which have general application to practitioners, are:

1. Inappropriate management when using an unorthodox method

The obstetrician inserted gauze vaginal packs in an attempt to stem the uterine bleeding. After observing the patient for approximately half an hour the obstetrician left the patient and returned to his rooms. The tribunal found that the obstetrician's management was 'woefully inadequate' because he:

  • Failed to make a note of his observations in any of the relevant records';
  • 'Left post-operative instructions for 'routine post-anaesthetic observations and intensive nursing' and no more' [when the patient was desperately ill], and
  • 'Provided Dr Williams [anaesthetist] with no detailed handover, simply saying to him 'will you be here if anything happens in the meantime, otherwise I will be in my rooms'.

The tribunal took into account Mr Lichter's own lack of experience in performing this procedure found that he also should have remained with the patient longer or at the very least have ensures that the monitoring system set up was going to alert him if there were signs of deterioration.

2. Delayed decision making to transfer a critically ill patient

Mr Lichter decided to transfer Mrs Siriwan to a nearby private hospital for an emergency hysterectomy. He then reversed his decision and directed that she be transferred to the Monash Medical Centre.

In general comments the tribunal found that 'sufficient urgency' was not displayed to accomplish the transfer and 'too much weight was given to bureaucratic niceties.'

Further, it appeared to the tribunal that "Considerations relating to the insured status of Mrs Siriwan intruded upon Dr Lichter's reasoning processes." They found that in the circumstances of an emergency, and in light of the sentiments expressed by her husband, this was unprofessional.

The tribunal also made general comments about the conduct of the obstetrician in the proceedings.The tribunal were troubled by the Mr Lichter's tendency to lay the blame on others rather than taking responsibility himself.

Western Australia. State Administrative Tribunal

[2010] WASAT 110 30/07/2010 LM and MM

The represented person had advanced dementia and was a resident in a nursing home. Her daughter had been appointed as her guardian. The daughter had been banned from the nursing home where her mother lived and the WA Administrative tribunal found that the relationship between the daughter and the nursing home had completely broken down. The tribunal found that the daughter could not perform her function as an objective guardian to consent to medical treatment on her mother's behalf. The Tribunal appointed the Public Advocate as an independent Guardian.

[2010] WASAT 108 28/7/2010 SM

A person who was under a guardianship order in South Australia travelled to Western Australia for medical treatment of her foot. The Public Advocate applied for the appointment of a guardian in Western Australia to assist while the represented person was resident there.

The tribunal found that the woman was a person for whom a guardian could be appointed, as she was unable to make reasonable judgments about her person. However the tribunal was not satisfied of the need for a guardian in Western Australia because

A South Australian guardianship order is recognised in Western Australia under the Western Australian Guardianship and Administration Act 1990

On a practical level, the guardian appointed in South Australia had been able, with some difficulty, to arrange and consent to the medical treatment, the represented person's discharge from hospital and arrange for services on her behalf while she was resident in Western Australia.



Private Health Insurance (Benefit Requirements) Amendment Rules 2010 (No. 5)

- F2010L02320 - Health - These Rules amend the Private Health Insurance (Benefit Requirements) Rules 2010 in relation to Queensland and Western Australia and also reflect changes in Medical Benefits Schedule item numbers which commenced on 1 May 2010.

Private Health Insurance (Complying Product) Amendment Rules 2010 (No. 3)

- F2010L02340 - Health - These Rules amend the Private Health Insurance (Complying Product) Rules 2010 by changing the amount for the Nursing-Home Type Patient contribution at public hospitals in Western Australia.

Australian Capital Territory

Health Legislation Amendment Act 2010 No. 2 - commenced on 16 August

New South Wales

Health Administration Regulation 2010(No. 427 of 2010)- Notification 13/08/2010


Non-Emergency Patient Transport Amendment Regulations 201017/08/2010

Public Health and Wellbeing Amendment Regulations 2010 (No. 79 of 2010) - Commencement

Assisted Reproductive Treatment Amendment Regulations 2010(No. 74 of 2010) - Commencement


Australia.Department of Health & Ageing

Private Health Insurance Circulars

PHI 52/10 - Electronic Submission of HCP & PHDB Data to DoHA

PHI 51/10 - Hospital Information

Tobacco resources - List of tobacco-related resources.

Outcomes and proposed next steps: review of the access to allied psychological services component of the better outcomes in mental health care program - This report summarises the success of the ATAPS program to date, presents the outcomes of the review process and identifies key directions to refine and further improve the initiative.

