Nigeria: An Evaluation Of The Socio-Economic And Legal Effects Of The Proliferation Of Record Companies In Nigeria

Last Updated: 24 February 2017
Article by Emmanuel Ekpenyong

The 21st Century has witnessed a boom in Nigerian music. It is obvious that unlike in the 1980's, when Nigerian music were rarely played in parties, clubs or public functions even within her borders, the songs of Nigerian new generation artists are not only aired in Nigeria but in prominent radio and televisions stations across the world. In recognition of this, Nigerian artists have gained constant nominations and won several international awards. Inevitably, the popularity of Nigerian artists both home and globally has impacted positively on the nation's economy. The music sector has created job opportunities for many Nigerian youths and is fast becoming a major driving force in Nigeria's transformation.

The recent music revolution was spearheaded by record companies such as Kennis Music, Storm Records, Tribe Records to mention but a few. These record companies took time to discover budding talents, invest in them, raise the standard and charted a new course for Nigerian music. However, as these artists became popular, they released themselves from their record contract with the record companies to form their own record company. For instance, 2 face and Eederis Abdulkarim left Kennis Music to form Hypertek Entertainment and La Kreem music respectively, Sound Sultan left Kennis Music to form Naija Ninjas and Faze left Westside Music to form Independent Entertainment. 

This trend has become a constant recurrence as Nigerian music evolve; Wizkid left EME to form Star Boy Entertainment, D'banj left Mo' hits to form DB records, Wande Coal left Mavin Records to form Black Diamond Entertainment, Olamide left Coded Tunes to form YBNL Nation, Jesse Jagz left Chocolate City to form Jagz Nation and the list goes on and on. It appears the aim of forming a record company in Nigeria today is no longer to maintain professionalism in the industry and high quality music but simply to make profits for its owner.

Though an artist who owns his record company has the advantage of fully owning his album, maintaining his autonomy, giving his album top priority and becoming an entertainment expert, the risk involved in running a successful record company is damning. This explains why most new record companies still find it difficult to make headway or sign a single artist after many years of its formation. Apart from the task of starting up without a solid marketing and distribution structure, grooming an efficient record company in Nigeria is capital intensive and time consuming. Except the owner of the new record company is buoyant, patient, persistent and fortunate, the record company may fall by the way side and with it in most cases, the career and credibility of a once promising star. 

Moreover, if the proliferation of record companies continues unabated, Nigerian music would gradually lose its art and soul. This would impede the growth of the sector and delay the development of its legal framework. Except for artists with genuine passion and the wherewithal to groom their own record company, it is more economically and professionally viable for artists to renegotiate the terms of their record contracts with the record company as their fame increases, instead of venturing into the murky waters of establishing their own record company. Nevertheless, if the owners of one record company fails to agree on favorable terms with an established artist, other record companies may be dying to have the artist on their record label on a better deal. 

Therefore, forming a new record company must not be the only option to thwart the gimmicks of a greedy record company. Experience has shown that being popular as an artist does not necessarily translate to having an efficient record company. The way around this is for budding artists to not only insist on a periodic review of the terms of their record contracts to prevent the record companies from taking undue advantage of them, they should also seek the advice and possibly retain the services of a good entertainment lawyer to represent them in negotiations with the record company. 

The Nigerian music industry will develop more rapidly if there is proper utilization of individual core skills; songwriters should be patronized to improve the content of the songs, sound engineers for better sound quality, artists should concentrate their best efforts on their music and the record label should bear the risk and responsibility of handling the business aspect of the music. This way, song writing would develop as a profession of its own; the artist would gain in credibility, high productivity and profit; the record company would gain in expertise and the general growth of the music industry will in no small measure increase the nation's jurisprudence on the entertainment sector and improve the Nigerian economy.    

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Emmanuel Ekpenyong
In association with
Related Topics
Related Articles
Up-coming Events Search
Font Size:
Mondaq on Twitter
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).
Email Address
Company Name
Confirm Password
Mondaq Topics -- Select your Interests
 Law Performance
 Law Practice
 Media & IT
 Real Estate
 Wealth Mgt
Asia Pacific
European Union
Latin America
Middle East
United States
Worldwide Updates
Registration (you must scroll down to set your data preferences)

Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including your content preferences, for three primary purposes (full details of Mondaq’s use of your personal data can be found in our Privacy and Cookies Notice):

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting to show content ("Content") relevant to your interests.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, news alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our content providers ("Contributors") who contribute Content for free for your use.

Mondaq hopes that our registered users will support us in maintaining our free to view business model by consenting to our use of your personal data as described below.

Mondaq has a "free to view" business model. Our services are paid for by Contributors in exchange for Mondaq providing them with access to information about who accesses their content. Once personal data is transferred to our Contributors they become a data controller of this personal data. They use it to measure the response that their articles are receiving, as a form of market research. They may also use it to provide Mondaq users with information about their products and services.

Details of each Contributor to which your personal data will be transferred is clearly stated within the Content that you access. For full details of how this Contributor will use your personal data, you should review the Contributor’s own Privacy Notice.

