Worldwide: A New Era for Islamic Finance in Asia Pacific


Japan has been talking about Islamic finance for several years with Japan Bank for International Cooperation leading the way in terms of local research and development. However, up until recently, only a small number of Islamic finance deals have been done in this market. This is all changing - Japan has made headlines in the Islamic finance market over the last couple of months with the issuance of US$100 million sukuk - al - ijarah, listed on the Bursa Malaysia, as well as the establishment of commodity murabaha facility (which, due to strong investor demand, was upsized from US$50 million to US$70 million). Following closely on Nomura's heels, Sumitomo Corporation has announced that it is planning to launch Japan's first yen - denominated Islamic funding deal.

These transactions are particularly remarkable in view of the fact that unlike other countries such as Singapore and Hong Kong, Japan has not, at the present time, amended its regulatory and tax legislation to take into account the requirements of Shariah compliant transactions. The absence of such a framework has not deterred these major Japanese multinationals from diversifying their funding sources by tapping the Islamic finance market. This is not only a significant step for corporate Japan but also for other corporates in the Asia Pacific region who may be encouraged to closely consider Islamic financial products as viable alternative methods of raising finance.


On a global scale, borrowers have recognized that there is a significant pool of Islamic finance institutions and investors, who as a result of their constitutions and beliefs, are prohibited from investing in conventional debt instruments but who may invest in instruments which are structured in a way which meets Shariah principles. Over recent years, Sukuk (economically similar to conventional bonds) have grown in popularity since while they mirror the economic effect of a conventional bond, they also meet Shariah principles. The key differential being that the profit made on the investment is generated from the returns from an underlying asset, project or venture rather than being a simple debt paper.

Although there has been a great deal of interest in Sukuk globally, the Sukuk market (and the Islamic finance market as a whole) has been dominated by Malaysia, closely followed by the Gulf countries. It is highly likely that Malaysia will continue to be the centre of Islamic finance in the Asia Pacific, not only because the majority of its population is Muslim and the fact that it has a large number of Islamic financial institutions, but also because the Malaysian government has ensured that the appropriate regulatory and taxation framework is in place to encourage Islamic finance transactions. The government / regulator also strongly supports the industry and leads the way in its promotion. Nevertheless, this has not deterred non-Muslim countries in the region such as Singapore and Hong Kong from trying to establish themselves as regional "hubs" for Islamic finance by amending their laws to ensure that Shariah compliant transactions are given equal regulatory and tax treatment vis - a - vis conventional debt.

The Japanese example

There is no doubt that Japan has recognised the opportunities presented by the Islamic finance market. In December 2008, the Financial Services Agency of Japan amended the banking regulations to permit the subsidiaries of Japanese banks to engage in Islamic finance transactions. These amendments have permitted Japanese banks such as SMBC Europe (London) and Bank of Tokyo - Mitsubishi UFJ (Malaysia) to structure and place Islamic deals. However, Japan's banking regulations have not yet been amended to permit murabahah (cost - plus financing) or ijarah (leasing) transactions, both common Islamic financing structures. As such, Japan was viewed as not having the necessary tax and regulatory framework in place to actively promote Sukuk or other Islamic finance transactions by Japanese entities.

However, the recent transactions by Nomura and the announcement by Sumitomo have shown that the lack of local framework for Islamic finance structures should not necessarily be an impediment to issuers who are keen to tap the liquidity of Islamic finance investors in Malaysia and the Gulf. Nomura managed to structure the transactions using a commodity based murabahah for its banking facility and an ijarah for the Sukuk despite the fact that there were no specific regulations covering these structures.

The future

Nomura's and Sumitomo's launch into the world of Islamic finance is not merely symbolic but demonstrates to other Asian corporates that there are genuine opportunities and viable methods for accessing the Islamic markets. Even though certain countries, like Hong Kong and Singapore, acted rapidly to ensure that the proper tax and regulatory framework was in place to cater to certain types of Islamic financing structures, it may in fact be countries like Japan, China, Indonesia and Australia, which are more likely to seek funding opportunities from the Islamic finance market. It is these countries which have large property, energy, high tech and infrastructure sectors which tend to have, or involve the development of tangible assets, which naturally lend themselves to Islamic finance structures.

The fact that the Australian federal government is seeking to amend its banking and finance regulations to allow Islamic finance to operate on an equal footing with conventional debt is encouraging. There will of course be issues that need to be resolved (such as the concern that ijarah transactions may attract double stamp duty). However, as the Japanese corporates have shown, the lack of a local framework does not mean that Islamic finance methods should be dismissed; rather many of these obstacles may be overcome with a little innovation.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Some comments from our readers…
“The articles are extremely timely and highly applicable”
“I often find critical information not available elsewhere”
“As in-house counsel, Mondaq’s service is of great value”

Up-coming Events Search
Font Size:
Mondaq on Twitter
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).
Email Address
Company Name
Confirm Password
Mondaq Topics -- Select your Interests
 Law Performance
 Law Practice
 Media & IT
 Real Estate
 Wealth Mgt
Asia Pacific
European Union
Latin America
Middle East
United States
Worldwide Updates
Check to state you have read and
agree to our Terms and Conditions

Terms & Conditions and Privacy Statement (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd and as a user you are granted a non-exclusive, revocable license to access the Website under its terms and conditions of use. Your use of the Website constitutes your agreement to the following terms and conditions of use. Mondaq Ltd may terminate your use of the Website if you are in breach of these terms and conditions or if Mondaq Ltd decides to terminate your license of use for whatever reason.