Lifescripts resources - Resources to assist GPs and their practices to manage lifestyle-related risk factors

Joint TGA/PBD discussion paper on Similar Biological Medicinal Products (SBMPs) - closing date extended - A discussion paper regarding the regulation and reimbursement of Similar Biological Medicinal...

Australia. Therapeutic Goods Administration

Medical devices essential principles checklist (updated)

IVD guidance documents(new)

Guidance on applying for low value turnover exemption from annual charges - Due date changed from 1 November 2010 to 2 September 2010(updated)

NDPSC June 2010 post-meeting gazette notice (new)

NDPSC June 2010 records of reasons(new)

Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Authority

Media Release: Doctors urged to renew online - 19 Aug 2010 Statement from the Medical Board of Australia

Updated FAQ on English Language Skills Registration Standard for Nurses and Midwives - 18 Aug 2010

SA Nurses & Midwives Registration Renewal Now Due - 16 Aug 2010 Statement from the Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia

Australia. Private Health Insurance Ombudsman

20 Aug 2010 - New Factsheet: Mental Health - Private cover for psychiatric services, rehabilitation and psychology ... READ MORE

Australia. National Health & Medical Research Council

style='mso-bookmark:_Toc214427318'>NHMRC Tracker 06 August 2010

Australian Institute of Health & Welfare

Chronic kidney disease hospitalisations in Australia 2000-01 to 2007-08 - In 2007-08, chronic kidney disease (CKD) contributed to 15% (nearly 1.2 million) of all hospitalisations in Australia, one million of which were for regular dialysis. Indigenous Australians were hospitalised at ... Published 18 August 2010.

Australian Medical Council

Consultation on Competence-Based Education Paper- A new paper about Competence-Based Medical Education has been released for consultation. Read more...

Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care

12 August 2010 - Patient Safety in Primary Health Care

Australia. Private Health Insurance Administration Council

19 August Standard Operating Procedure - Accepting a Written Undertaking CURRENT EDITION 10/15

Australian Capital Territory. Department of Health

Media release

New laws to regulate tanning units (27 July 2010) - From November, tanning units or sun beds will need to be registered as a source of radiation, amongst other changes.

ACT 2010 Health Promotion Awards (26 July 2010) - These awards recognise outstanding achievements and innovations in health promotion practice.

Training Management System Capability Policy - The TMS policy ensures that a centralised system is used across ACT Health to manage, record and report on learning and development activities. A global view of all learning and development activities across ACT Health from both internal and external providers (such as InTACT who provide training to ACT Health staff) will provide accurate data for planning of learning/training activities, measuring against key performance indicators of the ACT Health Business Plan, and meeting legislative requirements by reporting on essential education. All training, including eLearning and Self Directed Learning Packages (SDLP), conducted in ACT Health shall be recorded on the Training Management system ACT Health Capabiliti. The Policy contains a hyperlink to a Toolkit to assist ACT Health staff who wish to develop eLearning packages. All training courses, including eLearning, shall be recorded on the ACT Health Education Activity register. ACT Health-Wide - Human ResourcesCED10-023 Training Mgt System Policy(PDF File 586k) - Toolkit For Development Of Elearning Packages(PDF File 742k)

New South Wales. Department of Health

Media releases

Policy directive

Information bulletin

Queensland. Department of Health

Media releases

Tasmania. Department of Health & Human Services

Media releases

Local Hospital Networks: extended deadline for feedback- 18 Aug 2010

Victoria. Department of Health

Media releases

- 13 August 2010 - Diabetes Australia Victoria has launched a new telephone health coaching service to help people take action to prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes.

- 13 August 2010 - Construction has started on the $24 million redevelopment of the North Richmond Community Health Centre.

Health Victoria August 2010 - Read latest edition

Clinical Network News - August 2010 (PDF file, 336kb)

Western Australia. Department of Health

Media release

New Zealand. Mental Health Commission

19 August 2010, Family, Whanau booklet available - 'When someone you care about has mental health or addiction problems'  a guide for family, Whanau ... - + Read more

Canada. Health Canada

Health Canada Launches its Not4me Facebook Fanpage Dedicated to Drug Prevention Among Youth[2010-08-17]

Government of Canada Releases Biomonitoring Data from the Canadian Health Measures Survey[2010-08-16]

United States of America. Department of Health & Human Services

Review calls for new federal approach to medical countermeasures - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius today released an examination of the federal government's system to produce medications, vaccines, equipment and supplies needed for a health emergency, known as medical countermeasures.