Please indicate your preference below:

Yes, I am happy to support Mondaq in maintaining its free to view business model by agreeing to allow Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors whose Content I access
No, I do not want Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors

Also please let us know whether you are happy to receive communications promoting products and services offered by Mondaq:

Yes, I am happy to received promotional communications from Mondaq
No, please do not send me promotional communications from Mondaq
Terms & Conditions (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd (Mondaq). Mondaq grants you a non-exclusive, revocable licence to access the Website and associated services, such as the Mondaq News Alerts (Services), subject to and in consideration of your compliance with the following terms and conditions of use (Terms). Your use of the Website and/or Services constitutes your agreement to the Terms. Mondaq may terminate your use of the Website and Services if you are in breach of these Terms or if Mondaq decides to terminate the licence granted hereunder for any reason whatsoever.

Use of

To Use you must be: eighteen (18) years old or over; legally capable of entering into binding contracts; and not in any way prohibited by the applicable law to enter into these Terms in the jurisdiction which you are currently located.

You may use the Website as an unregistered user, however, you are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the Content or to receive the Services.

You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these Terms or with the prior written consent of Mondaq. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information from the Content. Nor shall you extract information about users or Contributors in order to offer them any services or products.

In your use of the Website and/or Services you shall: comply with all applicable laws, regulations, directives and legislations which apply to your Use of the Website and/or Services in whatever country you are physically located including without limitation any and all consumer law, export control laws and regulations; provide to us true, correct and accurate information and promptly inform us in the event that any information that you have provided to us changes or becomes inaccurate; notify Mondaq immediately of any circumstances where you have reason to believe that any Intellectual Property Rights or any other rights of any third party may have been infringed; co-operate with reasonable security or other checks or requests for information made by Mondaq from time to time; and at all times be fully liable for the breach of any of these Terms by a third party using your login details to access the Website and/or Services

however, you shall not: do anything likely to impair, interfere with or damage or cause harm or distress to any persons, or the network; do anything that will infringe any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights of Mondaq or any third party; or use the Website, Services and/or Content otherwise than in accordance with these Terms; use any trade marks or service marks of Mondaq or the Contributors, or do anything which may be seen to take unfair advantage of the reputation and goodwill of Mondaq or the Contributors, or the Website, Services and/or Content.

Mondaq reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to take any action that it deems necessary and appropriate in the event it considers that there is a breach or threatened breach of the Terms.

Mondaq’s Rights and Obligations

Unless otherwise expressly set out to the contrary, nothing in these Terms shall serve to transfer from Mondaq to you, any Intellectual Property Rights owned by and/or licensed to Mondaq and all rights, title and interest in and to such Intellectual Property Rights will remain exclusively with Mondaq and/or its licensors.

Mondaq shall use its reasonable endeavours to make the Website and Services available to you at all times, but we cannot guarantee an uninterrupted and fault free service.

Mondaq reserves the right to make changes to the services and/or the Website or part thereof, from time to time, and we may add, remove, modify and/or vary any elements of features and functionalities of the Website or the services.

Mondaq also reserves the right from time to time to monitor your Use of the Website and/or services.


The Content is general information only. It is not intended to constitute legal advice or seek to be the complete and comprehensive statement of the law, nor is it intended to address your specific requirements or provide advice on which reliance should be placed. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the Content for any purpose. All Content provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers hereby exclude and disclaim all representations, warranties or guarantees with regard to the Content, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. To the maximum extent permitted by law, Mondaq expressly excludes all representations, warranties, obligations, and liabilities arising out of or in connection with all Content. In no event shall Mondaq and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use of the Content or performance of Mondaq’s Services.


Mondaq may alter or amend these Terms by amending them on the Website. By continuing to Use the Services and/or the Website after such amendment, you will be deemed to have accepted any amendment to these Terms.

These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of England and Wales and you irrevocably submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of England and Wales to settle any dispute which may arise out of or in connection with these Terms. If you live outside the United Kingdom, English law shall apply only to the extent that English law shall not deprive you of any legal protection accorded in accordance with the law of the place where you are habitually resident ("Local Law"). In the event English law deprives you of any legal protection which is accorded to you under Local Law, then these terms shall be governed by Local Law and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these Terms shall be subject to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the courts where you are habitually resident.

You may print and keep a copy of these Terms, which form the entire agreement between you and Mondaq and supersede any other communications or advertising in respect of the Service and/or the Website.

No delay in exercising or non-exercise by you and/or Mondaq of any of its rights under or in connection with these Terms shall operate as a waiver or release of each of your or Mondaq’s right. Rather, any such waiver or release must be specifically granted in writing signed by the party granting it.

If any part of these Terms is held unenforceable, that part shall be enforced to the maximum extent permissible so as to give effect to the intent of the parties, and the Terms shall continue in full force and effect.

Mondaq shall not incur any liability to you on account of any loss or damage resulting from any delay or failure to perform all or any part of these Terms if such delay or failure is caused, in whole or in part, by events, occurrences, or causes beyond the control of Mondaq. Such events, occurrences or causes will include, without limitation, acts of God, strikes, lockouts, server and network failure, riots, acts of war, earthquakes, fire and explosions.

By clicking Register you state you have read and agree to our Terms and Conditions