Use of

You may use the Website but are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the content and articles available (the Content). You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these terms & conditions or with the prior written consent of Mondaq Ltd. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information about’s content, users or contributors in order to offer them any services or products which compete directly or indirectly with Mondaq Ltd’s services and products.


Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the documents and related graphics published on this server for any purpose. All such documents and related graphics are provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers hereby disclaim all warranties and conditions with regard to this information, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. In no event shall Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information available from this server.

The documents and related graphics published on this server could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically added to the information herein. Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described herein at any time.


Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including what sort of information you are interested in, for three primary purposes:

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, newsletter alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our information providers who provide information free for your use.

Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) do not sell or provide your details to third parties other than information providers. The reason we provide our information providers with this information is so that they can measure the response their articles are receiving and provide you with information about their products and services.

If you do not want us to provide your name and email address you may opt out by clicking here .

If you do not wish to receive any future announcements of products and services offered by Mondaq by clicking here .

Information Collection and Use

We require site users to register with Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to view the free information on the site. We also collect information from our users at several different points on the websites: this is so that we can customise the sites according to individual usage, provide 'session-aware' functionality, and ensure that content is acquired and developed appropriately. This gives us an overall picture of our user profiles, which in turn shows to our Editorial Contributors the type of person they are reaching by posting articles on Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) – meaning more free content for registered users.

We are only able to provide the material on the Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) site free to site visitors because we can pass on information about the pages that users are viewing and the personal information users provide to us (e.g. email addresses) to reputable contributing firms such as law firms who author those pages. We do not sell or rent information to anyone else other than the authors of those pages, who may change from time to time. Should you wish us not to disclose your details to any of these parties, please tick the box above or tick the box marked "Opt out of Registration Information Disclosure" on the Your Profile page. We and our author organisations may only contact you via email or other means if you allow us to do so. Users can opt out of contact when they register on the site, or send an email to with “no disclosure” in the subject heading

Mondaq News Alerts

In order to receive Mondaq News Alerts, users have to complete a separate registration form. This is a personalised service where users choose regions and topics of interest and we send it only to those users who have requested it. Users can stop receiving these Alerts by going to the Mondaq News Alerts page and deselecting all interest areas. In the same way users can amend their personal preferences to add or remove subject areas.


A cookie is a small text file written to a user’s hard drive that contains an identifying user number. The cookies do not contain any personal information about users. We use the cookie so users do not have to log in every time they use the service and the cookie will automatically expire if you do not visit the Mondaq website (or its affiliate sites) for 12 months. We also use the cookie to personalise a user's experience of the site (for example to show information specific to a user's region). As the Mondaq sites are fully personalised and cookies are essential to its core technology the site will function unpredictably with browsers that do not support cookies - or where cookies are disabled (in these circumstances we advise you to attempt to locate the information you require elsewhere on the web). However if you are concerned about the presence of a Mondaq cookie on your machine you can also choose to expire the cookie immediately (remove it) by selecting the 'Log Off' menu option as the last thing you do when you use the site.

Some of our business partners may use cookies on our site (for example, advertisers). However, we have no access to or control over these cookies and we are not aware of any at present that do so.

Log Files

We use IP addresses to analyse trends, administer the site, track movement, and gather broad demographic information for aggregate use. IP addresses are not linked to personally identifiable information.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that Mondaq (or its affiliate sites) are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of these third party sites. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this Web site.

Surveys & Contests

From time-to-time our site requests information from users via surveys or contests. Participation in these surveys or contests is completely voluntary and the user therefore has a choice whether or not to disclose any information requested. Information requested may include contact information (such as name and delivery address), and demographic information (such as postcode, age level). Contact information will be used to notify the winners and award prizes. Survey information will be used for purposes of monitoring or improving the functionality of the site.


If a user elects to use our referral service for informing a friend about our site, we ask them for the friend’s name and email address. Mondaq stores this information and may contact the friend to invite them to register with Mondaq, but they will not be contacted more than once. The friend may contact Mondaq to request the removal of this information from our database.


From time to time Mondaq may send you emails promoting Mondaq services including new services. You may opt out of receiving such emails by clicking below.

*** If you do not wish to receive any future announcements of services offered by Mondaq you may opt out by clicking here .


This website takes every reasonable precaution to protect our users’ information. When users submit sensitive information via the website, your information is protected using firewalls and other security technology. If you have any questions about the security at our website, you can send an email to

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user’s personally identifiable information changes (such as postcode), or if a user no longer desires our service, we will endeavour to provide a way to correct, update or remove that user’s personal data provided to us. This can usually be done at the “Your Profile” page or by sending an email to

Notification of Changes

If we decide to change our Terms & Conditions or Privacy Policy, we will post those changes on our site so our users are always aware of what information we collect, how we use it, and under what circumstances, if any, we disclose it. If at any point we decide to use personally identifiable information in a manner different from that stated at the time it was collected, we will notify users by way of an email. Users will have a choice as to whether or not we use their information in this different manner. We will use information in accordance with the privacy policy under which the information was collected.

How to contact Mondaq

You can contact us with comments or queries at

If for some reason you believe Mondaq Ltd. has not adhered to these principles, please notify us by e-mail at and we will use commercially reasonable efforts to determine and correct the problem promptly.