United States of America. Centres for Disease Control

HHS/CDC Provides Additional Funding for All-Hazards State and Local Public Health Preparedness and Response- Public health agencies will receive a total of $698.2 million in the current fiscal year to help them strengthen their ability to respond to terrorism or natural disasters.  (Published: 8/19/2010)

Teen Vaccination Rates Increasing Across the US - CDC survey provides estimates of coverage for adolescent vaccination at the national, state and selected local area levels.(Published: 8/19/2010)

Study Examines Heat Related Illness in High School Athletes- High school athletes are sidelined more than 9,000 days a year because of heat-related illnesses, according to a new CDC analysis. (Published: 8/19/2010)

Statement Regarding First Release of Global Adult Tobacco Survey Result by China- On August 17, 2010, China released its Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) results. Many countries conduct surveys to monitor adult tobacco use, but until recently, no one standard global survey for adults has consistently tracked tobacco use, exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke, and tobacco control measures.(Published: 8/18/2010)

Australian Medical Association

Dr Steve Hambleton, Speech to the PHAA National Immunisation Conference 19 August 2010 - 5:00pm - The National Immunisation Strategy and General Practice - The AMA is a strong advocate for immunisation and it welcomes the review of the National Immunisation Strategy. It will provide an opportunity to develop a planning framework that will enable us to build on and enhance initiatives in immunisation and vaccine-preventable disease now and for the future.

Support Family Doctors campaign19 August 2010 - 4:00am - We've had a Great response to the 'Support Family Doctors campaign' and the more signatures we have to present to the government, the bigger the impact. If you have not yet signed the petition or would like to print out a copy for your patients to sign please visit our 'Support Family Doctors Website'

Time-based national access targets for public hospital emergency departments - 2010 19 August 2010 - 12:00pm This position statement sets out the principles the AMA considers should underpin the national introduction of time-based targets for public hospital emergency departments (EDs) in order that patient safety and outcomes, quality of care and the training of doctors are not compromised.

Competency-based training in medical education - 2010 16 August 2010 - 12:00pm

Telemedicine an important component of a modern health system 16 August 2010 - 1:00pm - The AMA welcomes today's commitment from Labor that, if elected, it would invest heavily in telemedicine to support and enhance health services as a part of a modern health system. AMA President, Dr Andrew Pesce, said the investment would assist doctors to better use communications technology to provide services to patients who would otherwise have limited or no access to these services. 'This is a recognition of the need to embrace communications technology to modernise our health system,' Dr Pesce said.

Privacy Resource Handbook 2010 16 August 2010 - 1:00am - The AMA has developed a Privacy Resource handbook to help doctors comply with the Privacy Act 1988. The Resource handbook is based on the Privacy Act 1988 in force as at 1 July 2010. The AMA intends to update this Resource Book if the proposed changes become law.

Asbestos remains a global health threat 15 August 2010 - 12:00pm - MJA media release - Asbestos remains a global health threat, with over two million tonnes produced in 2008. Developing countries are mining and importing asbestos for domestic use, according to an article published in the Medical Journal of Australia. Professor Peter Sly, Deputy Director of the Queensland Children's Medical Research Institute at the University of Queensland, and co-authors are calling for action to support the latest international effort to ban the mining and manufacturing of all forms of asbestos; to increase effective education of the dangers of asbestos; and to urge our legislators to increase their efforts to rid the world of asbestos-related disease.

Emerging bipolar treatments and new research are causing an upsurge in interest in the disorder 15 August 2010 - 12:00pm - MJA media release - Interest and awareness about bipolar disorder are slowly shifting, largely due to emerging treatments and research, according to an article in a supplement to the current edition of the Medical Journal of Australia. Prof David Castle, from the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Melbourne, Prof Michael Berk, from the Department of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences at the University of Melbourne, and Barbara Hocking, Executive Director of SANE Australia, examined emerging treatments for and research on bipolar disorder. Prof Castle said bipolar disorder is attracting an upsurge of interest among the general public and in clinical and research arenas, which is being driven largely by the emergence of a range of new pharmacological and psychological treatments.

Hospitalisation of patients with non-traffic injuries in NSW on the rise despite reductions in traffic injuries 15 August 2010 - 12:00pm - MJA media release - Hospitalisation rates for injuries due to non-traffic crashes among New South Wales (NSW) residents has increased over the past ten years, despite fatalities due to road crashes declining, according to a study published in the Medical Journal of Australia. Non-traffic crashes are those involving any vehicles that occur anywhere other than on a public highway. Dr Julie Hatfield and Dr Shanley Chong, from the NSW Injury Risk Management Research Centre at the University of NSW, with Dr Wei Du from the George Institute for International Heath at the University of Sydney, conducted a study to examine the trends in hospitalisation rates for injuries due to non-traffic crashes among NSW residents.

Prevalence of sleep-related breathing disorders linked to increases in obesity 15 August 2010 - 12:00pm - MJA media release - The worsening severity in sleep-disordered breathing is primarily attributable to increases in obesity, according to a study published in the Medical Journal of Australia. Dr Jeffery Pretto, Stephen Gyulay and Professor Michael Hensley, from the Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine at the John Hunter Hospital, Newcastle, and School of Medicine and Public Health at the University of Newcastle, conducted a study aimed at describing trends in sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) severity and whether incidences and severity changed in the Hunter New England region between 1987 and 2007. Dr Jeffery Pretto said that between 1987 and 2007, 14,648 new diagnostic sleep studies were performed.

President's email 13 August 2010 - 12:00pm - The AMA this week called on the major parties to commit to proper indexation of the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) should they be elected on 21 August. We also sought a promise that there would be no further cuts to specific MBS items, as happened last year with cataract surgery, joint injections, cardiac angiography, pathology, and IVF procedures.

President's Blog, Friday 13 August 2010 13 August 2010 - 1:00pm - The next Government must make a significant investment in the MBS in order to stop shifting more and more of the cost of health care on to patients.

Primary Care Infrastructure Grant Scheme 13 August 2010 - 5:00pm - The Department of Health and Ageing is calling for applications under the Primary Care Infrastructure Grants Scheme.& Money is being made available to help GP clinics upgrade facilities and to provide new or additional facilities. Applications close on 20 August 2010. The AMA had prepared a guide for doctors considering applying.

edit Issue 71 - 16 August 2010 17 August 2010 - 12:00pm AMACDT's new leadership team; Election 2010; AMA health policy platform for Election 2010; AMA position statement on competency-based training; Online resources on doctors' health and wellbeing; Australian Curriculum Framework for Junior Doctors website resources; UN NGO conference: Advance Global Health; MJA job share noticeboard.

GP Network News Issue 10, Number 28 - 13 August 2010 13 August 2010 - 4:00pm - Let us know your views in Election 2010; Support Family Doctors petition; Support Family Doctors campaign materials; General practice lobby kit; Primary Care Infrastructure Grants Scheme - AMA guide; Healthy kids check needs stronger evidence base; AMA calls for proper indexation of the MBS and no further cuts to medicare rebates; AMA calls for action on Indigenous health;

© DLA Phillips Fox

DLA Phillips Fox is one of the largest legal firms in Australasia and a member of DLA Piper Group, an alliance of independent legal practices. It is a separate and distinct legal entity. For more information visit

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Some comments from our readers…
“The articles are extremely timely and highly applicable”
“I often find critical information not available elsewhere”
“As in-house counsel, Mondaq’s service is of great value”

Mondaq Advice Centre (MACs)
Up-coming Events Search
Font Size:
Mondaq on Twitter
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).
Email Address
Company Name
Confirm Password
Mondaq Topics -- Select your Interests
 Law Performance
 Law Practice
 Media & IT
 Real Estate
 Wealth Mgt
Asia Pacific
European Union
Latin America
Middle East
United States
Worldwide Updates
Check to state you have read and
agree to our Terms and Conditions

Terms & Conditions and Privacy Statement (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd and as a user you are granted a non-exclusive, revocable license to access the Website under its terms and conditions of use. Your use of the Website constitutes your agreement to the following terms and conditions of use. Mondaq Ltd may terminate your use of the Website if you are in breach of these terms and conditions or if Mondaq Ltd decides to terminate your license of use for whatever reason.

Use of

You may use the Website but are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the content and articles available (the Content). You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these terms & conditions or with the prior written consent of Mondaq Ltd. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information about’s content, users or contributors in order to offer them any services or products which compete directly or indirectly with Mondaq Ltd’s services and products.


Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the documents and related graphics published on this server for any purpose. All such documents and related graphics are provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers hereby disclaim all warranties and conditions with regard to this information, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. In no event shall Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information available from this server.

The documents and related graphics published on this server could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically added to the information herein. Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described herein at any time.


Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including what sort of information you are interested in, for three primary purposes:

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, newsletter alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our information providers who provide information free for your use.

Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) do not sell or provide your details to third parties other than information providers. The reason we provide our information providers with this information is so that they can measure the response their articles are receiving and provide you with information about their products and services.

If you do not want us to provide your name and email address you may opt out by clicking here .

If you do not wish to receive any future announcements of products and services offered by Mondaq by clicking here .

Information Collection and Use

We require site users to register with Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to view the free information on the site. We also collect information from our users at several different points on the websites: this is so that we can customise the sites according to individual usage, provide 'session-aware' functionality, and ensure that content is acquired and developed appropriately. This gives us an overall picture of our user profiles, which in turn shows to our Editorial Contributors the type of person they are reaching by posting articles on Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) – meaning more free content for registered users.

We are only able to provide the material on the Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) site free to site visitors because we can pass on information about the pages that users are viewing and the personal information users provide to us (e.g. email addresses) to reputable contributing firms such as law firms who author those pages. We do not sell or rent information to anyone else other than the authors of those pages, who may change from time to time. Should you wish us not to disclose your details to any of these parties, please tick the box above or tick the box marked "Opt out of Registration Information Disclosure" on the Your Profile page. We and our author organisations may only contact you via email or other means if you allow us to do so. Users can opt out of contact when they register on the site, or send an email to with “no disclosure” in the subject heading

Mondaq News Alerts

In order to receive Mondaq News Alerts, users have to complete a separate registration form. This is a personalised service where users choose regions and topics of interest and we send it only to those users who have requested it. Users can stop receiving these Alerts by going to the Mondaq News Alerts page and deselecting all interest areas. In the same way users can amend their personal preferences to add or remove subject areas.


A cookie is a small text file written to a user’s hard drive that contains an identifying user number. The cookies do not contain any personal information about users. We use the cookie so users do not have to log in every time they use the service and the cookie will automatically expire if you do not visit the Mondaq website (or its affiliate sites) for 12 months. We also use the cookie to personalise a user's experience of the site (for example to show information specific to a user's region). As the Mondaq sites are fully personalised and cookies are essential to its core technology the site will function unpredictably with browsers that do not support cookies - or where cookies are disabled (in these circumstances we advise you to attempt to locate the information you require elsewhere on the web). However if you are concerned about the presence of a Mondaq cookie on your machine you can also choose to expire the cookie immediately (remove it) by selecting the 'Log Off' menu option as the last thing you do when you use the site.

Some of our business partners may use cookies on our site (for example, advertisers). However, we have no access to or control over these cookies and we are not aware of any at present that do so.

Log Files

We use IP addresses to analyse trends, administer the site, track movement, and gather broad demographic information for aggregate use. IP addresses are not linked to personally identifiable information.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that Mondaq (or its affiliate sites) are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of these third party sites. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this Web site.

Surveys & Contests

From time-to-time our site requests information from users via surveys or contests. Participation in these surveys or contests is completely voluntary and the user therefore has a choice whether or not to disclose any information requested. Information requested may include contact information (such as name and delivery address), and demographic information (such as postcode, age level). Contact information will be used to notify the winners and award prizes. Survey information will be used for purposes of monitoring or improving the functionality of the site.


If a user elects to use our referral service for informing a friend about our site, we ask them for the friend’s name and email address. Mondaq stores this information and may contact the friend to invite them to register with Mondaq, but they will not be contacted more than once. The friend may contact Mondaq to request the removal of this information from our database.


This website takes every reasonable precaution to protect our users’ information. When users submit sensitive information via the website, your information is protected using firewalls and other security technology. If you have any questions about the security at our website, you can send an email to

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user’s personally identifiable information changes (such as postcode), or if a user no longer desires our service, we will endeavour to provide a way to correct, update or remove that user’s personal data provided to us. This can usually be done at the “Your Profile” page or by sending an email to

Notification of Changes

If we decide to change our Terms & Conditions or Privacy Policy, we will post those changes on our site so our users are always aware of what information we collect, how we use it, and under what circumstances, if any, we disclose it. If at any point we decide to use personally identifiable information in a manner different from that stated at the time it was collected, we will notify users by way of an email. Users will have a choice as to whether or not we use their information in this different manner. We will use information in accordance with the privacy policy under which the information was collected.

How to contact Mondaq

You can contact us with comments or queries at

If for some reason you believe Mondaq Ltd. has not adhered to these principles, please notify us by e-mail at and we will use commercially reasonable efforts to determine and correct the problem promptly.